PhD Oral Exam - Muhammad Zubair, Physics
Quantum transport in Dirac materials and their heterostructures
This event is free
School of Graduate Studies
When studying for a doctoral degree (PhD), candidates submit a thesis that provides a critical review of the current state of knowledge of the thesis subject as well as the student’s own contributions to the subject. The distinguishing criterion of doctoral graduate research is a significant and original contribution to knowledge.
Once accepted, the candidate presents the thesis orally. This oral exam is open to the public.
This thesis explores the transport and optical properties of novel two dimensional (2D) materials such as graphene or graphene nanoribbons, transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), and some heterostructures based on them. To study these systems, we use a tight-binding, one-particle Hamiltonian and take its low-energy limit near the Dirac points. Diagonalizing the Hamiltonian gives the eigenvalues and eigenvectors which we use to evaluate linear response formulas for the conductivities in various systems, e.g., bilayer TMDCs in the presence or absence of magnetic and electric fields. We study in detail physical properties such as the quantum Hall effect, the quantum spin-Hall effect, and optical properties for one-body collisions of electrons with, e.g., impurities. We also consider heterostructures, made by encapsulating graphene monolayers on suitable substrates, e.g., TMDCs. In addition, we discuss the influence of an off-resonant light on valley-controlled transport in such systems and predict, among other things, topological phase transitions induced by such a light. Finally, we address the optical response of armchair graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) as a function of the photon frequency. Also, we assess the influence of elastic scattering by impurities on the diffusive (Drude-type) contribution to the current in these nanoribbons.