Kristen Dunfield, PhD
Associate Professor, Psychology
My research focuses on how children interact with, learn from, and evaluate the people in their environment. Specifically, I examine the effect of social cognition on the development, production, and maintenance of trust and prosocial behaviour. The long-term goal of my research program is to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of the effect of trust on human behaviour and development through the utilization of methods and theory from social, cognitive, and evolutionary psychology.
Work in my lab can broadly be divided into three related lines examining:
- how children extend trust to others through the production of prosocial behaviours,
- the development of children's ability to respond to other's displays of trustworthiness through selective social interactions
- individual difference factors that affect the tendency to extend trust
PhD (Queen's University)
Dunfield, K.A. & Johnson, S.C. (2015). Variability in social reasoning: The influence ofattachment security on the attribution of goals. Frontiers. Developmental Psychology. 6:1487. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01487
Wagner, L., Dunfield, K.A. &Rohrbeck, K.L. (2014). Children’s Use of Social Cues when Learning Conventions.Journal of Cognition and Development, 15, 479-494.
Dunfield K.A. (2014). Aconstruct divided: prosocial behavior as helping, sharing, and comfortingsubtypes. Frontiers. DevelopmentalPsychology. 5:958. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00958
Kuhlmeier V.A., Dunfield K.A.,& O’Neill A.C. (2014).Selectivity in early prosocial behavior. Frontiers.Developmental Psychology. 5:836.doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00836
Dunfield. K.A., Kuhlmeier,V.A. & Murphy, L.J. (2013). The roots of cooperation: Partner choice inyoung children. PLOS one. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061804
Cunningham, W.A., Dunfield, K.A.,& Stillman, P.E. (2013). Emotional states from affective dynamics. EmotionReview. 5, 344-355.
Fitneva, S.A., Lam, N.& Dunfield, K.A. (2013). The Development of children’s informationgathering: To look or to ask. Developmental Psychology, 49, 533-542.
Dunfield, K.A. & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2013). Classifying Prosocial Behaviour:Children’s Responses to Instrumental Need, Emotional Distress, and MaterialDesire. Child Development, 8, 1766-1776.
Dunfield,K.A., Kuhlmeier, V.A.,O’Connell, L.J. & Kelley, E.A. (2011). Examining the Diversity of ProsocialBehaviour: Helping, Sharing, and Comforting in Infancy. Infancy, 16, 227-247.
Dunfield, K.A. & Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2010). Intention-mediated selectivehelping in infancy. PsychologicalScience, 21, 523-527.
Fitneva, S.A., & Dunfield, K.A. (2010). Selective information seeking after asingle encounter, DevelopmentalPsychology, 46, 1380-1384. [IF: 3.782]
Peer-reviewed Book Chapters
Dirks,M.A., Dunfield, K.A., & Recchia, H., (in press). Prosocial Behaviorwith Peers: Intentions, Outcomes, and Interpersonal Adjustments. In W.Bukowski, B. Laursen, & K. Rubin (Eds.) Handbookof Peer Interactions, Relationships, and Groups.
Cunningham, W.A., Dunfield, K.A., & Stillman, P.E. (2014)Affect dynamics: Iterative reprocessing in the production of emotionalresponses. In L. Feldman-Barrett & J. Russell (Eds.) The Psychological Construction of Emotions.
Johnson, S.C., Dweck, C.S., & Dunfield, K.A. (2013).How universals and individual differences can inform each other: The case ofsocial expectations in infancy. In M. Banaji & S. Gelman (Eds.) Navigatingthe Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us.
Dunfield, K.A. &Kuhlmeier, V.A. (2013). Evidence for partner choice in toddlers: Considering thebreadth of other-oriented behaviours. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 88-89.