Concordia University



Michelle Nokken, PhD

Professor, Building, Civil, and Environmental Engineering

Office: S-EV 6411 
Engineering, Computer Science and Visual Arts Integrated Complex,
1515 St. Catherine W.
Phone: (514) 848-2424 ext. 7806

Dr. Michelle Nokken is a Professor in the Department of Building, Civil & Environmental Engineering. She obtained BASc and PhD degrees from the University of Toronto in 1999 and 2004, respectively.

Her research is focused on the concrete performance and durability of concrete materials subjected to a number of deterioration mechanisms as well as non-destructive testing for quality control. She joined the faculty of Concordia in September 2004.

Dr. Nokken is a Fellow of the American Concrete Institute. She is active in several committees at ACI, ASTM and CSA.

Prior to attending the University of Toronto for her BASc and PhD degrees, Dr. Nokken worked in industry for several years. She was involved in projects such as: research concerning sustainable development projects; energy analysis of single and multi-family residential housing; design of passive solar, straw bale and log homes.

Membership in external organizations

  • American Concrete Institute - Faculty Network, Committees 201, 236.
  • ASTM - Committees C1 and C9.
  • CSA - A23.1 and A23.2.
  • Professional Engineers of Ontario.


  • Development of on-site techniques to assess adequate curing and durability of concrete
  • Durability health monitoring
  • Repair and rehabilitation of civil infrastructure
  • Optimization of supplementary materials for sustainability and durability
  • Permeability and Pore Structure Development
  • Cemented mine backfill

Not accepting new graduate students for the 2020-2021 academic year

Teaching activities


  • BLDG 462/BLDG 6621 Modern Building Materials (Fall 2005, Fall 2007, Winter 2012)
  • BLDG 6931 Infrastructure Rehabilitation (Fall 2006, Fall 2009, Fall 2011)
  • CIVI 321 Engineering Materials (Winter terms 2005 to 2015)
  • CIVI 6021 Durability of Concrete Materials (Fall 2008, Fall 2010, Fall 2014, Fall 2017)
  • ENGR 242 Statics (Fall 2005 and Fall 2006)
  • ENGR 244 Mechanics of Materials (Winter terms 2004 to 2016)

Research Area, Current and Past Graduate Students

Current Graduate Students

Mr. Seyed Javad Mirvalad, PhD
Mr. Mohammed Aldabibi (with Dr. H. Ge)
Ms. Dulani Kodippili, PhD (with Dr. R. A. L. Drew)
Mr. Tao Fan, MASc
Mr. Olusola Olajide, MASc

Past Graduate Students

Theses available at:


Journal publications

J29.S. Diab,  A. Soliman and M. Nokken, Performance-based Design for Fibre Reinforce Concrete: Potential Balancing Corrosion Risk and Strength, accepted in Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering

J26.Hasan, M. S., S. S. Li, A. M. Zsaki, M. Nokken, Measurement of Abrasion on Concrete Surfaces with 3D scanning technology, accepted in Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering

J28.Rahmatian, A., Roy, T. B., Mofidi, A., Bagchi, A., & Nokken, M. (2019). Long-term performance monitoring of GFRP-reinforced concrete beams using sensor-mounted supplemental rebars under harsh environmental conditions. Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring9(2), 293-306.

J27.Mirvalad, S., Nokken, M., & Banu, D. (2019). Detection of Thaumasite Formation Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering31(9), 04019178.

J25. Gao, D., Zhang, L., Nokken, M., & Zhao, J. (2019). Mixture Proportion Design Method of Steel Fiber Reinforced Recycled Coarse Aggregate Concrete. Materials12(3), 375.

 J24.Zhao, P., Zsaki, A. M., & Nokken, M. R. (2018). Using digital image correlation to evaluate plastic shrinkage cracking in cement-based materials. Construction and Building Materials182, 108-117.

 J23.Eghtesadi, S., & Nokken, M. (2017). Effect of Cracking and Improper Consolidation as Important Concrete Defects on Water Absorption and Electrical Conductivity. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering29(11), 04017201.

 J22.Mohammadi, B., Nokken, M., &Mirvalad, S. (2017). Development of in situ water absorption method: laboratory study and field validation. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering29(10), 04017182.

 J21. Gao, D., Zhang, L., & Nokken, M. (2017). Mechanical behavior of recycled coarse aggregate concrete reinforced with steel fibers under direct shear. Cement and Concrete Composites79, 1-8.

 J20. Gao, D., Zhang, L., & Nokken, M. (2017). Compressive behavior of steel fiber reinforced recycled coarse aggregate concrete designed with equivalent cubic compressive strength. Construction and Building Materials141, 235-244.

 J19.Mirvalad, S., & Nokken, M. (2016). Studying thaumasite sulfate attack using compressive strength and ultrasonic pulse velocity. Materials and Structures49(10), 4131-4146.

 J18.Nokken, M. R. (2016). Electrical conductivity to determine maturity and activation energy in concretes. Materials and Structures49(6), 2209-2221.

 J17.Kermani, M., Hassani, F. P., Aflaki, E., Benzaazoua, M., & Nokken, M. (2015). Evaluation of the effect of sodium silicate addition to mine backfill, Gelfill–Part 2: Effects of mixing time and curing temperature. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering7(6), 668-673.

J16.Kermani, M., Hassani, F. P., Aflaki, E., Benzaazoua, M., & Nokken, M. (2015). Evaluation of the effect of sodium silicate addition to mine backfill, Gelfill− Part 1. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering7(3), 266-272.

J15.Rahmatian, A., Bagchi, A., & Nokken, M. (2015). Serviceability and Structural Behavior of FRP-RC Beams under Different Weathering Conditions and Fatigue. Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 704, pp. 447-450). 

 J14.Mirvalad, S., & Nokken, M. (2015). Minimum SCM requirements in mixtures containing limestone cement to control thaumasite sulfate attack. Construction and Building Materials84, 19-29.

 J13.Abbasy, F., Hassani, F. P., Madiseh, S. A. G., Côté, J., & Nokken, M. R. (2014). An experimental study on the effective parameters of thermal conductivity of mine backfill. Heat Transfer Engineering35(13), 1209-1224.

 J12. Nokken, M. R., Salloum, T., Idle, A., & Martinez Ramos, L. A.(2012). Standardized testing for determining the durability of high-volume fly ash mixtures. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering26(1), 206-210.

J11.Payrow, P., Nokken, M. R., Banu, D., Schmidt, R., DeWolf, C. E., & Feldman, D. (2013). Effect of UV and UV–ozone treatment of polyolefin fibers on toughness of fiber concrete composite. Advances in Civil Engineering Materials2(1), 51-61.

 J10. Ahani, R. M., & Nokken, M. R. (2012). Salt scaling resistance–The effect of curing and pre-saturation. Construction and Building Materials26(1), 558-564.

 J9.Payrow, P. Nokken, M. R., Banu D. and Feldman D. (2011). Effect of Chemical Surface Treatment on the Post-Crack Residual Strength and Toughness of Fiber Reinforced Concrete, Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 45, No. 20, 2047-2054.

J8. Nokken, M. R. (2010). Expansion of MgO in cement pastes measured by different methods. ACI Materials Journal107(1), 80.

 J7. Nokken, M., Boddy, A., Wu, X., & Hooton, R. D. (2008). Effects of temperature, chemical, and mineral admixtures on the electrical conductivity of concrete. Journal of ASTM International5(5), 1-9.

 J6. Nokken, M. R., & Hooton, R. D. (2008). Using pore parameters to estimate permeability or conductivity of concrete. Materials and Structures41(1), 1.

 J5. Hassani, F. P., Nokken, M. R., & Annor, A. (2007). Physical and mechanical behaviour of various combinations of minefill materials. CIM Bulletin100(3), 1-6.

J4. Nokken, M. R., & Hooton, R. D. (2006). Electrical conductivity testing: A Prequalification and Quality Assurance Tool. Concrete international28(10), 58-63.

J3. Nokken, M., Boddy, A., Hooton, R. D., & Thomas, M. D. A. (2006). Time dependent diffusion in concrete—three laboratory studies. Cement and Concrete Research36(1), 200-207.

 J2. Nokken, M. R., Hooton, R. D., & Rogers, C. A. (2004). Measured internal temperatures in concrete exposed to outdoor cyclic freezing. Cement, concrete and aggregates26(1), 1-7.

J1. Nokken, M. R., & Hooton, R. D. (2002). Dependence of rate of absorption on degree of saturation of concrete. Cement, concrete and aggregates24(1), 20-24.

Conference proceedings

C24. S. Diab, A. Soliman and M. Nokken, 2019, Influence of Fused Silica and Casting Direction on ASR Expansion, 7th Mechanics and Materials Specialty Conference, CSCE Annual Conference, Laval, QC. June 12-15, 2019

C23. S. Diab, A. Soliman and M. Nokken, 2019, Electrical Resistivity, Permeability and Mechanical Properties of Rubberized Concrete. 7th Mechanics and Materials Specialty Conference, CSCE Annual Conference, Laval, QC. June 12-15, 2019

C22. S. Diab, A. Soliman and M. Nokken, 2018, Effect of Fibre System on Mechanical and Electric Performance of Fibre Reinforced Concrete, 15th International Conference on Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, Cairo Egypt, December 18-20, 2018

C21. D. P. A. Kodippili, E. Rezabeigi, M. Nokken, and R. D. A. Drew, 2017, Synthesis of silica nanoparticles via sol-gel and incorporation into cement paste, 10th ACI/RILEM International Conference on Cementitous Materials and Alternative Binders for Sustainable Concrete, Montreal, QC, October 1-4, 2017 

C20. M. S. Hasan, S. S. Li, M. Nokken and A. M. Zsaki, 2015, “Abrasion of Concrete Hydraulic Structures Surfaces by Water-borne Sand”, CSCE 22nd Canadian Hydrotechnical Conference, Montreal, QC, April 29- May 2, 2015

C19. M. Hefni, F. P. Hassani, M. Nokken, M. Kermani, D. Vatne, 2014, “Investigation into the development of foam mine fill”, 11th International Symposium of Mining with Backfill, Perth Australia, May 20-22, 2014  

C18. M. Kermani, F. P. Hassani, M. Nokken, E. Aflaki, 2014, “An investigation into the addition of sodium silicate into mine backfill”, 11th International Symposium of Mining with Backfill, Perth Australia, May 20-22, 2014  

C17. S. Eghtesadi and M. R. Nokken, 2014, “Influence of Tensile Induced Microcracking on Standardized Performance Tests”. CSCE Annual Conference, Halifax, NS, May 28 -31, 2014

C 16. J. Sanchez Marquez and M. R. Nokken, 2014, “Evaluation of Saturation on Surface Electrical Resistivity Measurements”. CSCE Annual Conference, Halifax, NS, May 28 -31, 2014

C15. B. Mohammadi and M. R. Nokken, 2014, “Development of Concrete Water Absorption Testing for Quality Control”, TRB Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 12 - 16, 2014.

C14. M. Kermani, F. Hassani, M. Benzaazoua, I. Isagon, M. Nokken and S. Zamani, 2013, The Effect of Curing Temperature on the Physical Properties of Hydraulic Backfill and Gelfill, 23rd World Mining Congress, August 11 – 15, Montreal, QC.

C13. A. Rahmatian, A. Bagchi and M. Nokken, 2013, “Performance of an Innovative SHM System for RC Flexural Members under Normal and Adverse Environmental Conditions”. CSCE Annual Conference, Montreal, QC, May 29 – June 1, 2013.

C12. B. Mohammadi and M. R. Nokken, 2013, “Influence of Moisture Content on Water Absorption in Concrete”, CSCE Annual Conference, Montreal, QC, May 29 – June 1, 2013.

C11. A. Rahmatian, A. Bagchi and M. Nokken, 2013, “Finite Element Modeling of FRP Reinforced Concrete Flexural Elements Installed with a Protected Fiber Optic Strain Sensor”, TRB Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, January 13-17, 2013.

C10. A. Rahmatian, A. Bagchi and M. Nokken, 2012, “Non-linear Finite Element Analysis of Fiber-reinforced Polymer Rectangular Beams in Structural Health Monitoring”. 6th International Conference on Advanced Composite Materials in Bridges and Structures, May 22-25, 2012, Kingston, ON.

C9. M. F. Kermani, F. P. Hassani, M. Benzaazoua, M. Nokken, 2011, “Evaluation of the Effect of Sodium Silicate Addition to Mine Backfill”, 22nd World Mining Conference, 11-16 September, Istanbul, Turkey, Vol. 1, pp. 317-324. 

C8. M. F. Kermani, F. P. Hassani, I. Isagon, M. Nokken, S. Haj-Zamani, 2011, “Investigation into mechanical and microstructural properties of Gelfill”. Proceeding of the 10th International Conference on Mining with Backfill. March 21-25 2011, Cape Town, South Africa. pp. 153-158.

C7. M.  Kermani, F. P. Hassani, I. Isagon, M. Nokken, 2011, “The effect of sodium silicate and pulp density on the physical property of Gelfill”. Proceeding of the 26th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management. Philadelphia, PA U.S.A., March 27-30 2011, pp. 1322-1332

C6. F. P. Hassani, P. Radziszewski, M. R. Nokken and P. Nekoovaght, 2008, “Microwave Assisted Drilling and its Influence on Rock Breakage”, ISRM International Symposium 2008, 5th Asian Rock Mechanics Symposium, 24-26 November 2008 Tehran, Iran

C5. T. Salloum, M. R. Nokken, L. Tran, 2007, “Effect of Fly Ash Replacement on Alkali and Sulphate Resistance of Mortars”, International Conference on Sustainability in the Cement and Concrete Industry, September 16 – 19, 2007, Lillehammer Norway, pp. 558-567.

C4. F. P. Hassani, M. R. Nokken and A. B. Annor, 2007, “An investigation into composite minefill characteristics”, 9th International Symposium on Mining with Backfill, April 19 – May 2, 2007, Montreal Canada (CD-ROM proceedings)

C3. M. R. Nokken, and R. D. Hooton, 2004, “Discontinuous Capillary Porosity in Concrete – Does it Exist?”, International Symposium: Advances in Concrete through Science and Engineering, Evanston IL, March 21-24, 2004 (CD-ROM proceedings) 

C2. M. R. Nokken and R. D. Hooton, 2003, “Development of Early-Age Impermeability in Concrete”, PCI Bridge Conference and FHWA-PCI International Symposium on High Performance Concrete, Orlando FL, October 19-23, 2003. (Paper 104, CD-ROM proceedings) 

C1. M. R. Nokken and R. D. Hooton, 2001, “Evaporative Transport of Chlorides in Concrete”, Proceedings Third International Conference on Concrete under Severe Conditions, Vancouver BC, June 2001, pp. 357-364.


R.D. Hooton, M. Nokken and M.D.A. Thomas, “Portland-Limestone Cements: State-of-the-Art Report and Gap Analysis for CSA A 3000” for St. Lawrence Cement, 2007

N. Hearn, R. D. Hooton and M. R. Nokken, Pore Structure and Permeability, Chapter 23 in Significance of Tests and Properties of Concrete and Concrete-Making Materials, ASTM STP 169D, American Society for Testing and Materials, May 2006, pp. 238-252

M. R. Nokken, “Concrete Permeability – Revisiting T. C. Powers, Concrete Technology Today. Vol. 26, No. 2, August 2005, pp. 6-7.

Nokken, M. R., Development of Discontinuous Capillary Porosity in Concrete and its Influence on Durability, PhD thesis, 2004, University of Toronto. Available as a PDF from the Portland Cement Association (SN2861).

Nokken, M. R., Book Review of “Water Transport in Brick, Stone and Concrete”, Cement, Concrete and Aggregates. Vol. 25, No. 1, June 2003, pg 28.

Thompson, Kim, Jennifer Corson, Michelle Nokken, Chris Watts, and Ken Wilkie. Straw Bale Construction: A Manual for Maritime Regions. Ship Harbour, Nova Scotia: Straw Bale Herbals, 1993. ISBN 0-9680526-0-6

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