PhD Oral Exam - Fuad Baba, Building Engineering
Assessment and Mitigation of Overheating Risks in Archetype and Existing Canadian Buildings under Recent and Projected Future Climates
This event is free
School of Graduate Studies
When studying for a doctoral degree (PhD), candidates submit a thesis that provides a critical review of the current state of knowledge of the thesis subject as well as the student’s own contributions to the subject. The distinguishing criterion of doctoral graduate research is a significant and original contribution to knowledge.
Once accepted, the candidate presents the thesis orally. This oral exam is open to the public.
Canadian buildings have been primarily designed to withstand cold winters. With the increasing severity, intensity, and frequency of heatwaves due to climate change, it has become imperative to study the overheating risks in Canadian buildings. This research aims to develop a framework to assess the overheating risks and develop effective mitigation measures for projected future climates for both archetype and existing buildings. More specific objectives are to 1) determine the contribution and correlation of individual building envelope parameters to the change in indoor temperature in conjunction with ventilation, therefore, to determine whether high-energy-efficient buildings required by Canadian building codes to reduce heating consumption in new buildings are at lower or greater overheating risk compared to old buildings; 2) develop an automated calibration procedure to calibrate a building simulation model based on the indoor hourly temperature to achieve high accuracy so that the building model can be used to assess indoor overheating risks in existing buildings; 3) assess overheating risks under recent and future extreme years and recommend effective mitigation measures; and 4) provide the optimal design for retrofitting existing buildings to achieve lowest heating energy demand and highest thermal and visual comfort in new building design. To achieve these objectives, a robust sensitivity-analysis (SA) and calibration method, a systematic framework for evaluating overheating and passive mitigation measures, and an optimization methodology are developed and applied to an archetype detached-house and existing-school-buildings.
The results showed that the archetype and existing Canadian buildings have experienced overheating under recent climates and the overheating risks will increase dramatically under future climates. Due to the positive contribution of lower U-values of windows, walls and roofs and SHGC, high-energy-efficient houses have a lower overheating risk than old buildings if adequate ventilation (>2.2-ACH) is provided. Natural ventilation in the high-energy-efficient house is sufficient to reduce the overheating risk under the recent climate but will require adding interior and exterior shading under future climates. For existing-school buildings, the calibrated model achieved high accuracy, which makes it usable for overheating and mitigation measures assessment. The results also showed that the use of exterior blind roll or a combination with night cooling and other mitigation measures that reduce solar heat gain is required under the recent climate, and adding a cool roof will be required in future extreme years. For optimization design, the applied optimization methodology can generate several optimal building design solutions based on Window-Wall Ratio.