Bioinformatics is the field that studies the applications of computers to molecular biology and biochemistry. It encompasses:
- the information processing needs of biological data;
- the acquisition of knowledge from the data;
- the mathematical modeling and computer modeling of phenomena in a cell; and
- visualization of models and information.
Bioinformatics is the driver for many of the discoveries from genomics. Researchers in genomics need collaborators with a broad range of expertise in both computer systems, software, and bioinformatics, namely,
- computer systems installation and administration;
- networks, internet/web, distributed computing environments;
- sequence analysis, data analysis, scientific computing and visualization;
- databases, machine learning, data mining; and
- software development.
This is a fertile domain for both biologists and computer scientists. It needs genuine advances in algorithms, data- and knowedge-base systems, artificial intelligence, and software for supporting the experimental process, data analysis, and the creative aspects of biology and biochemistry.