Concordia University


The New Rural Economy project has always attempted to benefit rural Canadians directly. We try to accomplish this in many ways: by staying in close touch with the residents in the sites involved in our study; by organizing our workshops and conferences in rural communities; by involving government partners and policy makers; and by distributing electronic and printed materials (reports, information flyers, posters, etc.) to rural communities and partners that clearly identify what we have learned and what actions we think can best benefit all rural Canadians.

Visit the 32 study sites for site specific research documents

Organization and Governance-related data

* access to the data requires a researcher registration form


Canadian Longitudinal CSD database

This data set includes all the Census Subdivision (CSD) data collected by Statistics Canada from 1986 to 2016 (both rural and urban). They are all special tabulations based on 2006 CSD boundaries. As a result, they allow longitudinal analysis without the yearly changes created by municipality and urban redefinitions. The data are prepared in SPSS format and instructions for their use are provided. * request access to the data 

Municipal Finance Data

These data were selected from Census Canada data on municipal finance information for 2001. They are prepared for SPSS use. The link include includes a Codebook and Glossary. * request access to the data 

NRE Site Profiles 1998

Profiles for the NRE field sites were prepared in 1998, then updated in 2000, and 2003. The data include narratives as well as more structured information about the characteristics of the field site (e.g. field research logs, respondent-generated maps of their community boundaries, site history descriptions, availability of services, economic fortunes, resource base and amenities, demographic and social changes). The datafile is prepared for SPSS analysis. The workbook information is provided in English and French. * request access to the data 

NRE Site Profile Update, 1999

The NRE site profiles were updated in 1999 with information regarding the voluntary sector. The data are prepared for SPSS analysis. The instrument is provided in English and French. * request access to the data 

NRE Site Profile Update, 2000

The NRE site profiles were updated in 1999 with information regarding the role of small businesses and entrepreneurship. The data are prepared for SPSS analysis. The instrument is provided in English and French. * request access to the data 

NRE Household Survey, 2001

A systematic random survey of households was conducted in the NRE field sites. Topics included were Information about the household composition, major changes in the households and how they coped with them, use of the internet, services used in their community, participation in the community, skills and resources shared with others, the financial situation of the household, and their thoughts about the future. A handbook is also provided that was used by interviewers. The data are prepared for SPSS analysis. The instrument and handbook are provided in English and French. Our sections regarding major changes and how they dealt with them was replicated by Statistics Canada in their 2008 General Social Survey (GSS22: Social Networks, Sections 3 and 4). This allows the comparison of these issues as provided in the NRE field sites with a sample of more than 20,000 Canadians from both urban and rural areas. An example of this analysis can be found in the following document:

Reimer, Bill (2011) “Social Exclusion through Lack of Access to Social Support in Rural Areas” Pp 152-160 in Social Statistics, Poverty and Social Exclusion: perspectives Québébecoises, Canadiennes et internationals, Montréal: Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal. 

request access to the data 

Capacity profiles

Economic capacity profiles: 2004 update: This report summarises the work completed and insights gained from updating Economic Capacity Profiles for the New Rural Economy (NRE2) sites. The initial set of Profiles was based on the 1996 Census and 2001 NRE site profiles data. The updated Profiles are based on 2001 Census data and 2003 NRE site profiles data. Prepared on behalf of New Rural Economy Project of the Canadian Rural Revitalization Foundation by David J. Connell, PhD.

The files below are individual profiles for the NRE Communities included in the Economic Capacity Profiles research.



The following poster series have been prepared to communicate some of our research insights. We encourage you to download these files and use them as posters at your meetings, conferences, or offices – or print them as brochures to include with your distributed information.

“Rural Matters" Series

Nine posters identifying important ways in which rural places matter to all Canadians.
Printable size 13x19 inches

View the posters

“Observations" Series

13 Posters identifying observations about rural and remote Canada, their implications for community development, and related strategies for communities to take action on their development.
Printable size 13x19 inches

View the posters

“Rural-Urban Relations" Series

Eight posters with suggestions for rural communities which wish to increase their sustainability through relations with urban regions.
Printable size 13x19 inches

View the posters

NRE Series

A poster summarizing the objectives, importance, and learnings of the NRE2 project and another which briefly describes the key characteristics of the NRE field sites.
Printable size 46x46 inches and 13x19 inches

View the posters

“Rural Canada Is" Series

Four posters that identify characteristics of rural Canada that are important to all Canadians.
Printable size 13x38 inches

View the posters

In-sites flyers

Effective rural policies needed

Une politique rurale efficace est requise

Rural residents require services, but are flexible on distance 

Les résidents ruraux demandent des services, mais sont flexibles sur la question de la distance

Rural volunteering under threat

Le bénévolat rural est menacé

Rural Communities Are Shrinking In the Global Economy

Les collectivités rurales perdent du terrain dans la courseà la mondialisation des économies

Impediments to Research and Education in Rural Canada

Obstacles à la recherche et à l’éducation au Canada rural

Rural Internet Use for Government Services Lagging 

L’utilisation d’Internet pour l’accès aux services gouvernementaux progresse lentement dans les régions rurales

Internet Use Lagging Behind in Struggling Rural Communities 

L’utilisation d’Internet progresse lentement dans les communautés rurales moins prospères

Social capital, services certainty, asset mobilization and community revitalization: Insights from a coal mine closure in Tumbler Ridge 

Capital social, garanties de services, mobilisation de capitaux et revitalisation de la communauté : Observations sur la fermeture d’une mine de charbon à Tumbler Ridge

Wealth, Age, and Education Play Key Role in Internet Use 

Le statut financier, l’âge et l’éducation jouent un rôle important dans l’utilisation d’Internet

Accessing Health Information Important for All Segments of Society

L’accès à l’information sur la santé est important pour tous les segments de la société

The Aging of Rural Canada’s Volunteer Base 

Le vieillissement des bénévoles au Canada rural

More Middle-Age People in Rural Canada Have Higher Levels of Stress than Other Rural People

Plus de gens d’âge mûr vivent des niveaux de stress élevés que les autres groupes d’âge au Canada rural

The voluntary and business sectors are the partners of local governance most appreciated in rural areas 

Le secteur communautaire et le monde des affaires sont les acteurs de la gouvernance locale les plus appréciés dans les milieux ruraux

Rural dynamics: Catalyst for a New Vision of Tweed, Ontario

Dynamique rurale : Le catalyseur d’une nouvelle vision de Tweed, Ontario

High Levels of Social Cohesion in Rural Communities, Except in Rural Quebec and Among Rural Youth 

Niveaux élevés de cohésion sociale dans les collectivités rurales, sauf au Québec rural et chez les jeunes ruraux

Is “rural” a four-letter word?: Implication of diversity in rural Canada

Rural “ est-il un mot proscrit? : L’implication de la diversité au Canada rural

Voluntary Sector Plays Key Role in Rural Community Leadership 

Le secteur bénévole joue un rôle de premier plan dans le leadership des collectivités rurales

Carden: Resolving Tensions/Building Capacity. To De-amalgamate or Not to De-amalgamate, That is the Question on the Minds of Carden Residents. 

Carden : Résoudre les tensions et renforcer les capacités. Dé-fusionner ou ne pas dé-fusionner?

The residents of Taschereau use the Internet as much as the inhabitants of other communities around the country 

Les résidents de Taschereau utilisent autant Internet que les habitants des autres municipalités au pays.

Taschereau residents are very satisfied with garbage removal services and municipal aqueducts 

Les résidents de Taschereau sont très satisfaits du service de cueillette des ordures et du service municipal d’aqueducs

Taschereau residents get involved in their community by signing petitions and by making cash donations 

Les résidents de Taschereau s’impliquent dans leur communauté en signant des pétitions et en faisant des dons en argent

Residents of Taschereau are less satisfied with their leaders than people in other NRE communities 

La satisfaction des Tascherellois à l’égard de leurs dirigeants est inférieure à celle des autres répondants

Stress levels of Taschereau residents are higher than elsewhere in the country 

Le niveau de stress des résidents de Taschereau est plus élevé qu’ailleurs au pays

About half of Taschereau respondents get involved in voluntary associations 

Près de la moitié des répondants de Taschereau s’impliquent bénévolement dans des associations

Elevators, Doctors, and Libraries: Fighting the Good Fight in Rural Manitoba 

Élévateurs à grain, médecins, et bibliothèques : À la défense de la bonne cause au Manitoba rural

The Growing Gap in Skilled Labour: Rural Areas Need to Focus Labour Force Development with Economic Development Efforts 

Le manque croissant de main-d’oeuvre qualifiée : Les régions rurales doivent allier la formation de la main-d’oeuvre et les efforts de développement économique

Good News, Bad News on Education Attainment Levels for Rural Canada


Relatively Poorer Health of Rural Canadians Poses Economic Development Challenges


New Solutions Needed to Help Rural Households Use the Internet to Overcome the Burden of Distance


Challenges of Using Chat Room Technology for Learning and Networking in Rural Canada


Use of Internet Technology for Communication Among Volunteer Groups in Rural Canada: The Case of Springhill, NS


Searching for Economic Diversity: Community Revitalization in Tumbler Ridge.


Burdening the overburdened: Understanding the rural and small town voluntary sector in health care reform


What works well for innovative service providers and the voluntary sector


Regionalization of Community Services across Canada


Regionalization of Health Services Across Canada


Resource Dependence And Community Well-being In Rural Canada


Are There Differences in Pro-Environmental Behaviour between Rural and Urban Canada?


The Connectedness of Community as an Element in Policy


Women’s Networks and Farm Entry In British Columbia


Funding Voluntary Associations in Rural Canada


Reports for the Rural Secretariat of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Series

Seven Reports on the Identification of Rural Indicators for Rural Communities by the Canadian Rural Revitalization Foundation and the NREProject

Student contributions

Names of students appear in bold in the list below.

Victoria Bell

Report on the "New Century, New Risks" Conference

Angela Briscoe

Report on the "New Century, New Risks" Conference

Angela Briscoe and Bill Reimer

NRE2 Data

Doug Ramsey, Anna Woodrow, Angela Briscoe and Lori Gould

The Changing Nature of Traditional Media in the New Rural Economy

Bill Reimer, Mike Burns, Angela Briscoe, Jamie Dressler, Corrine Harris and Moses Geepu Nah Tiepoh

7 Reports for the Rural Secretariat of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Jennifer Butler

Poster for NRRN Conference, Twillingate NL, October 2005

Evan Dickinson

CAPacity: The Role of Community Access Centres in Building Capacity in Rural Areas

Augustin Ependa 
S.d. Bruno Jean

Mesure du capital social et de la gouvernance locale comme facteurs intangibles de la revitalisation - dévitalisation des communautés rurales canadiennes. (cas des sites NRE)

Bruno Jean with Peter Apedaile, Omer Chouinard, Patrice Leblanc, Augustin Épenda, Steve Plante, Derek Wilkinson

Qu'est-ce que la gouvernance et comment elle peut aider à aménager l'avenir de votre communauté? 

Nancy Gagné & Steve Plante

Production porcine et développement des collectivités rurales: un enjeu pour la gouvernance locale

Dagoberto Hernandez, and edited by Jessica Gallant

Community Tools - Website Descriptions

Doug Ramsey, Anna Woodrow, Lori Gould, Angela Briscoe

The Changing Nature of Traditional Media in the New Rural Economy

Emily Huddart, Tom Beckley, Solange Nadeau, Bonnie McFarlane

Differences in urban and rural environmental values and behaviour

Diane Martz with Rebeka Kennedy-Pruehs & Ingrid Brueckner

Ferintosh, Alberta

Becky Lipton

Master's thesis: Breaking New Ground: Women and Farm Entry in British Columbia

Report on the "New Century, New Risks" Conference

Lindsay Lyghtle

Communication Issues for Volunteer Groups in Rural Canada

Spatial Variation of Technology Mediated Learning in Rural Communities DRAFT

Communication Issues for Volunteer Groups in Rural Canada

Tara Lyons

New Century, New Risks: Challenges for Social Development in Canada

Ellen Wall & Katia Marzall

Climate Change and Adaptive Capacity in Tweed: Profiling Resources

Sharmalene MendisIngrid Brueckner
and Diane Martz

Natural Capital: Working Towards Local-Level Indicators for the NRE2

Sophie Anne Morin

La gouvernance à Cap-à-l'Aigle : quelques résultats préliminaires d'une étude sur le terrain

Cap-à-l’Aigle : Un cas de gouvernance rurale innovante?

Alison Moss

The Use of the Traditional Media in Rural Canada

Sara Teitelbaum, Tom Beckley, and Solange Nadeau

An Assessment of the Practices and Outcomes of Community Forestry in the Canadian Context

Seynabou Sissoko & Omer Chouinard

LE DÉFI DE LA GOUVERNANCE D’UNE COMMUNAUTÉ EN MILIEU MINORITAIRE AU N.-B. : Cas de la coopération interculturelle à Néguac

Sara Teitelbaum

Community Governance of Local Forests: An Emerging Reality?

Moses Geepu Nah Tiepoh and Bill Reimer

Social capital, information flows, and income creation in rural Canada: a cross-community analysis

Deatra Walsh

Assessing the Merits of Collaborative Research

Back to top

© Concordia University