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Ingo Salzmann

Associate Professor, Physics
Associate Professor, Chemistry and Biochemistry

Ingo Salzmann


PhD (Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Germany)
MSc (Graz University of Technology, Austria)


We study the fundamental properties of conjugated organic molecules and polymers (plastics) that can be used as organic semiconductors. Such materials are employed with great success today in light-emitting devices (like OLED-based cell phones or TV) and are of particular interest for organic and hybrid (i.e. combined organic & inorganic) photovoltaics.

We focus on the complex microstructure of these materials, how it affects their electronic and optical properties, and how we can tailor these properties to meet application-related demands. We strive to understand better the differences between inorganic and organic semiconductors, explore their physics of doping and engineer their doping through organic chemistry.

We combine work in the ultra-high vacuum with the solution processing of organic semiconductor thin films under inert atmosphere for spectroscopically assessing their properties. In addition to work in the lab, we do a lot of research at synchrotron radiation facilities performing state-of-the-art X-ray scattering techniques.

Teaching activities


PHYS 252, Optics
CHEM 498/630, Solid Surfaces & Interfaces
CHEM 498/630, Organic Semiconductors
NANO 610 (1/4), Principles of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 


  1. S. Charoughchi,* J.-T. Liu, M. Berteau‐Rainville,* H. Hase,* M.S. Askari, S. Bhagat,*
    P. Forgione, I. Salzmann
    Sterically‐Hindered Molecular p‐Dopants Promote Integer Charge Transfer in Organic Semiconductors
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 62(31), e202304964 (2023)
  2. F. Hu, M. Berteau-Rainville,* H. Hase, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, I. Salzmann,‡ S. Duhm‡
    Energy-Level Alignment Governs Doping-Related Fermi-Level Shifts in Polymer Films
    ACS Applied Electronic Materials 5, 10, 5687-5695 (2023)
  3. L. Zhang, M. Berteau-Rainville,* T. Zhai, Y. Wang, Q. Wang, I. Salzmann,‡ S. Duhm‡
    Chemical Defects and Energetic Disorder Impact the Energy-Level Alignment of Functionalized
    Hexaazatriphenylene Thin Films
    physica status solidi – Rapid Research Letters (RRL), 17, 9, 2300001 (2023)
  4. T. Murrey, M. Berteau-Rainville,* G. Gonel, J. Saska, N. Shevchenko, A. Fergerson, R. Talbot, N. Yacoub, F. Zhang, A. Kahn, M. Mascal, I. Salzmann, A. Moulé
    Quantifying Polaron Populations in Sequentially Doped Conjugated Polymers
    The Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 11, 14884 (2023)
  5. H. Hase,* M. Berteau-Rainville,* S. Charoughchi,* W. Bodlos, E. Orgiu, I. Salzmann
    Critical dopant concentrations govern integer and fractional charge-transfer phases in doped P3HT
    Journal of Physics: Materials 6(1), 014004 (2023)
  6. M. Berteau-Rainville,* E. Orgiu, I. Salzmann
    On validity and limits of deducing the degree of charge transfer from shifts of cyano vibrations
    Electronic Structure (IOP) 5, 034002 (2023)
  7. J. Simbrunner, I. Salzmann, R. Resel
    Indexing of grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction patterns
    Crystallography Reviews 29(1), 19 (2023)
  8. H. Hase, M. Berteau-Rainville, S. Charoughchi, E. Orgiu, I. Salzmann
    Doping-related broadening of the density of states governs integer-charge transfer in P3HT
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 118, 203301 (2021)
  9. S. Bhagat, W. D. Leal, M. B. Majewski, J. Simbrunner, S. Hofer, R. Resel, I. Salzmann
    Aggregate formation in crystalline blends of α-sexithiophene and para-sexiphenyl
    Electronic Structure (IOP) 3, 034004 (2021)
  10. M. Berteau-Rainville, A. Tamayo, A. Pezeshki, I. Salzmann, M. Mas-Torrent, E. Orgiu
    Low activation energy field-effect transistors fabricated by bar-assisted meniscus shearing
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 119, 103301 (2021)
  11. G. Zhang, T. Patel, P. Nellepalli, S. Bhagat, H. Hase, A. M. Jazani, I. Salzmann, Z. Ye, J. K. Oh
    Engineered Thermoreversible Heterogeneous Self-Healable Networks Encapsulating Reactive Multi-dentate Block Copolymer-Stabilized Carbon Nanotubes
    Macromol. Rapid Commun. 42, 2000514 (2021)
  12. I. Salzmann, L. White, D. Goodleaf, T. Tajmel
    Decolonizing Light: A Project Exploring Ways to Decolonize Physics
    Physics in Canada 77, 4 (2021)
  13. J. T. Liu, H. Hase, S. Taylor, I. Salzmann, P. Forgione
    Electrostatic Interactions Shape Molecular Organization and Electronic Structure of Organic Semiconductor Blends
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 59(18), 7146-7153 (2020)
  14. G. D’Avino, S. Duhm, R. G. Della Valle, G. Heimel, M. Oehzelt, S. Kera, N. Ueno, D. Beljonne, I. Salzmann
    Electrostatic Interactions Shape Molecular Organization and Electronic Structure of Organic Semiconductor Blends
    Chemistry of Materials 32(3), 1261-1271 (2020)
  15. Q. Wang, M.-T. Chen, A. Franco-Cañellas, B. Shen, H. F. Bettinger, F. Schreiber, I. Salzmann, A. Gerlach, S. Duhm
    Impact of fluorination on interface energetics and growth of pentacene on Ag(111)
    Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 11, 1361-1370 (2020)
  16. J. Simbrunner, B. Schrode, J. Domke, T. Fritz, I. Salzmann, R. Resel
    An efficient method for indexing grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction data of epitaxially grown thin films
    Acta Crystallographica Section A 76, 345-357 (2020)
  17. J. Hu, N. Aghdassi, S. Bhagat, Y. Garmshausen, R. Wang, N. Koch, S. Hecht, S. Duhm, I. Salzmann
    Dipolar Substitution Impacts Growth and Electronic Properties of Para-Sexiphenyl Thin Films
    Advanced Materials Interfaces, 1901707 (2019)
  18. A. O. F. Jones, R. Resel, B. Schrode, E. Machado-Charry, C. Röthel, B. Kunert, I. Salzmann, E. Kontturi, D. Reishofer, S. Spirk
    Structural Order in Cellulose Thin Films Prepared from a Trimethylsilyl Precursor
    Biomacromolecules, in press (2019)
  19. J. Simbrunner, S. Hofer, B. Schrode, Y. Garmshausen, S. Hecht, R. Resel, I. Salzmann
    Indexing grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction patterns of thin films: lattices of higher symmetry
    Journal of Applied Crystallography 52, 428 (2019)
  20. V. O. Kim, K. Broch, V. Belova, Y. S. Chen, A. Gerlach, F. Schreiber, H. Tamura, R. G. Della Valle, G. D’Avino, I. Salzmann, D. Beljonne, A. Rao, R. Friend
    Singlet exciton fission via an intermolecular charge transfer state in coevaporated pentacene-perfluoropentacene thin films
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 151(16), 164706 (2019)
  21. M. T. Chen, O. T. Hofmann, A. Gerlach, B. Bröker, C. Burker, J. Niederhausen, T. Hosokai, J. Zegenhagen, A. Vollmer, R. Riegel, K. Müllen, F. Schreiber, I. Salzmann, N. Koch, E. Zojer, S. Duhm
    Energy-level alignment at strongly coupled organic-metal interfaces
    Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter 31, 194002 (2019)
  22. M. Ralaiarisoa, Y. Rodríguez, I. Salzmann, L. Vaillant, N. Koch
    Impact of solvent exposure on the structure and electronic properties of CH3NH3PbI3−xClx mixed halide perovskite films
    Applied Physics A 125, 470 (2019)
  23. H. Hase, K. O’Neill, J. Frisch, A. Opitz, N. Koch, I. Salzmann
    Unraveling the Microstructure of Molecularly Doped Poly(3-hexylthiophene) by Thermally Induced Dedoping
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 122, 25893-25899 (2018)
  24. M. Ralaiarisoa, I. Salzmann, F.-S. Zu, N. Koch
    Effect of Water, Oxygen, and Air Exposure on CH3NH3PbI3–xClx Perovskite Surface Electronic Properties
    Advanced Electronic Materials 4, 1800307 (2018)
  25. J. Simbrunner, C. Simbrunner, B. Schrode, C. Röthel, N. Bedoya-Martinez, I. Salzmann, R. Resel
    Indexing of grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction patterns: the case of fibre-textured thin films
    Acta Crystallographica A 74, 373-387 (2018)
  26. R.G. Simões, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, C. Röthel, Y.H. Geerts
    Stabilization of the Metastable Form I of Piracetam by Crystallization on Silicon Oxide Surfaces
    Crystal Growth & Design 18, 4123-4129 (2018)
  27. C. Müller, I. Salzmann
    MRS Fall 2017 Symposium: Organic Semiconductors—Surface, Interface, Bulk Doping, and Charge Transport
    Chemistry of Materials 30, 3151-3154 (2018)
  28. T. Tajmel, I. Salzmann
    Metal Matters—Towards the Omnipresence of Metal in Education
    MRS Advances 3, 651-655 (2018)
  29. B. Chattopadhyay, L. Jacobs, P. Panini, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, Y.H. Geerts
    Accessing Phase-Pure and Stable Acetaminophen Polymorphs by Thermal Gradient Crystallization.

    Crystal Growth and Design 18, 1272-1277 (2018)
  30. O. T. Hofmann, H. Glowatzki, C. Bürker, G. M. Rangger, B. Bröker, J. Niederhausen, T. Hosokai, I. Salzmann, R.-P. Blum, R. Rieger, A. Vollmer, P. Rajput, A. Gerlach, K. Müllen, F. Schreiber, E. Zojer, N. Koch, S. Duhm
    Orientation-Dependent Work-Function Modification Using Substituted Pyrene-Based Acceptors.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121, 24657 (2017)
  31. F.-S. Zu, P. Amsalem, I. Salzmann, R.-B. Wang, M. Ralaiarisoa, S. Kowarik, S. Duhm, N. Koch
    Impact of White Light Illumination on the Electronic and Chemical Structures of Mixed Halide and Single Crystal Perovskites.
    Advanced Optical Materials 5, 1700139 (2017)
  32. T. Tajmel, I. Salzmann
    From Stage to Classroom – the Transfer of Knowledge through the Festival “Science on Stage”.
    MRS Advances 2, 1643-1649 (2017)
  33. S. Pachmajer, A.O.F. Jones, M. Truger, C. Röthel, I. Salzmann, O. Werzer, R. Resel
    Self-Limited Growth in Pentacene Thin Films.
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, 11977 (2017)
  34. A.O.F. Jones, C. Röthel, R. Lassnig, O.N. Bedoya-Martinez, P. Christian, I. Salzmann, B. Kunert, A. Winkler
    Solution of an elusive pigment crystal structure from a thin film: a combined X-ray diffraction and computational study.
    CrystEngComm 19, 1902 (2017)
  35. M. Dohr, H.M.A. Ehmann, A.O.F. Jones, I. Salzmann, Q. Shen, C. Teichert, C. Ruzie, G. Schweicher, Y. H. Geerts, R. Resel, M. Sferrazza, O. Werzer
    Reversibility of temperature driven discrete layer-by-layer formation of dioctyl-benzothieno-benzothiophene films.
    Soft Matter 13, 2322 (2017)
  36. M. Ralaiarisoa, Y. Busby, J. Frisch, I. Salzmann, J.-J. Pireaux, N. Koch
    Correlation of annealing time with crystal structure, composition, and electronic properties of CH3NH3PbI3-xClx mixed-halide perovskite films.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 19, 828 (2017)
  37. I. Salzmann, G. Heimel, M. Oehzelt, S. Winkler, N. Koch
    Molecular Electrical Doping of Organic Semiconductors: Fundamental Mechanisms and Emerging Dopant Design Rules.
    Accounts of Chemical Research 49, 370 (2016)
  38. A. Yang, A. Franco-Cañellas, M. Sato, B. Wang, R.-B. Wang, H. Koike, I. Salzmann, P. K. Thakur, T.-L. Lee, L. Liu, S. Kera, A. Gerlach, K. Kanai, J. Fan, F. Schreiber, S. Duhm
    Nitrogen substitution impacts organic-metal interface energetics.
    Physical Review B 94, 155426 (2016)
  39. R. Resel, M. Bainschab, A. Pichler, T. Dingemans, C. Simbrunner, J. Stangl, I. Salzmann
    Multiple scattering in grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction: impact on lattice-constant determination in thin films.
    Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 23, 729 (2016)
  40. P. Christian, C. Röthel, M. Tazreiter, A. Zimmer, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, O. Werzer
    Crystallization of Carbamazepine in Proximity to Its Precursor Iminostilbene and a Silica Surface.
    Crystal Growth & Design 16, 2771 (2016)
  41. M. Truger, O. M. Roscioni, C. Röthel, D. Kriegner, C. Simbrunner, R. Ahmed, E.D. Głowacki, J. Simbrunner, I. Salzmann, A.M. Coclite, A.O.F. Jones, R. Resel
    Surface-Induced Phase of Tyrian Purple (6,6′-Dibromoindigo): Thin Film Formation and Stability.
    Crystal Growth & Design 16, 3647 (2016)
  42. O. Kettner, A. Pein, G. Trimmel, P. Christian, C. Röthel, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, G. Lakhwani, F. Lombeck, M. Sommer, B. Friedel
    Mixed side-chain geometries for aggregation control of poly(fluorene-alt-bithiophene) and their effects on photophysics and charge transport.
    Synthetic Metals 220, 162 (2016)
  43. M. Truger, A.O.F. Jones, A.M. Coclite, S. Pachmajer, D. Kriegner, C. Röthel, J. Simbrunner, I. Salzmann, R. Resel
    Crystallization of Tyrian purple (6,6 '-dibromoindigo) thin films: The impact of substrate surface modifications.
    Journal of Crystal Growth 447, 73 (2016)
  44. H. Méndez, G. Heimel, S. Winkler, J. Frisch, A. Opitz, K. Sauer, B. Wegner, M. Oehzelt, C. Röthel, S. Duhm, D. Többens, N. Koch, I. Salzmann
    Charge-transfer crystallites as molecular electrical dopants.
    Nature Communications 6, 8560 (2015)
  45. I. Salzmann, G. Heimel
    Towards a comprehensive understanding of molecular doping organic semiconductors (Review).
    Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 204, 208 (2015)
  46. S. Yu, J. Frisch, A. Opitz, E. Cohen, M. Bendikov, N. Koch, I. Salzmann
    Effect of molecular electrical doping on polyfuran based photovoltaic cells.
    Applied Physics Letters 106, 203301 (2015)
  47. D. Reischl, C. Röthel, P. Christian, E. Roblegg, H.M.A. Ehmann, I. Salzmann, O. Werzer
    Surface-Induced Polymorphism as a Tool for Enhanced Dissolution: The Example of Phenytoin.
    Crystal Growth & Design 15, 4687 (2015)
  48. C. Musumeci, I. Salzmann, S. Bonacchi, C. Röthel, S. Duhm, N. Koch, P. Samorì
    Relationship between Structural and Electrical Characteristics in Perylenecarboxydiimide-Based Nanoarchitecture.
    Advanced Functional Materials 25, 2501 (2015)
  49. B. Scherwitzl, C. Röthel, A.O.F. Jones, B. Kunert, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, G. Leising, A. Winkler
    Idiosyncrasies of Physical Vapor Deposition Processes from Various Knudsen Cells for Quinacridone Thin Film Growth on Silicon Dioxide.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119, 20900 (2015)
  50. F. Ghani, A. Opitz, P. Pingel, G. Heimel, I. Salzmann, D. Neher, A. Tsami, U. Scherf, N. Koch
    Charge transfer and conductivity increase in molecularly doped thiophene-based copolymers.
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics 53, 58 (2015)
  51. S. Yu, A. Opitz, S. Grob, R. Resel, M. Oehzelt, W. Brütting, I. Salzmann, N. Koch
    Performance enhancement of diindenoperylene-based organic photovoltaic cells by nanocolumn-arrays.
    Organic Electronics 15, 2210 (2014)
  52. A. Pichler, R. Resel, A. Neuhold, T. Dingemans, G. Schwabegger, M. Moret, C. Simbrunner, I. Salzmann
    Crystal Structure Determination of Organic Thin-Films: The Example of 2,2’:6’,2”-ternaphtalene.
    Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (Crystalline Materials) 229, 385 (2014)
  53. H. Wang, P. Amsalem, G. Heimel, I. Salzmann, N. Koch, M. Oehzelt
    Band-bending in organic semiconductors: the role of alkali-halide interlayers.
    Advanced Materials 26, 925 (2014)
  54. G. Heimel, S. Duhm, I. Salzmann, A. Gerlach, A. Strozecka, J. Niederhausen, C. Bürker, T. Hosokai, I. Fernandez Torrente, G. Schulze, S. Winkler, A. Wilke, R. Schlesinger, J. Frisch, B. Bröker, A. Vollmer, B. Detlefs, J. Pflaum, S. Kera, K.J. Franke, N. Ueno, J.I. Pascual, F. Schreiber, N. Koch
    Charged and metallic molecular monolayers through surface-induced aromatic stabilization.
    Nature Chemistry 5, 187 (2013)
  55. G. Lu, J. Blakesley, S. Himmelberger, P. Pingel, J. Frisch, I. Lieberwirth, I. Salzmann, M. Oehzelt, R. Di Pietro, A. Salleo, N. Koch, D. Neher
    Moderate doping leads to high performance of semiconductor/insulator polymer blend transistors.
    Nature Communications 4, 1588 (2013)
  56. H. Méndez, G. Heimel, A. Opitz, K. Sauer, P. Barkowski, M. Oehzelt, J. Soeda, T. Okamoto, J. Takeya, J.-B. Arlin, J.-Y. Balandier, Y. Geerts, N. Koch, I. Salzmann
    Organic Semiconductor Doping: Impact of Dopant Strength and Electronic Coupling.
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 52 (VIP), 7751 (2013)
  57. S. Duhm, C. Bürker, J. Niederhausen, I. Salzmann, S. Kera, F. Schreiber, N. Koch, N. Ueno, A. Gerlach
    Pentacene on Ag(111): Correlation of bonding distance with intermolecular interaction and order.
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 5, 9377 (2013)
  58. G. Schwabegger, M. Oehzelt, I. Salzmann, F. Quochi, M. Saba, A. Mura, G. Bongiovanni, A. Vollmer, N. Koch, H. Sitter, C. Simbrunner
    Interface properties of organic para-hexaphenyl / α-sexithiophene hetero-structures deposited on HOPG.
    Langmuir 29, 14444 (2013)
  59. A. Moser, I. Salzmann, M. Oehzelt, A. Neuhold, H. Flesch, J. Ivanco, S. Pop, T. Toader, D. Zahn, D. Smilgies, R. Resel
    A Disordered Layered Phase in Thin Films of Sexithiophene.
    Chemical Physics Letters 574, 51 (2013)
  60. A. Ringk, W.S. Christian Roelofs, E.C.P. Smits, C. van der Marel, I. Salzmann, A. Neuhold, G.H. Gelinck, R. Resel, D.M. de Leeuw, P. Strohriegl
    N-Type self-assembled monolayer field-effect transistors for flexible organic electronics.
    Organic Electronics 14, 1297 (2013)
  61. V. Scenev, P. Cosseddu, A. Bonfiglio, N. Severin, I. Salzmann, M. Oehzelt, N. Koch, J.P. Rabe
    Origin of mechanical strain sensitivity of pentacene thin-film transistors.
    Organic Electronics 14, 1323 (2013)
  62. M. Dohr, O. Werzer, Q. Shen, I. Salzmann, C. Teichert, C. Ruzié, G. Schweicher, Y. Geerts, M. Sferrazza, R. Resel
    Dynamics of monolayer – multilayer transitions in 2,7-dioctyl-benzothieno-benzthiophene thin films.
    ChemPhysChem 14, 2554 (2013)
  63. I. Salzmann, G. Heimel, S. Duhm, M. Oehzelt, P. Pingel, B. George, A. Schnegg, K. Lips, R.P. Blum, A. Vollmer, N. Koch
    Intermolecular Hybridization Governs Molecular Electrical Doping.
    Physical Review Letters 108, 035502 (2012)
  64. I. Salzmann, A. Moser, M. Oehzelt, T. Breuer, X. Feng, Z.-Y. Juang, D. Nabok, R.G. Della Valle, S. Duhm,G. Heimel, A. Brillante, E. Venuti, C. Christodoulou, J. Frisch, P. Puschnig, C. Draxl, G. Witte, K. Müllen, N. Koch
    Epitaxial Growth of π-Stacked Perfluoropentacene on Graphene-Coated Quartz.
    ACS Nano, 6 (2012) 10874-10883.
  65. M. Defaux, F. Gholamrezaie, J. Wang, A. Kreyes, U. Ziener, D. Anokhin, D.A. Ivanov, A. Moser, A. Neuhold, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, D.M. De Leeuw, S.C.J. Meskers, M. Moeller, A. Mourran
    Solution-Processable Septithiophene Monolayer Transistor.
    Advanced Materials 24, 973 (2012)
  66. C. Simbrunner, G. Hernandez-Sosa, F. Quochi, G. Schwabegger, C. Botta, M. Oehzelt, I. Salzmann, T. Djuric, A. Neuhold, R. Resel, M. Saba, A. Mura, G. Bongiovanni, A. Vollmer, N. Koch, H. Sitter
    Color Tuning of Nanofibers by Periodic Organic-Organic Hetero-Epitaxy.
    ACS Nano, 6, 4629-4638 (2012)
  67. M. Neuschitzer, A. Moser, A. Neuhold, J. Kraxner, B. Stadlober, M. Oehzelt, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, J. Novak
    Grazing-incidence in-plane X-ray diffraction on ultra-thin organic films using standard laboratory equipment.
    Journal of Applied Crystallography 45, 367 (2012)
  68. T. Mohan, S. Spirk, R. Kargl, A. Doliska, A. Vesel, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, V. Ribitsch, K. Stana-Kleinschek
    Exploring the rearrangement of amorphous cellulose model thin films upon heat treatment.
    Soft Matter 8, 9807 (2012)
  69. B. Wedl, R. Resel, G. Leising, B. Kunert, I. Salzmann, M. Oehzelt, N. Koch, A. Vollmer, S. Duhm, O. Werzer, G. Gbabode, M. Sferrazza, Y. Geerts
    Crystallisation kinetics in thin films of dihexyl-terthiophene: the appearance of polymorphic phases.
    RSC Advances 2, 4404 (2012)
  70. S. Fladischer, A. Neuhold, E. Kraker, T. Haber, B. Lamprecht, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, W. Grogger
    Diffusion of Ag into Organic Semiconducting Materials: A Combined Analytical Study Using Transmission Electron Microscopy and X-ray Reflectivity.
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 4, 5608 (2012)
  71. G. Heimel, I. Salzmann, N. Koch [Review]
    On the fundamental processes in molecular electrical doping of organic semiconductors.
    AIP Conference Proceedings 1456, 148 (2012)
  72. C. Simbrunner, D. Nabok, G. Hernandez-Sosa, M. Oehzelt, T. Djuric, R. Resel, L. Romaner, P. Puschnig C. Ambrosch-Draxl, I. Salzmann, G. Schwabegger, I. Watzinger, H. Sitter
    Epitaxy of Rodlike Organic Molecules on Sheet Silicates-A Growth Model Based on Experiments and Simulations.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 133, 3056 (2011)
  73. C. Simbrunner, G. Hernandez-Sosa, M. Oehzelt, T. Djuric, I. Salzmann, M. Brinkmann, G. Schwabegger, I. Watzinger, H. Sitter, R. Resel
    Epitaxial growth of sexithiophene on mica surfaces.
    Physical Review B 83, 115443 (2011)
  74. I. Salzmann, D. Nabok, M. Oehzelt, S. Duhm, A. Moser, G. Heimel, P. Puschnig, C. Ambrosch-Draxl, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    Structure Solution of the 6,13-Pentacenequinone Surface-Induced Polymorph by Combining X-ray Diffraction Reciprocal-Space Mapping and Theoretical Structure Modeling.
    Crystal Growth & Design 11, 600 (2011)
  75. G. Heimel, I. Salzmann, S. Duhm, N. Koch [Review]
    Design of Organic Semiconductors from Molecular Electrostatics.
    Chemistry of Materials 23, 359 (2011)
  76. T. Breuer, I. Salzmann, J. Götzen, M. Oehzelt, A. Morherr, N. Koch, G. Witte
    Interrelation between Substrate Roughness and Thin-Film Structure of Functionalized Acenes on Graphite.
    Crystal Growth & Design 11, 4996 (2011)
  77. J.O. Vogel, I. Salzmann, S. Duhm, M. Oehzelt, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    Phase-separation and mixing in thin films of co-deposited rod-like conjugated molecules.
    Journal of Materials Chemistry 20, 4055 (2010)
  78. A. Opitz, J. Wagner, W. Brutting, I. Salzmann, N. Koch, J. Manara, J. Pflaum, A. Hinderhofer, F. Schreiber
    Charge Separation at Molecular Donor-Acceptor Interfaces: Correlation Between Morphology and Solar Cell Performance.
    IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 16, 1707 (2010)
  79. P. Frank, T. Djuric, M. Koini, I. Salzmann, R. Rieger, K. Müllen, R. Resel, N. Koch, A. Winkler
    Layer Growth, Thermal Stability, and Desorption Behavior of Hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile on Ag(111).
    Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114, 6650 (2010)
  80. S. Duhm, S. Hosoumi, I. Salzmann, A. Gerlach, M. Oehzelt, B. Wedl, T.L. Lee, F. Schreiber, N. Koch, N. Ueno, S. Kera
    Influence of intramolecular polar bonds on interface energetics in perfluoro-pentacene on Ag(111).
    Physical Review B 81, 045418 (2010)
  81. J. Zhang, I. Salzmann, P. Schäfer, M. Oehzelt, S. Duhm, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    The morphology of organic nanocolumn arrays: Amorphous versus crystalline solids.
    Journal of Materials Research 24, 1492 (2009)
  82. G. Heimel, I. Salzmann, S. Duhm, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    Intrinsic Surface Dipoles Control the Energy Levels of Conjugated Polymers.
    Advanced Functional Materials 19, 3874 (2009)
  83. S. Duhm, I. Salzmann, R.L. Johnson, N. Koch
    Electronic non-equilibrium conditions at C60-pentacene heterostructures.
    Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 174, 40 (2009)
  84. S. Duhm, I. Salzmann, G. Heimel, M. Oehzelt, A. Haase, R.L. Johnson, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    Controlling energy level offsets in organic/organic heterostructures using intramolecular polar bonds.
    Applied Physics Letters 94, 033304 (2009)
  85. S. Duhm, I. Salzmann, B. Bröker, H. Glowatzki, R.L. Johnson, N. Koch
    Interdiffusion of molecular acceptors through organic layers to metal substrates mimics doping-related energy level shifts.
    Applied Physics Letters 95, 093305 (2009)
  86. M. Castellani, I. Salzmann, P. Bugnon, S.W. Yu, M. Oehzelt, N. Koch
    Structural and electronic implications for carrier injection into organic semiconductors.
    Applied Physics A 97, 1 (2009)
  87. I. Salzmann, S. Duhm, G. Heimel, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch, M. Oehzelt, Y. Sakamoto, T. Suzuki
    Structural order in perfluoropentacene thin films and heterostructures with pentacene.
    Langmuir 24, 7294 (2008)
  88. I. Salzmann, S. Duhm, R. Opitz, R.L. Johnson, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    Structural and electronic properties of pentacene-fullerene heterojunctions.
    Journal of Applied Physics 104, 114518 (2008)
  89. I. Salzmann, S. Duhm, G. Heimel, M. Oehzelt, R. Kniprath, R.L. Johnson, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    Tuning the ionization energy of organic semiconductor films: The role of intramolecular polar bonds.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 130, 12870 (2008)
  90. S. Duhm, I. Salzmann, N. Koch, H. Fukagawa, T. Kataoka, S. Hosoumi, K. Nebashi, S. Kera, N. Ueno
    Vacuum sublimed alpha,omega-dihexylsexithiophene thin films: Correlating electronic structure andmolecular orientation.
    Journal of Applied Physics 104, 033717 (2008)
  91. S. Duhm, G. Heimel, I. Salzmann, H. Glowatzki, R.L. Johnson, A. Vollmer, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    Orientation-dependent ionization energies and interface dipoles in ordered molecular assemblies.
    Nature Materials 7, 326 (2008)
  92. S. Duhm, A. Gerlach, I. Salzmann, B. Bröker, R.L. Johnson, F. Schreiber, N. Koch
    PTCDA on Au(111), Ag(111) and Cu(111): Correlation of interface charge transfer to bonding distance.
    Organic Electronics 9, 111 (2008)
  93. P. Cosseddu, A. Bonfiglio, I. Salzmann, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    Ambipolar transport in transparent and flexible all-organic heterojunction field effect transistors at ambientconditions.
    Organic Electronics 9, 191 (2008)
  94. J. Zhang, I. Salzmann, S. Rogaschewski, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch, F.J. Zhang, Z. Xu
    Arrays of crystalline C-60 and pentacene nanocolumns.
    Applied Physics Letters 90, 193117 (2007)
  95. J. O. Vogel, I. Salzmann, R. Opitz, S. Duhm, B. Nickel, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    Sub-nanometer control of the interlayer spacing in thin films of intercalated rodlike conjugated molecules.
    Journal of Physical Chemistry B 111, 14097 (2007)
  96. I. Salzmann, R. Opitz, S. Rogaschewski, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch, B. Nickel
    Phase separtion in vacuum codeposited pentacene/6,13-pentacenequinone thin films.
    Physical Review B 75, 174108 (2007)
  97. I. Salzmann, S. Duhm, R. Opitz, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    Impact of low 6,13-pentacenequinone concentration on pentacene thin film growth.
    Applied Physics Letters 91, 051919 (2007)
  98. A. Vollmer, H. Weiss, S. Rentenberger, I. Salzmann, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    The interaction of oxygen and ozone with pentacene.
    Surface Science 600, 4004 (2006)
  99. N. Koch, A. Vollmer, I. Salzmann, B. Nickel, H. Weiss, J.P. Rabe
    Evidence for temperature-dependent electron band dispersion in pentacene.
    Physical Review Letters 96, 156803 (2006)
  100. N. Koch, I. Salzmann, R.L. Johnson, J. Pflaum, R. Friedlein, J.P. Rabe
    Molecular orientation dependent energy levels at interfaces with pentacene and pentacenequinone.
    Organic Electronics 7, 537 (2006)
  101. A. Vollmer, O. D. Jurchescu, I. Arfaoui, I. Salzmann, T.T.M. Palstra, P. Rudolf, J. Niemax, J. Pflaum, J.P. Rabe, N. Koch
    The effect of oxygen exposure on pentacene electronic structure.
    European Physical Journal E 17, 339 (2005)
  102. B. Winter, J. Ivanco, F.P. Netzer, M. G. Ramsey, I. Salzmann, R. Resel
    Epitaxial growth of sexiphenyl on Al(111): From monolayer to crystalline films.
    Langmuir 20, 7512 (2004)
  103. I. Salzmann, R. Resel
    STEREOPOLE: software for the analysis of X-ray diffraction pole figures with IDL.
    Journal of Applied Crystallography 37, 1029 (2004)
  104. R. Resel, I. Salzmann, G. Hlawacek, C. Teichert, B. Koppelhuber, B. Winter, J. R. Krenn, J. Ivanco, M. Ramsey
    Structure and morphology of sexiphenyl thin films grown on aluminium (111).
    Organic Electronics 5, 45 (2004).
  105. S. Müllegger, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, G. Hlawacek, C. Teichert, A. Winkler
    Growth kinetics, structure, and morphology of para-quaterphenyl thin films on gold(111).
    Journal of Chemical Physics 121, 2272 (2004)
  106. S. Müllegger, I. Salzmann, R. Resel, A. Winkler
    Epitaxial growth of quaterphenyl thin films on gold(111).
    Applied Physics Letters 83, 4536 (2003)

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