Skip to main content


Terminology & search strategies



CBC News. (2017). How to talk about Indigenous people (2 min, 37 sec)

Concordia University. (2017).  Indigenous Directions: Territorial Acknowledgement with pronunciation.

Concordia University. (2019). Indigenous Elder and Community Protocols.



Vowel, C. (2016). Indigenous writes: a guide to First Nations, Metis and Inuit issues in Canada. Winnipeg: Highwater Press.  (ebook) & (print) 

Younging, G. (2018). Elements of Indigenous style: a guide for writing by and about Indigenous peoples. Edmonton: Brush Education. (print) & (ebook)

Joseph, R.P.C. (2019). Indigenous relations: insights, tips & suggestions to make reconciliation a reality. Indigenous Relations Press. (print)

Canadian Geographic Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada (2018). National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, Assembly of First Nations, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, the Metis Nation and Indspire. Volumes 1 - 4, with a Glossary of Indigenous terms in Volume 1. (print, reference, in library use only)


Online resources 

âpihtawikosisân/C. Vowel. Indigenous Issues 101 Primers: 

First Nations & Indigenous Studies UBC. (2009). Indigenous Foundations: Terminology. 

 Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami. (n.d.) A Note on Terminology: Inuit, Métis, First Nations, and Aboriginal.

Library of Parliament. Canada. (2020). Hill Notes - Indigenous peoples: Terminology Guide.

Celeste McKay Consulting. (2015). Briefing Note on Terminology: Concept Note – Terminology Related to Indigenous Peoples. University of Manitoba - Indigenous Student Centre.

Montreal Urban Aboriginal Community Strategy Network. (2019). Indigenous Ally Toolkit.

Recommended sources

Search strategies

The following search strings and keywords are recommended for searching in recommended library databases listed above or in the Sofia Discovery tool to retrieve scholarly books and articles related to decolonizing curriculum and relevant Indigenous topics.

Decolonizing pedagogy and curriculum

(decolon* OR indigeniz* OR reconciliat*) AND (pedagog* OR curric* OR teach* OR lesson*) AND (universit* OR college OR "higher education" OR post-secondary)

(indigenous OR aboriginal OR "first nations" OR inuit OR metis) AND (educat* OR teach* OR pedagog* OR curric*) AND  (universit* OR college OR "higher education" OR post-secondary)


(colonial* OR coloniz*) AND (indigenous OR aboriginal OR native OR "first nations" OR inuit OR metis) AND settler AND canad*

(colonial* OR coloniz* OR colony) AND (indigenous OR aboriginal OR native OR "first nations" OR inuit OR metis) AND (surviv* OR resist*) AND Canad*

("indian act" OR "indian status") AND Canad* AND govern* 

Residential schools

("residential school*" OR "boarding school*" OR "industrial school*") AND  (indian OR indigenous OR aboriginal OR native OR "first nations" OR inuit OR metis) AND Canad*

"Residential school*" AND ("truth and reconciliation commission" OR TRC OR reconciliation) AND Canad*

Indigenous Knowledges

("traditional knowledge" OR "indigenous knowledge") AND  (pedagog* OR curric* OR teach* OR lesson*) AND Canad*

("land as pedagogy" OR (land AND (pedagog* OR curric* OR teach* OR lesson* OR educat*))) AND Canad*

Back to top Back to top

© Concordia University