Concordia University

http://www.concordia.ca/content/concordia/en/artsci/health-kinesiology-physiology/faculty.html

Faculty

Richard Courtemanche, PhD

Associate Professor and Chair, Health, Kinesiology and Applied Physiology

Office: L-SP 165-03 
Richard J. Renaud Science Complex,
7141 Sherbrooke W.
Phone: (514) 848-2424 ext. 3302
Email: richard.courtemanche@concordia.ca

Research interests

Neurophysiology, oscillations, movement, synchrony, population coding


Research

Overview

How do neurons talk to one another? Using neurophysiological techniques, students and myself aim to identify how the activity in the brain is coordinated, either in the basic rhythmicity or in a functional manner. We use recordings from many electrodes to describe brain waves and nerve cell activity. In the cerebellum specifically, it is not yet known how groups of cells interact to produce coordinated sensation and behavior. Techniques used in the lab focus on describing the underlying mechanisms shaping populations of neurons, using signals from many single units as well as field potentials in vivo in the awake or anesthetized animal.

I study the neurophysiology of neuronal oscillations, centering on the cerebellum and basal ganglia.

Funding

Academic Unit Head Research stipend

Current lab members

Justin Dionne, M.Sc. student in Exercise Science, 2013-now.
Project: Developing a human posture paradigm as influenced by TENS.


Publications

Frederick A, Bourget-Murray J, Chapman CA, Amir S, Courtemanche R (2014) Diurnal influences on electrophysiological oscillations and coupling in the dorsal striatum and cerebellar cortex of the anesthetized rat. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 8:145 [Abstract] [Content]

Frederick A, Bourget-Murray J, Courtemanche R (2014) Local Field Potential, Synchrony of. In Jaeger D, Jung R (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Computational Neuroscience, Springer NY. [Content]

Courtemanche R, Robinson JC, Aponte DI (2013) Linking oscillations in cerebellar circuits. Front Neural Circuits 7:125. [PubMed] [Content]

Courtemanche R, Chabaud P, Lamarre Y (2009) Synchronization in primate cerebellar granule cell layer local field potentials: basic anisotropy and dynamic changes during active expectancy. Front Cell Neurosci 3:6. [PubMed] [Content]

Levesque M, Langlois JM, Lema P, Courtemanche R, Bilodeau GA, Carmant L (2009) Synchronized gamma oscillations (30-50 Hz) in the amygdalo-hippocampal network in relation with seizure propagation and severity. Neurobiol Dis 35:209-218. [PubMed] [Content]

Tremblay PL, Bedard MA, Levesque M, Chebli M, Parent M, Courtemanche R, Blanchet PJ (2009) Motor sequence learning in primate: role of the D2 receptor in movement chunking during consolidation. Behav Brain Res 198:231-239. [PubMed] [Content]

Dugue GP, Brunel N, Hakim V, Schwartz E, Chat M, Levesque M, Courtemanche R, Lena C, Dieudonne S (2009) Electrical coupling mediates tunable low-frequency oscillations and resonance in the cerebellar Golgi cell network. Neuron 61:126-139. [PubMed] [Content]

Levesque M, Bedard MA, Courtemanche R, Tremblay PL, Scherzer P, Blanchet PJ (2007) Raclopride-induced motor consolidation impairment in primates: role of the dopamine type-2 receptor in movement chunking into integrated sequences. Exp Brain Res 182:499-508. [PubMed] [Content]

DeCoteau WE, Thorn C, Gibson DJ, Courtemanche R, Mitra P, Kubota Y, Graybiel AM (2007) Oscillations of local field potentials in the rat dorsal striatum during spontaneous and instructed behaviors. J Neurophysiol 97:3800-3805. [PubMed] [Content]

DeCoteau WE, Thorn C, Gibson DJ, Courtemanche R, Mitra P, Kubota Y, Graybiel AM (2007) Learning-related coordination of striatal and hippocampal theta rhythms during acquisition of a procedural maze task. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:5644-5649. [PubMed] [Content]

Courtemanche R, Lamarre Y (2005) Local field potential oscillations in primate cerebellar cortex: synchronization with cerebral cortex during active and passive expectancy. J Neurophysiol 93:2039-2052. [PubMed] [Content]

Hutchison WD, Dostrovsky JO, Walters JR, Courtemanche R, Boraud T, Goldberg J, Brown P (2004) Neuronal oscillations in the basal ganglia and movement disorders: evidence from whole animal and human recordings. J Neurosci 24:9240-9243. [PubMed] [Content]

Courtemanche R, Fujii N, Graybiel AM (2003) Synchronous, focally modulated beta-band oscillations characterize local field potential activity in the striatum of awake behaving monkeys. J Neurosci 23:11741-11752. [PubMed] [Content]

Courtemanche R, Pellerin JP, Lamarre Y (2002) Local field potential oscillations in primate cerebellar cortex: modulation during active and passive expectancy. J Neurophysiol 88:771-782. [PubMed] [Content]

Courtemanche R, Sun GD, Lamarre Y (1997) Movement-related modulation across the receptive field of neurons in the primary somatosensory cortex of the monkey. Brain Res 777:170-178. [PubMed] [Content]

Courtemanche R, Teasdale N, Boucher P, Fleury M, Lajoie Y, Bard C (1996) Gait problems in diabetic neuropathic patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 77:849-855. [PubMed] [Content]

Boucher P, Teasdale N, Courtemanche R, Bard C, Fleury M (1995) Postural stability in diabetic polyneuropathy. Diabetes Care 18:638-645. [PubMed] [Content]


Biography

Fun fact

In my dreams, I play tennis really well.

Richard Courtemanche obtained his Ph.D. in Neurological Sciences (2000) from Université de Montréal, working with Dr. Yves Lamarre, and received his M.Sc. in Physical Activity Sciences (1994) from Université Laval under the supervision of Dr. Normand Teasdale. He did his postdoctoral training at the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in the laboratory of Dr. Ann M. Graybiel. He joined the Department of Exercise Science at Concordia in 2002, and was received as a member of the Center for Studies in Behavioral Neurobiology in 2004.


Lab Alumni

Undergrads
Justin DiLiello, volunteer undergraduate research assistant (also through a FRSQ Summer Research Internship), 2011-2012. Project: Building a video analysis Matlab interface for behavioral coding in rats for cerebellar recordings. Moved on to a BSc in Mechanical Engineering.

Ariana Frederick, undergraduate research assistant, Independent Study student, and Honours student in Exercise Science, 2011-2013. Honours Thesis: "Circadian rhythmicity and network electrophysiology in the cerebellum and basal ganglia". Now a M.Sc. student in Biology, Concordia University (Dr. Amir).

Jaymee Shell, volunteer undergraduate research assistant, Honours student in Exercise Science, 2012-2014. Honours Thesis: "Ice hockey stickhandling rhythmic performance and sensorimotor TENS stimulation effects". Now a M.Sc. student in Kinesiology & Physical Education, McGill University (Dr. Pearsall).

Shannon Bellevue, Concordia Science College SCOL student, January-August 2013. Project: Integrating video body orientation and force platform data in rats.

Grads
Jennifer C. Robinson, M.Sc. in Exercise Science, Concordia University, 2007 –2010. Thesis title: Filling in the gaps: Cerebellar granule cell layer oscillations and the role of gap junctions in the anesthetized rat. Now a Ph.D. student in Neuroscience, McGill University (Dr. Williams).

Jonathan Bourget-Murray, M.Sc. student in Exercise Science at Concordia University, 2009 – 2012. Project: Parameters influencing oscillations in the cerebellum and striatum of the rat. 2010 W.R. Sellers Award Winner. Now a M.D. student, McGill University.

Daniel I. Aponte, M.Sc. in Exercise Science, Concordia University, 2010 – 2013. Thesis title: A novel task for evaluating anticipatory postural behaviour in rats. Now a Functional Assessment Platform Coordinator, PERFORM Centre.

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