Concordia University

http://www.concordia.ca/content/concordia/en/artsci/physics/research/champagne-research-group.html

Champagne Research Group

Nano-scale quantum electronics and mechanics

This is an image of an atomic mechanical breakjunction

Atomic scale Mechanical Breakjunction

We specialize in:

  • Experimental nano-scale and mesoscopic physics,
  • Electron transport and heat transport in carbon, metallic and semiconducting systems,
  • Nano-resonators and sensors (NEMS) and
  • Quantum mechanics of strongly correlated electron systems.

Part of the widespread interest in nanometer-sized systems is motivated by their capability to combine and hybridize mechanical and electronic properties of materials at the nanoscale. The long term goals of our research are to understand at a fundamental level, and harness into applications, the interplays of structure, electronic degrees of freedom, and correlated electronic phases in nano and mesoscopic systems.

Four specific projects on which we are currently working are: (1) Quantum electronic properties of nanosystems under strain, (2) Heat transport in graphene (relativistic-like electrons), (3) Nano-electro-mechanical sensors (NEMS) based on carbon nanotubes and graphene, (4) Electronic and magnetic properties of Topological Insulators.

Principal Investigator

Alexandre Champagne

Alexandre Champagne, Ph.D.

Graduate Students

Guoqing Wei
Guoqing Wei

M.Sc. student
Graphene Quantum Strain Transistors
Email: guoqing.wei@mail.concordia.ca

Israel Gomez Rebollo
Israel Gomez Rebollo

M.Sc. student
Electro-optics of graphene/boron-nitride heterostructures
Email: rebollo_27@hotmail.com

Linxiang Huang
Linxiang Huang

M.Sc. student
Carbon nanotubes
Email: linxiang.huang@mail.concordia.ca

Wyatt Wright
Wyatt Wright

M.Sc. student
Bilayer Graphene NEMS
Email: wyatt.wright.concordia@gmail.com

Alumni

Fernanda Cristina Rodrigues Machado, B.Sc., Concordia USRA (2019)
Marc Collette, Ph.D. (2019)
Gareth Melin, M.Sc. (2019)
Matthew Storms, M.Sc. (2019)
Andrew McRae, Ph.D. (2018)
Michaël Bertaud-Rainville, B.Sc. (2017)
Simon-Gabriel Beauvais, B.Sc.-Coop intern (2015-16), now a MSc student at U. de Montréal
Serap Yigen M.Sc. (2010) PhD (2015)
James M.Sc.(2015) - now a Ph.D. student in Bioengineering at McGill
Patrick Janeiro B.Sc.(2015) - now a researcher at Nuance Communications
Vahid Tayari, Ph.D. (2014) - now, postdoc with T. Szkopek at McGill
Dhan Cardinal, B.Sc. (2013)
Colleen Kinross, B.Sc., NSERC-USRA (2013)
Andrew McRae, M.Sc. (2013)
Dr. Ying Liu (2012)
Joshua Island, M.Sc.(2011) - now, Ph.D. with H. van der Zant, TU Delft
Serap Yigen, M.Sc. (2010)
Adam Michaels, B.Sc (2012)
Matthew Sarrasin, B.Sc,PHYS 497 (2011)
James Porter, B.Sc, NSERC-USRA and PHYS 497 (2011)
Roopak Singh, B.Sc (2010)
Vincent Grenier, B.Sc, SCOL 290 (2010)
Maryam Tabatabaei, B.Sc (2009)

 

Our laboratory
North side of Dr. Champagne's laboratory North side of the lab.

Our laboratory in located in the basement of the Science Pavillion on the Loyola campus. It is a brand new 65 square-meter laboratory space with a low vibration floor, 5 meter high ceiling, sound proofed pump and service room, fume hood, gas (He, N, compressed air) and vacuum service all around the lab, as well as 2 electrical panels with isolated grounds. We have two low-temperature cryostats, a chemical vapor deposition growth chamber, and many other toys.

Clean room facilities

We make use of a broad array of micro- and nano-fabrication tools at open access clean room facilities located at the Polytechnique Montréal and McGill University in Montreal

Nanoscience Group facilities

Our group is a member of the Nanoscience Group at Concordia which shares a large number of facilities

Instruments located in our lab
Cryogen-free He-3 top-loading VTI cryostat with 9 Tesla magnet
Cryogen-free He-3 top-loading VTI cryostat with 9 Tesla magnet

Low-temperature cryostat (0.3 - 300 Kelvin). Allows a wide range of electron transport experiments in nanosystems as a function of temperature, electric and magnetic field.

Variable temperature cryostat (VTI)
Low-temperature cryostat

Low-temperature cryostat (1.5 - 420 Kelvin). Allows a wide range of electron transport experiments in nanosystems as a function of temperature, electric and magnetic field.

Mechanical breakjunction cryostat (MBJ)
Low-temperature cryostat equipped with a mechanical breakjunction assembly

Low-temperature cryostat (4.2 - 300 Kelvin) equipped with a mechanical breakjunction assembly. Allows a wide range of electron transport experiments in nanosystems as a function of mechanical strain.

14 Tesla superconducting magnet
14 Tesla magnet and its dewar

14 Tesla magnet and its dewar which can be used with both cryostats (VTI and MBJ).

Electrical probe station
Five-probe probe station

Five-probe probe station for sample characterization during microfabrication.

 

Thermal evaporator
Four-source thermal evaporator

Four-source thermal evaporator for thin film depostions.

Chemical vapor deposition system (CVD)
Gas flowmeters and furnace making up the CVD

Gas flowmeters and furnace making up the CVD. The CVD is used for the growth of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and microcrystals of topological insulators (Bi2Se3).

Helium leak detector and turbo-pumping station
Helium-3 and helium-4 leak detector

High precision helium-3 and helium-4 leak detector equipped with a turbo-molecular pump. An additional high-volume turbo-pumping station is used for high vacuum pumping. Permits the operation and maintenance of helium-3 and helium-4 low-temperature cryostats.

Optical microscope
Olympus BX51 optical microscope and XC-50 color digital camera system

High resolution Olympus BX51 optical microscope and XC-50 color digital camera system. Allows easy identification of graphene (carbon monolayer) crystals and characterization of micro-lithography.


  1. A. C. McRae, G. Wei, and A. R. Champagne, Graphene Quantum Strain Transistors. Phys. Rev. Applied 11, 054019 (2019). PDFSupplemental material 1Supplemental material 2.

  2. A. C. McRae, V. Tayari, J. M. Porter, and A R. Champagne, Giant electron-hole transport asymmetry in ultra-short quantum transistors, Nature Communications 8, 15491 (2017). PDF Supplementary Information

  3. V. Tayari, A. C. McRae, S. Yigen, J. O. Island, J. M. Porter, and A. R. Champagne, Tailoring 10 nm Scale Suspended Graphene Junctions and Quantum Dots , Nano Letters, 15; 114 (2015). PDF

  4. S. Yigen, and A. R. Champagne, Wiedemann-Franz Relation and Thermal-transistor Effect in Suspended Graphene, Nano Letters, 14; 289 (2014). PDF Supplemental Online Information

  5. S. Yigen, V. Tayari, J. O. Island, J. M. Porter, and A. R. Champagne, Electronic Thermal Conductivity Measurements in Intrinsic Graphene, Physical Review B, 87; 241411(R)(2013) PDF Supplemental Information

  6. J. O. Island, V. Tayari, A. C. McRae, and A. R. Champagne, Few-hundred GHz Carbon Nanotube NEMS, Nano Letters, 12; 4564 (2012) PDF Supporting Information

  7. J. O. Island, V. Tayari, S. Yigen, A. C. McRae, and A. R. Champagne, Ultra-short suspended single-wall carbon nanotube transistors, Applied Physics Letters, 99; 243106 (2011) PDF

    Press coverage: featured in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscience and Technology

  8. J. J. Parks, A. R. Champagne, T. A. Costi, W. W. Shum, A. N. Pasupathy, E. Neuscamman, S. Flores-Torres, P. S. Cornaglia, A. A. Aligia, C. A. Balseiro, G. K.-L. Chan, H. D. Abruña, and D. C. Ralph, Mechanical control of spin states in spin-1 molecules and the underscreened Kondo effect, Science, 328; 1370 (2010) PDF Supporting Information

    Press coverage: featured in Science and Nature Nanotechnology and many other press releases.

  9. A. D. K. Finck, A. R. Champagne, J. P. Eisenstein, L. N. Pfeiffer and K. W. West, Area Dependence of Interlayer Tunneling in Strongly Correlated Bilayer Two-Dimensional Electron Systems at νT=1, Physical Review B, 78; 075302(2008) PDF

    Press coverage: featured in Physics

  10. A. R. Champagne, A. D. K. Finck, J. P. Eisenstein, L. N. Pfeiffer and K. W. West, Charge Imbalance and Bilayer Two-Dimensional Electron Systems at νT=1, Physical Review B, 78; 205310(2008) PDF

    Press coverage: featured in Physics

  11. A. R. Champagne, J. P. Eisenstein, L. N. Pfeiffer and K. W. West, Evidence for a Finite-Temperature Phase Transition in a Bilayer Quantum Hall System, Physical Review Letters, 100; 096801(2008) PDF

  12. J. J. Parks, A. R. Champagne, G. R. Hutchison, S. Flores-Torres, H. D. Abruna and D. C. Ralph, Tuning the Kondo Effect with a Mechanically Controllable Break Junction, Physical Review Letters, 99; 026601(2007) PDF

    Press coverage: featured in Nature Nanotechnology

  13. A. R. Champagne, A. N. Pasupathy and D. C. Ralph, Mechanically Adjustable and Electrically Gated Single-Molecule Transistors, Nano Letters, 5; 305(2005) PDF

  14. A. R. Champagne, A. J. Couture, F. Kuemmeth and D. C. Ralph, Nanometer-Scale Scanning Sensors Fabricated Using Stencil Lithography, Applied Physics Letters, 82; 1111(2003) PDF

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