Jean-Philippe Gouin, PhD
Associate Professor, Psychology
PhD (The Ohio State University)
Dr. Gouin, a clinical psychologist, holds a Canada Research Chair in Chronic Stress and Health and leads the Stress, Interpersonal Relationships, and Health Laboratory.
Our research program investigates the impact of chronic stress on health and well-being. Specifically, we examine risk and resiliency psychosocial processes (emotion regulation, interpersonal relationship quality & sleep quality) impacting the negative psychological and physiological consequences of cumulative or chronic exposure to social and environmental stressors over the life course. In this context, we are also interested in identifying neurophysiological indicators of sensitivity to the social environment and vulnerability to stress, with a particular emphasis on oxytocin and heart rate variability.
Current funded studies examine:
-The impact of chronic stress and interpersonal relationships on depression and systemic inflammation among parents of adolescents and adults with neurodevelopmental disorders during the transition to adulthood. Funded by CIHR.
-The role of heart rate variability in the impact of chronic parenting stress on marital quality and dyadic coping processes among parents of young children. Funded by SSHRC.
-The impact of cognitive-behavioural treatment for insomnia on stress-related insomnia, emotion regulation, and inflammation among individuals with primary insomnia and insomnia with comorbid depression. Funded by CIHR.
*We are currently looking for a graduate student or a post-doctoral fellow interested in pursuing research on stress-induced insomnia.
MacNeil, S., Deschenes, S., Caldwell, W., Brouillard, M., Dang-Vu, T.T., & Gouin, JP. (2017). High-Frequency Heart Rate Variability Reactivityand Trait Worry Interact to Predict The Development of Sleep Disturbances inResponse to a Naturalistic Stressor. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 51(6): 912-924.
Gouin, J.P., Scarcello, S., da Estrela, C. Paquin, C., & Barker, E.T. (2016). Dyadic Coping and Inflammation in the Context ofChronic Stress. Health Psychology,35(10), 1081-1084.
Gouin, J.P., Zhou, B., & Fitzpatrick, S. (2015). Social Integration Prospectively Predicts Changes in Heart Rate Variability Among Individuals Undergoing Migration Stress. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 49(2), 230-238.
Gouin, J.P., Deschenes, S., & Dugas, M. (2014). Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia during Worry Forecasts Stress-Related Increases in Psychological Distress. Stress, 17(15), 416-422.
Kiecolt-Glaser, J.K., Gouin, J.P., Glaser, R., Malarkey, W.B., Pang, N. (2011). Childhood Adversity Heightens the Impact of Later-Life Caregiving Stress on Telomere Length and Inflammation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 73(1), 16-22.
Gouin, J.P., Carter, C.S., Pournajafi-Nazarloo, H., Glaser, R., Malarkey, W., Loving, T., Stowell, J., & Kiecolt-Glaser, J. (2010). Marital Behavior, Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Wound Healing. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 35(7):1082-1090