Skip to main content


Decolonizing pedagogy

"Decolonization, once viewed as the formal process of handing over the instruments of government, is now recognized as a long-term process involving the bureaucratic, cultural, linguistic and psychological divesting of colonial power." (Smith, 1999, p. 98)  

Decolonization - selected books & articles

Abdi, A.A. (ed.) (2012). Decolonizing philosophies of education. Boston: Sense Publishers. (ebook)

Battiste, M.A. (2013). Decolonizing education: nourishing the learning spirit. Saskatoon: Purich Publishing. (print)

Battiste, M. A. (ed.) (2000). Reclaiming Indigenous voice and vision. Vancouver: UBC Press. (print) & (ebook)

Battiste, M. (ed.) (2016). Visioning a Mi’kmaw humanities: indigenizing the academy. Sydney, Nova Scotia: Cape Breton University Press. (print)

Battiste, M., Bell, L., & Findlay, L. M. (2002). Decolonizing education in Canadian universities: An interdisciplinary, international, indigenous research project. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 26, 82–95.

Cajete, G. A. (2015). Indigenous community: rekindling the teachings of the seventh fire. St. Paul, MN: Living Justice Press. (print)

Corntassel, J. (2012). Re-envisioning resurgences: Indigenous pathways to decolonization and sustainable self-determination. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 1(1), 86-101.

Dei, G. S. (2012). Indigenous anti-colonial knowledge as ‘heritage knowledge’ for promoting Black/African education in diasporic contexts. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 1(1),102-119.

Fast, E. & Drouin-Gagné, M. (2019). We need to get better at this! Pedagogies for Truth Telling about Colonial Violence. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies, 10(1), 95-118.

Gaudry, A. & Lorenz, D. (2018). Indigenization as inclusion, reconciliation and decolonization: navigating the different visions for indigenizing the Canadian academy. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples

Gaudry, A. (2016). Paved with good intentions: Simply requiring indigenous content is not enough. Active History. Retrieved from

Henhawk, D.A. (2013). My critical awakening: a process of struggles and decolonizing hope. International review of Qualitative Research, 6(4), 510-525.

Johnson, J.T. & Larsen, S.C. (2013). A deeper sense of place: stories and journeys of indigenous-academic collaboration. Baltimore: Oregon State University Press. (ebook)

Kennedy, D. K. (2016). Decolonization: a very short introduction. New York: Oxford University Press. (print)

Mccracken, K. (2019). Challenging colonial spaces: Reconciliation and decolonizing work in Canadian archives. The Canadian Historical Review 100(2): 182-201.

Memmi, A. (1967).The colonizer and the colonized. Boston: Beacon Press. & (print)

Mignolo, W.D., & Walsh, C. E. (2018). On decoloniality: concepts, analytics, and praxis. Durham: Duke University Press.  (print)

Munroe, E.A., Borden, L.L., Orr, A.M., Toney, D., & Meader, J. (2013). Decolonizing Aboriginal education in the 21st century. McGill Journal of Education, 48(2), 317-337.

Pete, S. (2016). Commentary: 100 ways: Indigenizing & decolonizing academic programs. Aboriginal Policy Studies 6(1): 81-89.

Pete, S., Schneider, B., & O’Reilly, K. (2013). Decolonizing our practice – Indigenizing our teaching. First Nations Perspectives, 5(1), 99-115.

Sium, A., Desai, C., & Riskes, E. (2012). Towards the ‘tangible unknown’: Decolonization and the Indigenous future. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 1(1), I-XIII.

Tuck, E. & Yang, K.W. (2012). Decolonization is not a metaphor. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 1(1), 1-40.

Tuhiwai-Smith, L. Tuck, E., & Yang, K. W. (eds). (2018). Indigenous and decolonizing studies in education: mapping the long view. New York: Routledge. (print)

Decolonizing pedagogy  - selected books & articles

Battiste, M. (2002). Indigenous knowledge and pedagogy in First Nations education: A literature review with recommendations. Ottawa, ON: National Working Group on Education and the Minister of Indian Affairs, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.

Cajete, G. (2015). Indigenous community: rekindling the teachings of the seventh fire. St. Paul: Living Justice Press. (print)

Christensen, J., Cox, C., & Szabo-Jones, L. (eds). (2018). Activating the heart: storytelling, knowledge sharing and relationship. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier Press. (print)

Cornelius, C. (1999). Iroquois corn in a culture-based curriculum: a framework for respectfully teaching about cultures. Albany,NY: State University of New York Press. (print)

Darder, A., Torres, R.D., & Baltodano, M. P. (2017). The critical pedagogy reader, 3rd edition. New York: Routledge. (print)

Dei, G.J.S. (2011). Indigenous philosophies and critical education: a reader. New York: Peter Lang. (print)

Goulet, L. M., & Goulet, K. N. (2014). Teaching each other: Nehinuw concepts and Indigenous pedagogies. Vancouver: UBC Press. (print)

Grande, S. (2004). Red pedagogy: Native American social and political thought. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. (print)

Iseke-Barnes, J. M. (2008). Pedagogies for Decolonizing. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 31(1), 123-148.

Kanu, Y. (2011). Integrating aboriginal perspectives into the school curriculum: purposes, possibilities and challenges. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (print)

Louie, D. W., Poitras-Pratt, Y., Hanson, A. J., & Ottmann, J. (2017). Applying Indigenizing Principles of Decolonizing Methodologies in University Classrooms. Canadian Journal of Higher Education 47(3): 16-33.

Lynn, M., & Dixson, A. D. (2013). Handbook of critical race theory in education. New York: Routledge. (print) 

Malott, C. (2008). A call to action: an introduction to education, philosophy and native North America. New York: Peter Lang. (print)

McGregor, D. (2018). From 'decolonized' to Reconciliation research in Canada: Drawing from Indigenous research paradigms. ACME: An International Journal for Critical Geographies 17(3): 810-831.

Mihesuah, D. A., & Wilson, A. C. (eds). (2004). Indigenizing the academy: transforming scholarship and empowering communities. Lincoln: University of Nebraska. (print)

Moore, S. (2017). Trickster chases the tale of education. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press. (print)

Nakata, N. M., Nakata, V., Keech, S., & Bolt, R. (2012). Decolonial goals and pedagogies for Indigenous studies. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 1(1), 120-140.

Petrovia, J.E., & Mitchell, R. (eds). (2018). Indigenous philosophies of education around the world. New York: Routledge. (print)

Pirbhai-Illich, F., Pete, S., & Martin, F. (eds). (2017). ). Culturally responsive pedagogy: working towards decolonization, indigeneity and interculturalism. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan. (ebook)

Ragoonaden, K. & Mueller, L., (2017). Cultural responsive pedagogy: Indigenizing curriculum. The Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 47(2), 22-46.

Tomlins-Jahnke, H., Styres, S., Lilley, S. & Zinga, D. (eds). (2019). Indigenous Education: new directions in theory and practice. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press. (print) & (ebook)

Toulouse, P.R. (2018). Truth and reconciliation in Canadian schools. Winnipeg: Portage & Main Press. (print)

Wane, N.N., & Todd, K.L. (eds). (2018). Decolonial pedagogy: Examining sites of resistance, resurgence and renewal. Switzerland: Palgrave MacMillan. (ebook)


Decolonizing pedagogy - discipline specific resources


Indigenous Authors in the Spotlight Series: Indigenous Poetry books at Concordia

Chamberlin, J. E. (2006). If this is your land, where are your stories? : Finding common ground. Manchester: Carcanet. (print)

Dillon, G. L. (ed). (2012). Walking the clouds: an anthology of indigenous science fiction. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. (print)

Justice, D. H. (2018). Why indigenous literatures matter. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier Press. (print)

King, T. (2003). The truth about stories: a native narrative. Toronto: House of Anansi Press.  (print)

Martin, K. (2012). Stories in a new skin: approaches to Inuit literature. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press. (print)

McCall, S., Reder, D., Gaertner, D., & Hill, G. L. (eds). (2017). Read, listen, tell: Indigenous stories from Turtle Island. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier Press. (print) &  (ebook)

Poitras Pratt, Y. (2020). Digital storytelling in Indigenous education: a decolonizing journey for a Metis community. Routledge. (print)

Reder, D., & Morra, L. M. (eds). (2016). Learn, teach, challenge: approaching indigenous literatures. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier Press. (print)

Sugars, C. (2004). Home-work: postcolonialism, pedagogy and Canadian literature. Ottawa: University Of Ottawa Press. (ebook)

Teuton, S. K. (2018). Native American literature: a very short introduction. New York: Oxford University Press. (print)


Baldy, C.R., & Yazzie, M. K. (Eds). (2018). Special Issue: Indigenous Peoples and the Politics of Water. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society 7(1): 1-214.

Jacobs, D.T., Four Arrows, Cajete, G. & Lee, J. (2010). Critical neurophilosophy and indigenous wisdom. Rotterdam: Sense Publishing. (print)

Cajete, G. (2000). Native science: natural laws of interdependence. Santa Fe, NM: Clear Light Publishers. (print)

Cajete, G. (1994). Look to the mountain: an ecology of indigenous education. Durango: Kivaki Press. (print)

Kassam, K. S. (2009). Biocultural diversity and indigenous ways of knowing: human ecology in the Arctic. Calgary: University of Calgary Press. (print)

Kulnieks, A., Roronhiakewen, D., & Longboat, K. Y. (eds). (2013). Contemporary studies in environmental and indigenous pedagogies: a curricula of stories and place. Boston: Sense Publishers. (ebook) & (print)

Medin, D. L., & Bang, M. (2014). Who's asking?: Native science, Western science, and science education. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. (ebook)

Neidhardt, J. & Neidhardt, N. (eds). (2019). Groundswell: Indigenous Knowledge and a Call to Action for Climate Change. Strong Nations Publishing. (print)

Nicol, C., Archibald Q'um Q'um Xiiem, J., Glanfield, F., & Dawson, A.J. (Eds). (2020). Living culturally responsive mathematics education with/in Indigenous communities. Brill Sense. (print)

Schiebinger, L., & Swan, C. (eds). (2007). Colonial botany: science, commerce, and politics in the early modern world. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. (print)

Snivley, G., & Williams W. L. (eds). Knowing home: Branding Indigenous Science with Western science. University of Victoria. (ebook)

Sutherland, D., & Swayze, N. (2012). Including Indigenous knowledges and pedagogies in science-based environmental education programs. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, 17: 80-96.

Whitt, L. (2009). Science, colonialism and indigenous peoples: the cultural politics of law and knowledge. New York: Cambridge University Press. (print)

Back to top Back to top

© Concordia University