In film school, the director collaborates with her production manager (PM) and 1st assistant director (1st AD) to work out various issues such as the logistics, budget, and set management.
- Production Manager –PM
The production manager’s main responsibilities include: production budget, local transportation, catering, equipment rental, and authorizing orders and expenditures.
- 1st Assistant Director—1st AD
The 1st assistant director’s main roles consist of preparing a shooting script from the shot list made by the director, producing daily shooting schedules, setting the pace on set, managing the actors, and facilitating the optimal condition for the shooting.
- 2nd Assistant Director—2nd AD
The main responsibility of the 2nd assistant director is to assist the 1st assistant director.
- Script Supervisor
The script supervisor is in charge of continuity. Since shots are often filmed in a different order than they appear in the film being made, this person makes sure that various shots—including action and lighting—fit together seamlessly.
Technical—Soft Materials (e.g., makeup, costumes, & textiles) Art Department
Led by the art director, this department contributes to the material appearance of the actors and the set.
- Art Director
- Prop Master
- Costume Designer
- Makeup Artist
Production:Technical—Hard Materials or Equipment (e.g., camera, lenses, microphones, & lighting equipment)
This department is responsible for the sound recording.
- Sound Recordist
The sound recordist manages the sound recorder, which turns the signal from the microphones into a digital file.
- Boom operator
The boom operator holds the microphone above the sound source such as an actor's voice.
2) Photography department
This department is led by the director of photography (DOP), who is the camera and lighting supervisor on the film set. This department is responsible for the lighting and recording images, and is composed of three teams: the camera team, the grip team, and the electrical team.
- Director of Photography—DOP
The DOP’s main responsibilities include: making plans of the basic lighting set-ups in advance, matching camera direction and lighting from shot to shot, determining exposure, setting the composition for the camera operator prior to each take (subject to the director’s approval), supervising all lighting, and taking notes of her lighting set-ups for continuity sake.
1) The Camera Team
The camera team is in charge of recording the image with the camera.
- Camera Operator
The camera operator frames and records the image. Their assistants (see below) help assemble and take care of various equipment (e.g., lenses, the tripod, and the battery) and manage data storage.
- 1st Assistant Camera (also called focus puller) –1st AC
- 2nd Assistant Camera –2nd AC
- Data wrangler
2) The Grip Team and the Electrical Team—G and E
These two teams work in parallel to control the lighting of the set and of the actors. Where the electrical team is in charge of the physical lights, the grips manipulate the light without touching any electrical equipment by reflecting the light or blocking it with flags.
- Chief Electrician
- Head Grip
- Best Boy
- Image Editor
The editors cut and assemble the raw images into a coherent film. This is often referred to as the final writing stage of the film.
- Colorist (also called post digital imaging technician)
The colorist digitally processes every image to achieve the desired hue and contrast.
- Sound Design
The sound editors and designers create the soundscape for the film (e.g., dialogue, ambience, foley, and sound effects), and insert the original musical score, composed by the music composer.