Concordia University

Norman Ingram, MA, PhD, FRHistS

On sabbatical leave, 2016-2017.

Office: S-LB 1033 
J.W. McConnell Building,
1400 De Maisonneuve W.
Phone: (514) 848-2424 ext. 2436

I took my B.A. Hons. in History and French at the University of Alberta in 1981.  My interests in history were initially primarily British and German; I wrote my honours thesis on “The German-Russian Trade Treaty of 1894”, using a wide selection of published German diplomatic documents, and sat three comprehensive examination papers in modern British history (1485-1960) in my final year. 

The following year I took my M.A. at the University of Toronto, writing a research essay entitled “Romain Rolland, Interwar Pacifism, and the Problem of Peace.”  A few years later, this became my first major publication, albeit greatly reduced in size to a chapter in a book published in the United States.

The year at Toronto was pivotal in other ways for my future development as an historian.  Not only did my interests in history and French literature come together, but my approach to history changed completely.  Whereas until this point my interests had lain in fairly traditional diplomatic history, now they were focused on the history of the margins, and specifically on the nature of pacifism in interwar France.  I was intrigued by the complete dearth of studies on French pacifism.  Perhaps the French really were different.  My M.A. seemed to indicate that they were not. 

This preliminary impression was more than confirmed the following year when I began my Ph.D. at the University of Edinburgh as a Commonwealth Scholar in Modern European History under the supervision of Professor Maurice Larkin.  An initial four-month research trip to Paris in my first year at Edinburgh demonstrated the existence of a huge variety of sources on French pacifism which had never been used by historians.  I had stumbled, almost by accident, on the perfect Ph.D. topic, one that was quite literally virgin territory.  I returned to Paris for two full years of research, and then began the writing up process.  Within four months of my Ph.D. viva in February 1988, my Ph.D. thesis had been accepted for publication by the Clarendon Press, the academic imprint of Oxford University Press. 

I came back to Canada to take up a Killam Post-Doctoral Fellowship and subsequently a Canada Research Fellowship at the University of Alberta from 1988 until 1992, at which point I was appointed to the History Department at Concordia. I served as Graduate Programme Director in the department from 1999-2002, and was an Adjunct Professor of History at McGill from 2000-2010.  From 2000-2003 I was a member of the editorial board of French Historical Studies. In 2010 I was elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society in the United Kingdom.


B.A. University of Alberta, M.A. University of Toronto, Ph.D. University of Edinburgh

Selected awards

2017:        Visiting Fellow, Magdalen College, Oxford (1 January-31 March)
                 Visiting Fellow, Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities,   University of Edinburgh (1 April-30 June)                    

Elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society in the United Kingdom.

2009:        Dean's Award for Excellence in Teaching.

2009:        Visiting Fellowship, Martinmas (Autumn) Term, Centre for French History and Culture, School of History, University of St. Andrews, Scotland.

2004 - 2008: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)   Standard Research Grant ($60,00).

2001:       Concordia Council on Student Life Merit Award.

1993-1997:  Fonds pour la Formation de Chercheurs et l'Aide à la Recherche (FCAR)     Subvention de recherche, Programme d'établissement de nouveaux chercheurs ($47,223 over three years, extended into fourth year.

1991-1995:  Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRCC) Research Grant ($49,000 over three years, extended into fourth year).

Teaching activities


I am on sabbatical leave for the 2016-2017 academic year.

Research activities

Current research

I am finishing a book manuscript which is entitled "Eyes Across the Rhine: the Ligue des droits de l'homme and the German Problem, 1914-1944".  Research for this project was funded by an SSHRC research grant.



The Politics of Dissent: Pacifism in France, 1919-1939. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991), 366pp.

Edited collections

Pacifism and the Peace Movement in France.  Special number of French History 18, 3 (September 2004).

Articles and book chapters

"The Enduring Legacy of 1914: Historical Dissent, the Ligue des droits de l’homme, and the Origins of Pacifisme nouveau style”, in Synergies: Royaume Uni/Irlande no. 4 (2011), pp. 85-94.

 “La Ligue des droits de l’homme et le problème allemand”, Revue d’histoire diplomatique 124, 2 (June 2010), pp. 119-131.

 “A la Recherche d’une guerre gagnée: the Ligue des droits de l’homme and the War Guilt Question (1918-1922), French History 24, 2 (June 2010), pp. 218-235. 

 “Romain Rolland”, in Nigel Young, ed., The Oxford International Encylopedia of Peace (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).

"Selbstmord or Euthanasia?  Who Killed the Ligue des droits de l'homme?", in French History 22, 3 (September 2008), pp. 337-357.

"Qui a tué la Ligue des droits de l'homme? La LDH, les nazis et la chute de la France en 1940," in Emmanuel Naquet and Gilles Manceron, Être Dreyfusard, hier et aujourd'hui (Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2009).

"Gender and the Politics of Pacifism: Feminist Pacifism and the Case of the French Section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom," in Eva Schöck-Quinteros, Anja Schüler, Annika Wilmers and Kerstin R. Wolff, eds., Politische Netzwerkerinnen: Internationale Zusammenarbeit von Frauen, 1830-1960 (Berlin: Trafo Verlag, 2007), pp. 267-285.

"Les Pacifistes et Aristide Briand," in Jacques Bariéty, ed., Aristide Briand, la Société des Nations et l'Europe, 1919-1932. Préface de Jean-Robert Pitte, Président de l'Université Paris-IV-Sorbonne, (Strasbourg: Presses Universitaires de Strasbourg, 2007), pp. 200-213.

"Pacifism and the Ligue des droits de l'homme," in Joel Blatt, ed., "Roundtable" on William Irvine, Between Justice and Politics: the Ligue des droits de l'homme, 1898-1945 (Stanford University Press, 2007) in H-Diplo Roundtable Reviews, vol. VIII, no. 11 (2007), pp. 25-29.  

“Pacifism” in The Columbia History of Twentieth-Century French Thought, ed. by Lawrence D. Kritzman. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006).

“Le Pacifisme de guerre: refus de l’Union sacrée et de la synthèse républicain?”in Rémy Cazals, Emmanuelle Picard, and Denis Rolland, eds., La Grande Guerre: pratiques et expériences (Toulouse: Editions Privat, 2005), pp. 77-86.

“Repressed Memory Syndrome: Interwar French Pacifism and the Attempt to Recover France’s Pacifist Past,” in French History 18, 3 (September 2004), pp. 315-330.

“Introduction” to the Special Number of French History on “Pacifism and the Peace Movement in France,” for which I was the Guest Editor, in French History 18, 3 (September 2004), pp. 253-55.

“‘Nous allons vers les monastères’: French Pacifism and the Crisis of the Second World War” in Martin S. Alexander and Kenneth Mouré, eds., Crisis and Renewal in Twentieth Century France (Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2002), pp. 132-151.

“Defending the Rights of Man: the Ligue des droits de l’homme and the Problem of Peace” in Peter Brock and Thomas Socknat, eds., Challenge to Mars: Essays on Pacifism from 1918 to 1945 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999), pp. 117-133.

“Ambivalence in the Post-World War II French Peace Movement” in Harvey L. Dyck, ed., The Pacifist Impulse in Historical Perspective (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996), pp. 397-412.

“Pacifism and the Liberation” in Roderick Kedward and Nancy Wood, eds., The Liberation of France: Image and Event  (Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1995), pp. 209-23.

“Rolling the Rock of Sisyphus: Peace Movements, Militarism, and Changes in the European Mentality in the Twentieth-Century” in Claude Morin, ed., Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Historical Sciences/Actes du XVIIIe Congrès international des sciences historiques.(Montréal: Comité international des sciences historiques, 1995), pp. 492-94.

“L’Envers de l’entre-deux-guerres en France, ou à la recherche d’un passé pacifiste”, in Maurice Vaisse, ed., Le Pacifisme en Europe des années 1920 aux années 1950. (Brussels: Editions Bruylant, 1993), pp. 17-42.

“Pacifisme ancien style, ou le Pacifisme de l’Association de la paix par le droit”, in Matériaux pour l’histoire de notre temps , no. 30 (January - March 1993), pp. 2-5. (No. spécial sur le pacifisme préfacé par René Rémond).

“The Circulaire Chautemps, 1933: The Third Republic Discovers Conscientious Objection”, in French Historical Studies 17, 2 (Fall 1991), pp. 387-409.

Ni droite, ni gauche? ... Or pacifism versus antifascism in late interwar France” in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History, Vol. 17 (1990), 472-80.

“Romain Rolland, Interwar Pacifism and the Problem of Peace”, in Charles Chatfield and Peter van den Dungen, eds. Peace Movements and Political Cultures. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1988), pp.143-164.

Participation activities

Recent conference papers and lectures


23 February:  Invited lecture given in the School of History and the Centre for the study of the Two World Wars, University of Edinburgh.  Title: “Nazi Germany and  British ‘Pacifism’, 1933-1937”.

24 February:  Invited paper read to a research seminar at the University of Dundee, Scotland.  Title: “Nazi Germany and British ‘Pacifism’, 1933-1937”.


30 April: Invited paper read to a Workshop on “Cultures de la guerre froide: repenser l’histoire européenne, 1946/47-1989/90” at the Centre canadien d’études allemandes et européennes, Université de Montréal.  Paper title: “Cold War Worries, Old World Fears: French Pacifism in the Early Cold War”.

8-11 April: Paper read to the 56th Annual Meeting of the Society for French Historical Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona.  Paper title: “Human Rights and the Legacy of 1914: the Ligue des droits de l’homme and the Question of Conscientious Objection”.  This was part of a session I organised entitled “Les Fleurs du Mal: The Enduring Legacy of 1914”.

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