- The president of the United States should issue an executive order establishing the prevention of mass atrocities as a policy priority.
- The US Congress should create a Caucus for the Prevention of Mass Atrocities.
- Members of the US Congress should take individual initiative and use their existing powers and privileges to advocate for the implementation of the responsibility to protect.
- The US Government should foster public discussions on preventing mass atrocities.
- The president should create an Atrocities Prevention Committee to coordinate interagency policy on the prevention of mass atrocities.
- The national security advisor should create an Interagency Policy Committee on Preventing Mass Atrocities to coordinate policy across the executive branch and liaise with the Atrocities Prevention Committee.
- The national security advisor should create standard operating procedures for disseminating intelligence on the risks of genocide and other mass atrocities.
- The US Government should allocate federal funding to institutionalize the prevention of mass atrocities within civilian agencies.
- The US Government should re-establish its soft power capacity by expanding its diplomatic and development corps and enhancing the field training of usaid and State Department officials.
- The Department of Defense should develop and incorporate doctrine and rules of engagement for preventing and responding to mass atrocities and train the US military in civilian protection.
- The prime minister should make preventing mass atrocities a national priority for Canada.
- The prime minister should appoint an international security minister as a senior member of the Cabinet.
- The Government of Canada should support and promote public discussion on Canada’s role in preventing mass atrocities.
- The Parliament of Canada should convert the All-Party Parliamentary Group for the Prevention of Genocide and Other Crimes Against Humanity into a standing joint committee.
- Parliamentarians should exercise individual initiative and use their existing powers and privileges to advocate the implementation of the responsibility to protect as an international norm and a vital part of Canada’s foreign policy.
- The Government of Canada should create an interdepartmental Coordinating Office for the Prevention of Mass Atrocities.
- The Coordinating Office for the Prevention of Mass Atrocities should create standard operating procedures for disseminating intelligence concerning the risks of mass atrocities throughout the whole of government.
- The Government of Canada should establish a Canadian Prevention Corps.
- The Government of Canada should increase its diplomatic and development presence in fragile countries.
- The Government of Canada should continue enhancing the Canadian Forces’ capabilities by increasing its force strength and developing operational concepts, doctrine, force structure, and training to support civilian protection.
- American and Canadian civil society organizations should develop permanent domestic constituencies by forming national coalitions for the responsibility to protect in the United States and Canada.
- American and Canadian civil society organizations should expand their advocacy by targeting local/municipal and state provincial levels of government to support the responsibility to protect.
- American and Canadian civil society groups should develop strategic, outcome-based proposals geared towards key decision makers in the government.
- American and Canadian civil society groups should leverage new information and communications technologies to educate the public and government.
- American and Canadian civil society groups should initiate public discussions on the prevention of mass atrocities and related foreign policy issues.
- Individual journalists, media owners, and managers in the United States and Canada should commit themselves to “the responsibility to report.”