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Before class: 

  • Arrive prepared; look over the chapter before you go to get the main ideas and learn some of the new topic-specific vocabulary
  • Arrive at least 10 minutes early for each lesson; you need every advantage you can get  
  • If it is an in-person class, sit at the front so you can hear and see better and try to meet the students sitting near you at the front
  • If it is an online class, arrive 10 minutes early and try to strike up a conversation with the other students on Zoom
  • If the professor seems to invite student questions, prepare one or two that you can ask
  • If the prof sends PowerPoint slides before the class, make sure to read them before the lecture; look up any unknown main concepts

During class:

  • DO NOT try to write down everything; you are there to make decisions about what is important. 
  • DO NOT try to write in full sentences just write main ideas and key words.
  • DO NOT record the lesson; you will never learn to take proper notes and you will spend all of your time listening to lectures twice! Get as much information as you can the first time,
  • If you miss something that you are certain is very important, leave a space and fill it in after class: ask another student, check the reading text and the prof’s PowerPoint slides, see the teacher or the TA.
  • Pay attention to questions that the professor asks the class. Listen to class discussions.
  • Involving students and to the professor's response; you can take short notes about the questions and the answers.
  • If you hear an important word that you don't know, write it down phonetically, as it sounds, and ask about it after class.
  • Remember the students you met during the 10 minutes before the class started?  Now is the time consult with them.  During the break or after the class ask them about the information you missed.  They may have missed it too!  Perhaps you can ask them if they would like to form a study group. Try to get their contact information.

After class:

  • As soon as you can, read over all of your notes and organize the details.  Fill in any missing ideas and find the main ideas 
  • Consult your classmate(s) / study group. 
  • Use the professor or TA’s office hours to ask for extra help; they are waiting to meet you!

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