VO2max is an accurate measure of fitness level and can be performed on a treadmill or a cycle ergometer. More, specifically it is the maximum volume of oxygen consumed during an incremental exercise protocol. Throughout the test participants wear a face mask to collect breath-by-breath physiological data and electrodes, for an electrocardiogram (ECG), are placed on the chest to ensure participant safety.
The Cardio-Pulmonary Suite is equipped to conduct research in lung and heart health in a broad range of populations including athletes, healthy, and chronic disease. Staffed by highly trained certified exercise physiologists, this suite can accommodate many research participants and can be modified to meet the requirements of specific research needs.
List of Services
This service provides an accurate measurement of Resting Energy Expenditure (REE) to obtain a precise value of daily energy requirements. This measurement is obtained using the MOXUS system, where participants breathe under a canopy hood for a specified interval of time.
Using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) devices (Impedimed SFB7 or the Bodystat Quadscan 4000), percent body fat can be directly measured.
Pulmonary function tests and breath-by-breath physiological data can be captured on the field or on the ice using the Cosmed K4 b2. This portable device is designed to capture exercise response including oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide excretion (VCO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), energy expenditure, among others.
Breath-by-breath physiological data can be captured under water using the Cosmed K4 b2 along with the Aquatrainer feature. This portable device is designed to capture exercise response including oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide excretion (VCO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), energy expenditure, among others.
The measurement of hemodynamic response can be measured using one or both of the following instruments:
- The HIC-4000I Impedance Cardiograph is a non-invasive instrument for detecting and monitoring bioelectric impedance cardiography (ICG) signals. This system is primarily intended for the assessment of heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, basal thoracic impedance (Zo), rate of change of impedance (dZ/dt), pre-ejection period (PEP), delta-Z (dZ), heart sounds, and respiratory rate (R). A separate unit (SunTech Tango+™) is used in conjunction with the HIC-4000I Impedance Cardiograph to measure blood pressure.
- The Nexfin is a monitoring system used to monitor continuous non-invasive blood pressure and to trend beat-to-beat hemodynamic parameters, including systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, pulse rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, and systemic vascular resistance. The Nexfin uses a single finger sensor wrapped around a participant’s finger to make necessary measurements.
Ambulatory blood pressure data can be continuously recorded up to 24 hours using the AmbuloTM 2400. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse rate can be measured in adults eighteen years and older.
Ambulatory electrocardiogram data can be continuously monitored over a 24 hour period using the Burdick® 5LR digital holter recorder. This system detects and records pacemaker pulses in accordance with the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI).
A complete lung function test including forced vital capacity (FVC), slow vital capacity (SVC), and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) can be measured using our metabolic carts, our portable spirometry units, or our plethysmographs all equipped with BreezeSuiteTM software. Additionally, other measurements can be obtained on our plethysmographs including thoracic gas volume, airway resistance, DLCO, among others.
Our dedicated walking hallway is 17 metres long by 2.4 metres wide and was designed to host a variety of walking tests without interruption. This space can equally be used for any research activity requiring this type of space. Other spaces are available for longer distance walking tests.
As supervisor of the Cardio-Pulmonary suite, Emilie Chan-Thim supports and facilitates research, community and educational activities. Emilie may collaborate with researchers to assist in the project development, study design and research protocols. Emilie is involved in the translation of research into practice and applies this evidence based knowledge into developing and delivering community activities. She also supports educational activities by training interns and planning educative workshops.
Prior to working at PERFORM, Emilie dedicated years working with individuals with cardiac and pulmonary disease. Her graduate research was conducted at Hôpital Sacré-Coeur de Montréal and focused on working with individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) contributing to the guidelines for exercise evaluations, using pulmonary rehabilitation to aid in smoking cessation and using the ambulatory measure of physical activity as a measure of disease severity and prognosis outcome. Emilie implemented a cardiac rehabilitation program based on research literature, the West Island Cardiac Wellness Program, which was a non-for profit multidisciplinary program. She has also worked at the McGill Cardiovascular Health Improvement Program and been an instructor at Concordia University in the Department of Exercise Science teaching Human Physiology II: Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems. Additionally, Emilie has worked with a number of diverse health conditions, which includes working with COPD, cardiac disease, stroke, diabetes, lupus, cancer, pregnancy, osteoporosis and Parkinson’s disease.
Emilie has a doctorate degree in Exercise Physiology obtained from Concordia University and is a certified exercise physiologist with the Canadian Society of Exercise Physiologists (CSEP) and an accredited kinesiologist with the Fédération des kinesiologues (FKQ).
As supervisor of the Cardio-Pulmonary Suite, Amanda is implicated in the development of research projects, whereby she assists in the crafting of study designs and protocols containing exercise testing and/or exercise training components. Moreover, Amanda develops, delivers, and evaluates community programs offered to a wide spectrum of participants, from fitness testing for athletes to programs geared towards improving the well-being and quality of life of individuals with chronic conditions. Her approach is evidence based, continuously striving to ensure participant safety and data integrity.
Prior to working at the PERFORM Centre, Amanda spent 5 years working in cardiac rehabilitation at the West Island Cardiac Wellness Program and as part of her thesis project, developed and implemented a pulmonary rehabilitation program for individuals with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). As a research assistant at l’Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, she was implicated in numerous research projects including a pilot randomized clinical trial on the optimization of pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with COPD, the impact of inhaled corticosteroid use on weight gain in asthmatics, adherence to different exercise-training protocols in individuals with COPD, mild cognitive impairment in moderate to severe COPD, diurnal variations in exercise response in COPD, to name a few.
Amanda possesses a doctorate degree in Exercise Physiology obtained from Concordia University and is a certified exercise physiologist by the Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology (CSEP) and kinesiologist by the Fédération des kinésiologues du Québec (FKQ).
As the technician of the Cardio-Pulmonary Suite, Lloyd is implicated in the development and delivery of community activity, more specifically, conducting fitness evaluations using various types of cardiorespiratory equipment. As well, Lloyd conducts research activities and helps support researchers based on their specific needs.
Prior to working at the PERFORM Centre, Lloyd spent years working at various institutions related to cardiac rehabilitation, private health care, fitness centers, and research. Lloyd was primarily responsible for conducting physical evaluations for diagnostic purposes supervised by general practitioners and cardiologists, for fitness level stratification for elite athletes and for physical activity interventions for research projects.
Lloyd possesses a Master’s degree in Kinesiology and Physical Education from McGill University and a Bachelor’s degree in Exercise Science from Concordia University specializing in Clinical Exercise Physiology. Lloyd is also certified by the Fédération des kinésiologues du Québec (FKQ).
Véronique Pepin is an Associate Professor in the Department of Exercise Science at Concordia University. She is a kinesiologist with work experience and postgraduate training in the areas of clinical exercise testing and exercise training in individuals with cardiorespiratory diseases. Her current research focuses on diurnal variations in common clinical measures in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and on the interaction between physical activity and sleep in various populations. She also has ongoing research activities in pulmonary rehabilitation and collaborates on projects investigating the benefits of exercise training for adults with other clinical conditions (asthma, mild concussion, insomnia, etc.). Her research program has been supported by grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec (FRSQ), the Canadian Lung Association/Canadian Respiratory Health Professionals, the Faculty of Arts & Science at Concordia University, and the Fondation de l’Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal. In addition to her Concordia faculty position, she is a research member of the PERFORM Centre and holds a researcher position at Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal.
Axel is responsible for overseeing research and business development; as well as advise and support the implementation of strategic directives given by PERFORM’s Scientific Director and the executive committee.
Prior to coming to Concordia University, Mr. Bergman spent five years in Europe helping Canadian Bio-technology companies establish their pre-clinical development; and worked extensively with the European Space Agency to help establish a new master’s degree in Space Health and Physiology. Before casting off to Europe, Axel played a key role in establishing the proteomics platform for organ transplant rejection as part of the PROOF Centre (Centre of Excellence in Biomarker Solutions for Health Care), based out of Saint Paul’s and Vancouver General hospitals in Vancouver British Columbia. He also worked five years out of Toronto at Eli Lilly Canada Inc., a global pharmaceutical company as an associate scientist in the analytical chemistry laboratories.
Axel holds a BSc (Hons) in Analytical Chemistry from Simon Fraser University, Vancouver British Columbia; Master’s degree in Space project management from the International Space University, Strasbourg France; Certificate in Project Management from University of British Columbia, and is certified by the Project Management Institute.