Additional Degree Requirements
A recognition of past graduate work as partial fulfillment of the course requirements for the PhD degree is at the discretion, and subject to the approval of, the Graduate Program Director and the Dean of Graduate Studies.
Fields of Specialization. Each PhD student must specialize in two fields of economics. A specialization is obtained by 1) successfully completing two courses from one of the following fields: Economic Growth and Development; Environmental Economics; Financial Economics; Health Economics; Industrial Economics; International Economics; Labour Economics; Public Economics; or, 2) by completing one course in addition to the two required courses for a specialization in microeconomics, macroeconomics, and econometrics. Students must consult the Graduate Program Director to confirm the course selection that would constitute an acceptable field of specialization.
Language Requirement. PhD candidates must pass an examination in French. International students may, with the approval of the Department, replace French with another language in which there exists a sufficiently large economics literature.