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See Dr. Natalie Phillips' complete CV

Browse through her Google Scholar profile.

Dr. Natalie Phillips is a senior and/or corresponding author on the publications in which her name appears in bold

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Al-Yawer, F., Pichora‐Fuller, M. K., Wittich, W., Mick, P. T., Giroud, N., Rehan, S., & Phillips, N. A. (2023). Sex-specific interactions between hearing and memory in older adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Findings from the COMPASS-ND study.  Ear and Hearing, DOI:

Phillips, N. A., Isler, L., Kabir, R., Hämäläinen, A., Wittich, W., Pichora-Fuller, M. K., and Mick, P. (2022).  Hearing and visual acuity predict cognitive function in adults aged 45-85 years Findings from the baseline wave of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA).  Psychology and Aging. 37(8), 891–912.

Reavis, K., Bisgaard, N., Canlon, B., Dubno, J., Frisina, R. D., Hertzano, R., Humes, L. E., Mick, P., Mong, J. A., Phillips, N. A., Pichora-Fuller, M. K., Shuster, B., & Singh, G. (2023). Sex-linked biology and gender-related research is essential to advancing hearing health. Ear and Hearing. 44(1), 10-27.

Gosselin, P., Guan, D., Chen, H-Y., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Phillips, N., Faris, P., Smith, E., and Ismail, Z. (2022). The relationship between hearing and Mild Behavioral Impairment and the influence of sex: A study of older adults without dementia from the COMPASS-ND study. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease Reports, 6(1), 57-66.

Giroud, N., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Mick, P., Wittich, W., Al-Yawer, F., Rehan, S., Orange, J.B., Phillips, N.A. (2021). Hearing loss is associated with gray matter differences in older adults at risk for and with Alzheimer’s disease. Aging Brain, 1, 100018.

Hämäläinen, A., Pichora-Fuller, M. K., Wittich, W., Phillips, N. A., & Mick, P. (2021). Self- report Measures of Hearing and Vision in Older Adults Participating in the Canadian Longitudinal Study of Aging are Explained by Behavioral Sensory Measures, Demographic, and Social Factors. Ear and Hearing, 42(4), 814-831.

Chauvin, A., Baum, S., & Phillips, N. A. (2021). Individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer’s Disease Benefit from Audiovisual Speech Cues and Supportive Sentence Context. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 64(5), 1550-1559.

Rehan, S., Giroud, N., Al-Yawer, F., Wittich, W., & Phillips, N. (2021). Visual performance and cortical atrophy in vision-related brain regions differ between older adults with (or at risk for) Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 83(3), 1125-1148.

Wittich, W., Pichora-Fuller, M. K., Johnson, A., Joubert, S., Kehayia, E., Bachir, V., Aubin, G., Jaiswal, A., & Phillips, N. (2021). Effect of Reading Rehabilitation for Age-Related Macular Degeneration on Cognitive Functioning: Protocol for a Nonrandomized Pre-Post Intervention Study. JMIR research protocols, 10(3), e19931.

Guthrie DM, Williams N, Campos J, Mick P, Orange JB, Pichora-Fuller MK, Savundranayagam MY, Wittich W, Phillips NA. A newly identified impairment in both vision and hearing increases the risk of deterioration in both communication and cognitive performance. Canadian Journal on Aging [in press; accepted Jan. 25, 2021].

Ismail, Z., Black, S. E., Camicioli, R., Chertkow, H., Herrmann, N., Laforce, R., Montero- Odasso, M., Rockwood, K., Rosa-Neto, P., Seitz, D., Sivananthan, S., Smith, E.E., Soucy, J-P., Vedel, I., Gauthier, S., and the CCCDTD5 participants. (2020). Recommendations of the 5th Canadian Consensus Conference on the diagnosis and treatment of dementia. Alzheimer’s and Dementia, 16(8), 1182–1195.

Rockwood, K., Andrew, M. K., Aubertin-Leheudre, M., Belleville, S., Bherer, L., Bowles, S. K., Kehler, D.S., Lim, A., Middleton, L., Phillips, N., Wallace, L. M. K. (2020). CCCDTD5: Reducing the risk of later-life dementia. Evidence informing the Fifth Canadian Consensus Conference on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Dementia (CCCDTD-5). Alzheimer’s and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions, 6(1), 1–12.

Monterro-Odasso, M., Peruccini-Faria, F., Ismail, Z., Li, K., Lim, A., Phillips, N., Kamkar, N., Sarquis-Adamson, Y., Speechley, M., Theou, O., Vergese, J., Wallace, L., & Camicioli, R. (2020). CCCDTD5 recommendations on early non cognitive markers of dementia. A Canadian Consensus. Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Translational research & clinical interventions, 16(8), 1182-1195.

Wittich, W., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Johnson, A., Joubert, S., Kehayia, E., Bachir, V., Aubin, G., Jaiswal, A, & Phillips, N. (submitted). The Effect of Reading Rehabilitation for Age-Related Vision Impairment on Cognitive Functioning: A non-randomized pre-post intervention study protocol, JMIR Research Protocols,

Phillips, N.A., Andrews, M., Chertkow, H., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Rockwood, K., & Wittich, W. (2020). Clinical judgement is paramount when performing cognitive screening during COVID‐19, Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Mick, P., Hämäläinen, A., Kolisang, L., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Phillips, N., Guthrie, D., & Wittich, W. (in press, 2021). The prevalence of hearing and vision loss in older Canadians: An analysis of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging.  Canadian Journal on Aging/La Revue canadienne du vieillissement, 40(1).

Hämäläinen, A., Phillips, N., Wittich, W., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., & Mick, P. (2019). Sensory-cognitive associations are only weakly mediated or moderated by social factors in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging. Scientific Reports, 9, 19660.

William, N, Phillips, N.A., Wittich, W., Campos, J.L., Mick, P., Orange, J.B., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Savundranayagam, M.Y., & Guthrie, D.M. (2020). Hearing and Cognitive Impairments Increase the Risk of Long-term Care Admissions. Innovation in Aging, 4(2), igz053.

Urqueta Alfaro, A., Guthrie, D., Phillips, N.A., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Mick, P., McGraw, C., & Wittich, W. (2019). Detection of vision and/or hearing loss using the interRAI Community Health Assessment aligns well with common behavioral vision/hearing measurements. PLoS ONE, 14(10): e0223123. 

Carr, S., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Li., K.Z.H., Phillips, N., & Campos, J.L. (2019). Multisensory, multi-tasking performance of older adults with and without subjective cognitive decline. Multisensory Research

Guthrie D.M., Davidson, J.G.S., Williams, N., Campos, J., Hunter,  K., Mick, P., Orange, J.B., Pichora-Fuller, M. K., Phillips, N.A., Savundranayagam, M., &Wittich, W. (2018). Combined impairments in vision, hearing and cognition are associated with greater levels of functional and communication difficulties than cognitive impairment alone: Analysis of interRAI data for home care and long-term care recipients in Ontario.  PLoS ONE 13(2): e0192971  

Mick, P., Campos, J., Guthrie, D., Orange, J.B., Phillips, N., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Wittich, W., & Savundranayagam, M. (2018). Associations between sensory loss and social network, participation, support, and loneliness: Analysis of data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging. Canadian Family Physician Journal, 64(1), e33-e41. Available in PDF.

Pichora-Fuller, M. K., & Phillips, N. (2017). Tackling the toll of hearing loss on executive function: We need to think beyond the speech chain and hearing aids to fully address effects of hearing loss on older adults’ cognitive health. The ASHA Leader, 22(7), 6-8. Available in PDF

Bruce, H., Aponte, D., St-Onge, N., Phillips, N., Gagne, J.P., & Li, K. (2017). The Effects of Age and Hearing Loss on Dual-Task Balance and Listening. Journal of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, gbx047. Available in PDF

Phillips, N. A. (2016). The implications of cognitive aging for listening and the FUEL model. Ear and Hearing, 37, 44S-51S.

Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Kramer, S.E., Eckert, M., Edwards, B., Hornsby, B., Humes, L.E., Lemke, U., Lunner, T., Matthen, M., Mackersie, C., Naylor, G., Phillips, N., Richter, M., Rudner, M., Sommers, M., Tremblay, K., Wingfield, A. (2016). Hearing impairment and cognitive energy: A framework for understanding effortful listening (FUEL). Ear and Hearing, 37, 5S-27S.

Frtusova, J. B., & Phillips, N. A. (2016). The auditory-visual speech benefit on working memory in older adults with hearing impairment. Frontiers in Psychology, 7.



Grant, A., Kousaie, S., Coulter, K., Gilbert, A. C., Baum, S. R. Gracco, V. L., Titone, D., Klein, D., Phillips, N.A. (2022). Age of acquisition modulates alpha power during bilingual speech comprehension in noise. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 13, Article 865857.

Coulter, K. and Phillips, N.A. (2022). Conflict-based speech error monitoring in bilinguals: Differences between first and second language monitoring. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 63.

Chauvin, A. and Phillips, N.A. (2021). Bilinguals Show Proportionally Greater Benefit from Visual Speech Cues and Sentence Context in their Second Compared to their First Language. Ear and Hearing. doi: 10.1097/AUD.0000000000001182

Gilbert, A. C., Lee, J. G., Coulter, K., Wolpert, M. A., Kousaie, S., Gracco, V. L., Klein, D., Titone, D., Phillips, N.A., Baum, S. R. (2021). Spoken Word Segmentation in First and Second Language: When ERP and Behavioral Measures Diverge. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 3974.

Kousaie, S., Chen, J.K., Baum, S., Phillips, N.A., Titone, D., and Klein, D. (2021). Bilingual language experience and the neural underpinnings of working memory. Neuropsychologia, Volume 163, 10 December 2021, 108081.

Gilbert, A. C., Honda, C. T., Phillips, N. A., & Baum, S. R. (2021). Near native-like stress pattern perception in English-French bilinguals as indexed by the mismatch negativity. Brain and language, 213, 104892.

Gullifer, J., Kousaie, S., Gilbert, A., Grant, A., Giroud, N., Coulter, K., Klein, D., Baum, S., Phillips, N., & Titone, D. (2021). Bilingual language experience as a multidimensional spectrum: Associations with objective and subjective language proficiency. Applied Psycholinguistics, 42(2), 245-278.

Giroud, N., Baum, S. R., Gilbert, A., Phillips, N., & Gracco, V. (2020). Earlier age of second language learning induces more robust speech encoding in the auditory brainstem in adults, independent of amount of language exposure during early childhood. Brain and Language, 207.

Coulter, K., Gilbert, A.C., Kousaie, S., Baum, S., Gracco, V.L., Klein, D., Titone, D., & Phillips, N.A. (accepted). Bilinguals benefit from semantic context while perceiving speech in noise in both of their languages: Electrophysiological evidence from the N400 ERP. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition.

Grant, A.M., Brisson-McKenna, M., and Phillips, N.A. (2020).  Electrophysiology reflects the influence of discourse context on auditory semantic processing in bilinguals.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. Advance Online Publication.

Kousaie, S., Baum, S., Phillips, N.A., Gracco, V., Titone, D., Chen, J., Chai, X.J., & Klein, D. (2019). Language learning experience and mastering the challenges of perceiving speech in noise. Brain and Language, 196, 1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2019.104645

Duncan, H. D., Nikelski, J., Pilon, R., Steffener, J., Chertkow, H., & Phillips, N. (2018). Structural brain differences between monolingual and multilingual patients with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease: Evidence for cognitive reserve. Neuropsychologia, 109(2018), 270-282. Available in PDF

Kousaie, S., & Phillips, N.A. (2017). A behavioural and electrophysiological investigation of the effect of bilingualism on aging and cognitive control. Neuropsychologia, 94C, 23-35. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.11.013. Available in PDF.

Schultz, B. G., O’Brien, I., Phillips, N., McFarland, D. H., Titone, D., & Palmer, C. (2015). Speech rates converge in scripted turn-taking conversations. Applied Psycholinguistics, 1-20. 

Phillips, N. A. (2014). Neuroplasticity as a model for bilingualism: Commentary on Baum and Titone. Applied Psycholinguistics. Advance online publication. doi:10.1017/S0142716414000484. Available in PDF.

Duncan, H.D., Segalowitz, N. and Phillips, N.A. (2014). Differences in L1 linguistic attention control between monolinguals and bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. doi:10.1017/S136672891400025X. Available in PDF.

Freedman, M., Alladid, M., Chertkow, H., Bialystok, E., Craik, F.I.M., Phillips, N.A., Vasantak, D., Bapi Rajul, S., and Bak, T.H. (2014). Delaying Onset of Dementia: Are Two Languages Enough? Behavioral Neurology, 2014. Available in PDF.

Kousaie, S., and Phillips, N.A. (2012) Conflict monitoring and resolution: Are two languages better than one? Evidence from reaction time and event-related brain potentials. Brain Research, 1146, 71-90. Available in PDF.

Kousaie, S., and Phillips, N.A. (2011). Aging and bilingualism: Absence of a A bilingual advantage in Stroop interference in a non-immigrant sample. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, iFirst, 1B14. Available in PDF.

Chertkow, H., Whitehead, V., Phillips, N., Wolfson, C., Atherton, J., & Bergman, H. (2010). Multilingualism (but not always bilingualism) delays the onset of Alzheimer's disease evidence from a bilingual community. Alzheimer's Disease & Associated Disorders, 24 (2), 118 125. Available in PDF.

Phillips, N.A., Klein, D., Mercier, J., and de Boysson, C. (2006). ERP measures of auditory word repetition and translation priming in bilinguals. Brain Research, 1125, 116-131.

Al-Yawer, F., Bruce, H., Li, K., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., Phillips, N.A. (2022). Sex-Related Differences in the Associations between MoCA Scores and Pure-Tone Measures of Hearing. American Journal of Audiology, 31, 220-227.

Klil-Drori, S., Phillips, N.A., Fernandez, A., Solomon, S., Klil-Drori, A.J., & Chertkow, H. (2021). Evaluation of a Telephone Version for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment: Establishing a Cutoff for Normative Data From a Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 1-8.

Phillips, N.A., Chertkow, H., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., and Wittich, W.  (2020).  Special issues on using the MoCA for remote assessment during COVID-19 (Letter to the Editor), Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 68 (5), 942-944.

Al-Yawer, F., Pichora-Fuller, M.K., & Phillips, N. (2019) The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) after Omission of Hearing-dependent Subtests: Psychometrics and Clinical Recommendations. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 00, 1-6.

Jolly, T. A. D., Cooper, P. S., Wan Ahmadul Badwi, S. A., Phillips, N. A., Rennie, J.L., Levi, C. R., Drysdale, K. A., Parsons, M. W., Michie, P. T., & Karayanidis, F. (2016). Microstructural white matter changes mediate age‐related cognitive decline on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). Psychophysiology, 53, 258-267.

Julayanont, P., Brousseau, M., Chertkow, H., Phillips, N., & Nasreddine, Z. S. (2014). Montreal Cognitive Assessment Memory Index Score, MoCA-MIS, As a Predictor of Mild Cognitive Impairment Conversion to Alzheimer’s Disease. Journal of the American Geriatric Society. 62, 679-684. Available in PDF.

Wittich, W., Phillips, N.A., Nasreddine, Z.S., and Chertkow, H. (2010). Sensitivity and specificity of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA B) modified for the Blind. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 104(6), 360-368. Available in PDF.


Chertkow H, Rockwood K, Hogan DB, Phillips N, Montero-Odasso M, Amanullah S, Black S, Bocti C, Borrie M, Feldman H, Freedman M, Hsiung R, Kirk A, Masellis M, Nygaard H, Rajji T, Verret L. (2021). Consensus Statement Regarding the Application of Biogen to Health Canada for Approval of Aducanumab. Canadian Geriatrics Journal. 24(4):373-378.

Reuben, R., Karkaby, L., McNamee, C., Phillips, N.A. & Einstein, G. (2021) Menopause and cognitive complaints: are ovarian hormones linked with subjective cognitive decline? Climacteric: the journal of the International Menopause Society, 1-12.

Belleville, S., Mellah, S., Cloutier, S., Dang-Vu, T.T., Duchesne, S., Maltezo, S., Phillips, N., Hudon, C. and the CIMA-Q group (2021). Neural correlates of resilience to the effects of hippocampal atrophy on memory. NeuroImage: Clinical, 29.

Caillaud, M., Hudon, C., Boller, B., Brambati, S., Duchesne, S., Lorrain, D., Gagnon, J.F., Maltezos, S., Mellah, S., Phillips, N, Consortium for the Early Identification of Alzheimer’s Disease-Quebec, & Belleville, S. (2019). Evidence of a relation between hippocampal volume, white-matter hyperintensities, and cognition in Subjective Cognitive Decline and Mild Cognitive Impairment. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, gbz120. 

Chertkow, H., Borrie, M., Whitehead, V., Black, S., Feldman, H. H., Gauthier, S., Hogan, D. B., Maellis, M., McGilton, K., Rockwood, K., Tierney, M. C., Andrew, M., Hsiung, G.Y. R., Camicioli, R., Smith, E. E., Fogarty, J., Lindsay, J., Best, S., Mohades, Z., Pilon, R., Poirier, J., Phillips, N., MacNamara, E., Dixon, R., Duchesne, S., MacKenzie, I., St. George-Hyslop, P. (2019).  The Comprehensive Assessment of Neurodegeneration and Dementia Canadian cohort study.  The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 00, 1-13.

Fraga, F. J., Mamani, G. Q., Johns, E., Tavares, G., Falk, T. H., & Phillips, N. A. (2018). Early diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s with event-related potentials and event-related desynchronization in N-back working memory tasks. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 164, 1–13.

Hinault, T., Lemaire, P., and Phillips, N. A. (2016). Aging and sequential modulations of poorer strategy effects: An EEG study in arithmetic problem solving. Brain Research, 1630, 144–158.

Trewartha, K.M. and Phillips, N.A. (2013). Detecting self-produced speech errors before and after articulation: An ERP investigation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 1-12. Available in PDF 

Trewartha, K.M., Spilka, M.J., Penhune, V.B., Li, K.Z.H., and Phillips, N.A. (2013). Context updating processes facilitate response reprogramming in younger but not older adults. Psychology and Aging, 28(3), 701–713. Available in PDF.

Frtusova, J. B., Winneke, A., & Phillips, N. A. (2013). ERP evidence that auditory visual speech facilitates working memory in younger and older adults. Psychology and Aging. e-pre-print: Feb 18 , 2013, doi: 10.1037/a0031243. Available in PDF

** Johns, E. K., Phillips, N. A., Belleville, S., Goupil, D., Babins, L., Kelner, N., Ska, B., Gilbert, B., Massoud, F., de Boysson, C., Duncan, H., & Chertkow, H. (2012). Profile of Executive Functioning in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment: Disproportionate Deficits in Inhibitory Control. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 18, 1-15. Available in PDF
** Winner of the CIHR-Institute of Aging Age+ Award

Winneke, A., and Phillips, N.A. (2011). An investigation of age-related differences in audiovisual speech perception using event-related potentials. Psychology and Aging, 26(2), 427-438. Available in PDF.

** Kousaie, S., and Phillips, N.A. (2011). Age related Differences in Interlingual Priming: A Behavioural and Electrophysiological Investigation." Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 18, 22B55. Available in PDF
** Winner of the CIHR-Institute of Aging Age+ Award

de Boysson, C., Belleville, S., Phillips, N. A., Johns, E. K., Goupil, D., Souchay, C., Bouchard, R. and Chertkow, H. (2011). False recognition in Lewy body disease and frontotemporal dementia. Brain and Cognition, 75, 111 118. Available in PDF.

Karayanidis, F., Jamadar, S., Ruge, H., Phillips, N., Heathcote, A., and Forstmann, B.U. (2010). Advance preparation in task switching: Converging evidence from behavioral, model based and brain activation approaches. Frontiers in Cognition, 25, Article 1. Available in PDF.

Dwivedi, V.D., Drury, J.E., Molnar, M., Phillips, N.A., Baum, S., and Steinhauer, K. (2010). ERPs reveal sensitivity to hypothetical contexts in spoken discourse. NeuroReport, 21 (11), 791-795. Available in PDF

Sinai, M., Phillips, N.A., Chertkow, H., and Kebani, N. (2010). Task switching performance reveals heterogeneity amongst patients with mild cognitive impairment. Neuropsychology, 24 (6), 757-774. Available in PDF.

Dwivedi, V.D., Phillips, N.A., Einegal, S., and Baum, S.R. (2010). The neural underpinnings of semantic ambiguity and anaphora. Brain Research, 1311, 93B109. Available in PDF.

Montero Odasso, M., Bergman, H., Phillips, N.A., Wong, C.H., Sourial, N., and Chertkow, H. (2009). Dual tasking and gait in people with Mild Cognitive Impairment. The effect of working memory. BMC Geriatrics, 41. Available in PDF.

Johns, E. K., Phillips, N. A., Belleville, S., Goupil, D., Babins, L., Kelner, N., Ska, B., Gilbert, B., Inglis, G., Panisset, M., de Boysson, C., & Chertkow, H. (2009). Executive functions in frontotemporal dementia and Lewy body dementia.Neuropsychology, 23 (6), 765B777. Available in PDF

Taler, V., Klepousniotou, E., & Phillips, N.A. (2009). Comprehension of lexical ambiguity in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, and mild Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychologia, 47, 1332B1343. Available in PDF.

Taler, V. and Phillips, N.A. (2008). A Language performance in Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment: A comparative review.@ Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 30(5), 501-556. Available in PDF.

Goffaux, P., Phillips, N.A., Sinai, M., and Pushkar, D. (2008). "Neurophysiological measures of task set switching: Effects of working memory and aging. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 63B, P57-P66. Available in PDF.

Taler, V., & Phillips, N.A. (2007). Event related potential measures of lexical activation in Alzheimer's disease. Brain and Language, 103, 177-178. Available in PDF

Sinai, M., Goffaux, P., Phillips, N.A. (2007). Cue- versus response-locked processes in backward inhibition: Evidence from ERPs. Psychophysiology, 44 (4), 596B609. Available in PDF.

Goffaux, P., Phillips, N.A., Sinai, M., and Pushkar, D. (2006). Behavioural and electrophysiological measures of task switching during single and mixed-task conditions. Biological Psychology, 72, 278-290. Available in PDF.

Dwivedi, V., Phillips, N.A., Laguë-Beauvais, M., and Baum, S. (2006). An electrophysiological study of mood, modal context and anaphora. Brain Research, 1117, 135-153. Available in PDF.

Levinoff, E.J., Phillips, N.A., Verret, L., Babins, L., Kelner, N., Akerib, V., Chertkow, H. (2006). Cognitive estimation impairment in Alzheimer disease and mild cognitive impairment. Neuropsychology, 20, 123-132. Available in PDF. 

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