The president of the United States should issue an executive order establishing the prevention of mass atrocities as a policy priority.
The US Congress should create a Caucus for the Prevention of Mass Atrocities.
Members of the US Congress should take individual initiative and use their existing powers and privileges to advocate for the implementation of the responsibility to protect.
The US Government should foster public discussions on preventing mass atrocities.
The president should create an Atrocities Prevention Committee to coordinate interagency policy on the prevention of mass atrocities.
The national security advisor should create an Interagency Policy Committee on Preventing Mass Atrocities to coordinate policy across the executive branch and liaise with the Atrocities Prevention Committee.
The national security advisor should create standard operating procedures for disseminating intelligence on the risks of genocide and other mass atrocities.
The US Government should allocate federal funding to institutionalize the prevention of mass atrocities within civilian agencies.
The US Government should re-establish its soft power capacity by expanding its diplomatic and development corps and enhancing the field training of usaid and State Department officials.
The Department of Defense should develop and incorporate doctrine and rules of engagement for preventing and responding to mass atrocities and train the US military in civilian protection.
The prime minister should make preventing mass atrocities a national priority for Canada.
The prime minister should appoint an international security minister as a senior member of the Cabinet.
The Government of Canada should support and promote public discussion on Canada’s role in preventing mass atrocities.
The Parliament of Canada should convert the All-Party Parliamentary Group for the Prevention of Genocide and Other Crimes Against Humanity into a standing joint committee.
Parliamentarians should exercise individual initiative and use their existing powers and privileges to advocate the implementation of the responsibility to protect as an international norm and a vital part of Canada’s foreign policy.
The Government of Canada should create an interdepartmental Coordinating Office for the Prevention of Mass Atrocities.
The Coordinating Office for the Prevention of Mass Atrocities should create standard operating procedures for disseminating intelligence concerning the risks of mass atrocities throughout the whole of government.
The Government of Canada should establish a Canadian Prevention Corps.
The Government of Canada should increase its diplomatic and development presence in fragile countries.
The Government of Canada should continue enhancing the Canadian Forces’ capabilities by increasing its force strength and developing operational concepts, doctrine, force structure, and training to support civilian protection.
American and Canadian civil society organizations should develop permanent domestic constituencies by forming national coalitions for the responsibility to protect in the United States and Canada.
American and Canadian civil society organizations should expand their advocacy by targeting local/municipal and state provincial levels of government to support the responsibility to protect.
American and Canadian civil society groups should develop strategic, outcome-based proposals geared towards key decision makers in the government.
American and Canadian civil society groups should leverage new information and communications technologies to educate the public and government.
American and Canadian civil society groups should initiate public discussions on the prevention of mass atrocities and related foreign policy issues.
Individual journalists, media owners, and managers in the United States and Canada should commit themselves to “the responsibility to report.”