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Métis Nation

"The advent of the fur trade in west central North America during the 18th century  was accompanied by a growing number of mixed  offspring  of Indian women and European fur traders .  As this  population established  distinct  communities separate from those of  Indians and Europeans and married among themselves,  a new Aboriginal people emerged  - the Métis people – with their own unique culture, traditions, language (Michif), way of life, collective consciousness and nationhood.

Distinct Métis communities developed  along the routes of the fur trade and across the Northwest within the Métis Nation Homeland. This Homeland includes the three Prairie provinces (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta), as well as, parts of Ontario, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories and the Northern United States." (Metis Nation, 2018)


Métis resources

Metis Identity (UBC Indigenous Foundations)

Metis Nation - the Metis National Council represents the Metis Nation nationally and internationally. It receives its mandate and direction from the democratically elected leadership of the Métis Nation’s governments from Ontario westward.

Nation Metis Quebec - RÉGIONS ADMINISTRATIVES: Basse Côte –Nord, Côte Nord, Bas-St-Laurent / Gaspésie, Portneuf, Laurentides/ Lanaudière, Coleraine & Montrégie.

Metis Nation Gateway - resources on Metis governance and constitutional reform.

Metis Rights (Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada) - The Powley Decision (2003) and the Daniels Decision (2016)

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Canada's Residential Schools: Volume 3 - The Metis Experience:  PDF & Print

Virtual Museum of Metis History and Culture - Gabriel Dumont Institute of Native studies and Applied research 

Metis Studies - UBC Xwi7xwa Library Subject Guide

Louis Riel Institute - Metis Nation of Manitoba: Knowledge, Culture and Heritage


Métis - selected books & articles

Adams, C., Dahl, G., & Peach, I. (eds). (2013). Metis in Canada: history, identity, law & politics. Edmonton, University of Alberta Press. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3046781 (print) & https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3506109 (ebook)

Andersen, C. (2014). "Metis": race, recognition and the struggle for Indigenous peoplehood.  Vancouver: UBC Press. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3086017 (print)

Bakker, P. (1997). A language of our own: the genesis of Michif, the mixed Cree-French language of the Canadian Metis. New York: Oxford University Press. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b1687258 (print) 

Barkwell, L. (2016) The Metis Homeland: Its Settlements and Communities Louis Riel Institute. (ebook)

Carriete, J., & Richardson, C. (eds). (2017). Calling our families home: Metis peoples' experience with child welfare. JCharlton Publishing. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3827746 (print)

Corrigan, S. W. & Barkwell, L. J. (1991). The struggle for recognition: Canadian justice and the Metis nation. Winnipeg: Pemmican Publications. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b2795074 (print) & https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b2522959 (ebook)

Ens, G.J. & Sawchuk, J. (2016). From new peoples to new nations: aspects of Metis history and identity from the eighteenth to twenty-first centuries. University of Toronto Press. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3254959 (print)

Fiola, C. (2015). Rekindling the sacred fire: Metis ancestry and Anishinaabe spirituality. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3508174 (ebook)

Gaudry, A., & Leroux, D. (2017). White settler revisionism and making Metis everywhere: the evocation of Metissage in Quebec and Nova Scotia. Critical Ethnic Studies 3(1): 116-142. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/jcritethnstud.3.1.0116

Hogue, M. (2015). Metis and the medicine line: creating a border and dividing a people. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3248420 (print)

Lischke, U. & McNab, D.T. (eds). (2007). The long journey of a forgotten people: Metis identities and family histories. Wilfrid Laurier University Press. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b2274793 (print)

Richardson, C.L. (2016). Belonging Metis. JCharlton Publishing. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3827745 (print)

Saunders, K. & Dubois, J. (2019). Métis politics and governance in Canada. Toronto: UBC Press. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3726091*eng (print)

Sprague, D. N. (1988). Canada and the Metis, 1869-1885. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier Press. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b1243566 (print) & https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3353359 (ebook)

Vowel, C. (2016). You're Metis? Which of your parents is an Indian? Metis identity. In C. Vowel, Indigenous writes: a guide to First Nations, Metis and Inuit issues in Canada. (pp.  35-54). Winnipeg: Highwater Press. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3270765 (print) & https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b3517983 (ebook)

Weinstein, J. (2007). Quiet revolution west: the rebirth of Metis nationalism. Calgary: Fifth House. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b2284030 (print)

Wilson, F., & Mallet, M. (eds). (2008). Metis-Crown relations: rights, identity, jurisdiction and governance. Toronto: Irwin Law. https://clues.concordia.ca/record=b2584870 (print)


Adapted from: Native Studies: Indigenous Peoples of Canada: Metis Guide - University of Manitoba Library, C. Callison

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