When studying for a doctoral degree (PhD), candidates submit a thesis that provides a critical review of the current state of knowledge of the thesis subject as well as the student’s own contributions to the subject. The distinguishing criterion of doctoral graduate research is a significant and original contribution to knowledge.
Once accepted, the candidate presents the thesis orally. This oral exam is open to the public.
As urbanization and population growth have increased over the past decade, more constructions have been built in urban areas to form large metropolitans. Researchers are paying more attention to the link between human activities and the immediate surroundings – urban microclimate – in order to improve the quality of life and minimize adverse impacts on the environment and climate. This thesis focuses on the urban microclimate and its impact on outdoor thermal comfort and building energy performance. This study will start a comprehensive literature review presenting the latest progress in urban microclimate research on urban wind and thermal environment, covering traditional methods, including field measurements, wind tunnel modeling, and CFD simulations, as well as emerging methods, such as artificial intelligence or data-driven models. Then this thesis will present the simulation and validation for urban microclimate, then evaluate the short-term and long-term impacts.
For the short-term, this research studies how urban configuration affects the urban microclimate and outdoor thermal comfort. In the present work, temperature distribution at three different urban areas will be simulated over two subsequent days during a summer heatwave in 2013 in Montreal, Canada. The impact of different building configurations on the flow pattern will be investigated. What’s more, thermal comfort and the impact of heatwaves on the human body will be considered by humidex (humidity index). The results show that this model is capable of estimating local microclimate. The outdoor thermal comfort based on humidex in three regions during the summer heatwave is analyzed in this study.
An artificial neural network (ANN) model is also presented in this study to predict urban microclimates based on long-term measurements from local weather stations near urban buildings and their significance in analyzing building energy consumption. The ANN model could connect local and remote meteorological parameters for a whole year. The 20-year historical weather data at the airport was then used to generate a local TMY. Based on the original and local TMYs, this study compared building heating and cooling loads. This method was evaluated for five weather stations within the city of Montreal to assess the impact of the local microclimate on the energy consumption of buildings.
This study underscores the crucial role of urban microclimate in building energy consumption through both short-term and long-term evaluations. Accurate prediction of local weather conditions around buildings is essential within urban microclimates. The research introduces a pioneering approach using an artificial neural network model for predicting microclimate parameters based on extensive onsite measurements, emphasizing its significance in building energy analysis.