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Métis Nation

"The advent of the fur trade in west central North America during the 18th century  was accompanied by a growing number of mixed  offspring  of Indian women and European fur traders .  As this  population established  distinct  communities separate from those of  Indians and Europeans and married among themselves,  a new Aboriginal people emerged  - the Métis people – with their own unique culture, traditions, language (Michif), way of life, collective consciousness and nationhood.

Distinct Métis communities developed  along the routes of the fur trade and across the Northwest within the Métis Nation Homeland. This Homeland includes the three Prairie provinces (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta), as well as, parts of Ontario, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories and the Northern United States." (Metis Nation, 2024)

Métis resources

Métis Identity (UBC Indigenous Foundations)

Identity: Métis. Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada. 

Métis Nation - the Métis National Council represents the Métis Nation nationally and internationally. It receives its mandate and direction from the democratically elected leadership of the Métis Nation’s governments from Ontario westward.

Métis Nation Gateway - resources on Metis governance and constitutional reform.

Métis Rights (Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada) - The Powley Decision (2003) and the Daniels Decision (2016)

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Canada's Residential Schools: Volume 3 - The Métis Experience (ebook)

Virtual Museum of Métis History and Culture - Gabriel Dumont Institute of Native studies and Applied research 

Métis Studies - UBC Xwi7xwa Library Subject Guide

Louis Riel Institute - Métis Nation of Manitoba: Knowledge, Culture and Heritage

Métis - selected books & articles

Adams, C., Dahl, G., & Peach, I. (eds). (2013). Metis in Canada: history, identity, law & politics. Edmonton, University of Alberta Press. (ebook)

Andersen, C. (2014). "Metis": race, recognition and the struggle for Indigenous peoplehood. Vancouver: UBC Press. (print book)

Adese, J. & Andersen, C. (2021). A people and a nation: new directions for contemporary Métis studies. UBC Press. (ebook)

Bakker, P. (1997). A language of our own: the genesis of Michif, the mixed Cree-French language of the Canadian Metis. New York: Oxford University Press. (print book) 

Barkwell, L. (2016) The Metis Homeland: Its Settlements and Communities Louis Riel Institute. (ebook)

Boyer, Y. M., & Chartrand, L.N. (Eds). (2021). Bead by bead: Constitutional rights and the Métis community. Vancouver: UBC Press. (print)

Carriete, J., & Richardson, C. (eds). (2017). Calling our families home: Metis peoples' experience with child welfare. JCharlton Publishing. (print book)

Corrigan, S. W. & Barkwell, L. J. (1991). The struggle for recognition: Canadian justice and the Metis nation. Winnipeg: Pemmican Publications. (print book)

Ens, G.J. & Sawchuk, J. (2016). From new peoples to new nations: aspects of Metis history and identity from the eighteenth to twenty-first centuries. University of Toronto Press. (print book)

Fiola, C. (2015). Rekindling the sacred fire: Metis ancestry and Anishinaabe spirituality. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press. (ebook)

Gaudry, A., & Leroux, D. (2017). White settler revisionism and making Metis everywhere: the evocation of Metissage in Quebec and Nova ScotiaCritical Ethnic Studies 3(1): 116-142. 

Hogue, M. (2015). Metis and the medicine line: creating a border and dividing a people. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. (print book)

Kolopenuk, Jessica. ‘Pop-Up’ Métis and the Rise of Canada's Post-Indigenous FormationAmerican Anthropologist, vol. 120, no. 2, 2018, pp. 333–337. 

Lischke, U. & McNab, D.T. (eds). (2007). The long journey of a forgotten people: Metis identities and family histories. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. (ebook)

Pratt, Y.P. (2020). Digital storytelling in Indigenous education: a decolonizing journey for a Métis community. New York: Routledge. (print). 

Richardson, C.L. (2016). Belonging Metis. JCharlton Publishing. (print book)

Saunders, K. & Dubois, J. (2019). Métis politics and governance in Canada. Toronto: UBC Press. (print book)

Sprague, D. N. (1988). Canada and the Metis, 1869-1885. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier Press. (ebook)

Vowel, C. (2016). You're Metis? Which of your parents is an Indian? Metis identity. In C. Vowel, Indigenous writes: a guide to First Nations, Metis and Inuit issues in Canada. (pp.  35-54). Winnipeg: Highwater Press. (ebook)

Weinstein, J. (2007). Quiet revolution west: the rebirth of Metis nationalism. Calgary: Fifth House. (print book)

Wilson, F., & Mallet, M. (eds). (2008). Metis-Crown relations: rights, identity, jurisdiction and governance. Toronto: Irwin Law. (print book)


Adapted from: Native Studies: Indigenous Peoples of Canada: Metis Guide - University of Manitoba Library, C. Callison

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