Skip to main content


Communication skills

There are three general communication styles: aggressive, passive and assertive. The most effective is the assertive style. Here, you honestly communicate your thoughts and needs in a respectful manner. Some assertive communication strategies include:

Use "I" statements

Through "I" statements you speak about things from your perspective.

  • "I feel anxious that we are going to be late for dinner with friends".
  • "What I want is for us to work together to get the house cleaned up".

"I" statements are helpful to let a person know how their behaviour makes you feel as well as to ask them to change their behaviour. A useful format is:  "When (you)..., I feel...What I need is..." For example, "When you interrupt me, I feel like my contribution doesn't matter. What I need is for you to listen to me until I finish speaking."

Be clear and direct

Adhere to the KISS principle: Keep It Short and Simple.

  • Don't use 50 words when 10 will do.
  • Speak only about what is important.
  • Stay on topic.
  • Don't give conflicting messages.

Use assertive non-verbal communication

Communication includes what you say (verbal) and how you say it (non-verbal). To effectively communicate non-verbally:

  • Maintain eye contact.
  • Smile, where appropriate.
  • Keep a relaxed, comfortable posture.
  • Speak in a clear, steady voice.
  • Use appropriate gestures.


Learning to communicate assertively does not come naturally: it requires effort and practice. Think through what you will say and even practice it out loud before engaging in a conversation.

For detailed information consult the workbook "Assert Yourself" from the Center for Clinical Interventions.

Back to top Back to top

© Concordia University