The 10 biggest Oscar snubs of all time
Debate always goes hand in hand with Oscar night ... but this year, more than ever. Among the 20 performance nominations, all are white. This led a number of actors and filmmakers, including Jada Pinkett Smith, Spike Lee and Michael Moore, to boycott the 88th Academy Awards on February 28.
We decided to get in on Sunday night's controversy early by asking Matthew Hays — a journalism, film studies and communications studies professor and part-time faculty member at Concordia — to name the 10 most shocking snubs of all time.
10 shocking Oscar snubs
Hindsight is always 20/20, as they say, but there have been moments in the history of the Oscars when the Academy screwed up so miserably that it's impossible not to gripe.
Here, in no particular order, are 10 key instances in which Oscar night went terribly wrong.
1. Marlon Brando, A Streetcar Named Desire (1951)
Though Humphrey Bogart was solid in The African Queen (1951), for which he won, it is now a given that Marlon Brando changed the course of screen acting with his turn as Stanley Kowalski, ushering in the teachings of Stanislavski and the Method and paving the way for a realistic performance style we now take for granted.
The snub now seems that much harsher, given that three of Brando’s fellow castmates (Vivien Leigh, Kim Hunter and Karl Malden) won Oscars for their performances.
2. Touch of Evil (1958)
Though most people will point to Citizen Kane (1941) as the main Oscar grievance for Orson Welles, I would argue his most exhilarating film is this one, a frantic film noir about corruption gone wild.
Not only is the casting surreal (that's Charlton Heston as a Mexican cop and Marlene Dietrich as a fortune teller), but Welles himself plays a bloated, dishonest police officer in what is arguably his greatest performance. Astonishingly, this wasn't even nominated.
3. Janet Leigh, Psycho (1960)
Shirley Jones — best known for her role as the matriarch in the 1970s sitcom The Partridge Family — is reportedly one of the nicest people ever to work in Hollywood. Thus it's tough to begrudge her role in Elmer Gantry (1960), a film most have forgotten. But that meant the Oscar didn't go to Janet Leigh for her turn as the doomed thief in one of Alfred Hitchcock's most popular films.
Leigh’s performance may have been eclipsed by that of Anthony Perkins as Norman Bates, but the anxiety that runs through her is every bit as important to the success of the film. (Perkins, notably, was so good in the role that he could never really escape it.)
And by the way: Psycho wasn't even nominated in the Best Picture category!
4. Stanley Kubrick
It’s hard to believe, but this late director — widely heralded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers ever — never won a single golden statue, not for 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), Dr. Strangelove (1964), Lolita (1962) nor The Shining (1980).
He joins the overlooked-Oscar shame list, which includes Marlene Dietrich, Greta Garbo, Cary Grant, Peter Sellers, Gena Rowlands, Barbara Stanwyck, Douglas Sirk and the aforementioned Orson Welles, all of whom never won.
Notably, both Charlie Chaplin and Buster Keaton missed out on Best Picture and Best Actor Oscars, but they were given honourary awards to make up for the oversight.
5. All the President’s Men (1976), Network (1976), Taxi Driver (1976)
1976 was a strange year. Rocky took Best Picture. While the film was a crowd-pleaser, that top honour easily should have gone to one of three others on the short list: All the President's Men, Alan Pakula's suspense film about the Woodward-Bernstein myth of taking down President Richard Nixon; Network, Sidney Lumet's take on the future of television (one of the most eerily prescient films ever to come out of Hollywood); or Taxi Driver, Martin Scorsese's astonishingly bleak look inside one man's insanity.
6. Raging Bull (1980)
Martin Scorsese's biopic about legendary boxer Jake LaMotta is a marvel of brilliant cinematography, acting, art direction and editing. Robert De Niro rightly won for Best Actor — he gained a reported 40 pounds to play LaMotta later in life — but the Best Picture award was lost to Ordinary People (1980), a family melodrama that is actually a truly dreadful film.
7. Do the Right Thing (1989)
To say Hollywood has issues about race would be an understatement. This year certainly proved that true, given that Spike Lee's breakout film — about racial division and hatred in Brooklyn — wasn’t even nominated (something Kim Basinger griped about when she presented on Oscar night).
That the winner would be another saccharine take on racial politics, Driving Miss Daisy (1989), only added insult to injury. Lee had made a film that was prescient, basically predicting the 1992 Los Angeles riots.
8. Robert Duvall, The Apostle (1997)
Not only did Duvall write and direct this powerful film, he also took on the central role, appearing in almost every scene. Playing a man who commits a terrible crime and then attempts to redeem himself, Duvall clearly should have taken the Best Actor Oscar.
Instead, the award went to Jack Nicholson — another fine actor, but who won for As Good as It Gets (1997), in which he basically phoned in his standard performance.
9. Gosford Park (2001)
Hollywood rebel and outcast Robert Altman returned triumphantly with this film, a class-conscious murder mystery set in 1930s Britain. That year was a strange one, given that David Lynch's Mulholland Drive (2001) wasn't even nominated.
When Ron Howard's mediocre A Beautiful Mind (2001) was announced as the winner, the cameras captured Altman walking across the room to embrace Lynch. A few years later, I asked Altman what he said to Lynch as they embraced.
“I said, ‘Thank God we didn't win. What a load of nonsense this is,’” he told me.
The Academy gave Altman an honourary Oscar in 2006 to make up for all the snubs.
10. A History of Violence (2005)
What is one of David Cronenberg's finest moments, his genre mash-up (gangster film/film noir/family melodrama/ode to the Western) — which made the 2005 top 10 list of every critic worth his or her salt — wasn't even nominated for an Oscar. A shocking oversight.
This would be the year that Hollywood would attempt to deal with the complexity of racial and ethnic difference with Crash (2005), Paul Haggis's ensemble melodrama, which won Best Picture. But, as many critics pointed out, the results were maddeningly simplistic and often condescending.
Matthew Hays has written about cinema for The Globe and Mail, The New York Times, The Guardian, Cineaste and The Daily Beast. Read his thoughts on the 2016 Academy Awards controversy: "The Oscars aren't just irrelevant. They aren't fun anymore..."