Skip to main content


The Individualized Program (INDI) exists to promote innovative and creative approaches to issues that are outside the normal boundaries of investigation. Students engage in individualized research initiatives supported by an integrated program of study drawing on the various resources available at the University either within a Faculty or across Faculties.

Program requirements

Candidates admitted to an INDI are required to conform to School of Graduate Studies’ regulations for graduate students.

Most cases

Students applying to the INDI must propose a program involving multidisciplinary scholarship on problems that are not normally within the exclusive province of disciplines represented by departments in this University. For these students, the proposed supervisory committee must involve faculty from at least two different departments.

Limited number of cases

Students may be admitted who propose programs within a single discipline not offering an existing graduate program and involving faculty from only one department/unit.  

Candidates for the PhD

Candidates for the PhD must have completed a master’s degree or its equivalent with high academic standing in a relevant disciplinary area. Doctoral candidates are required to complete a minimum of 90 credits apportioned as follows: 

  • Coursework: 18 credits; **
  • INDI 885 Doctoral Comprehensive Examination (3 credits);
  • INDI 887 Doctoral Thesis Proposal (3 credits); and
  • INDI 890 Doctoral Research and Thesis (66 credits).

The minimum period of residence is 24 months of full-time study, or its equivalent in part-time study. 

Candidates for the master’s

Candidates for the master’s must have completed a bachelor’s degree with high academic standing in a relevant disciplinary area or its equivalent. Master’s candidates are required to complete a minimum of 45 credits apportioned as follows:

  • Coursework: 18 credits; **
  • INDI 687 Master’s Thesis Proposal (3 credits); and 
  • INDI 690 Master’s Research and Thesis (24 credits). 

The minimum period of residence is 12 months of full-time study, or its equivalent in part-time study.

** Candidates are normally required to take a minimum of 6 credits in regularly scheduled graduate courses, plus one 3-credit research methodology seminar in their first or second year. The latter seminar explores methodological issues relevant to the principal area of the student’s research. It is chosen in consultation with the student’s Principal Supervisor. Please note that special permission from the departments in question (Chair or Graduate Program Director and Instructor) is necessary in order to have access to these courses.


An INDI thesis represents a unique contribution to scholarship undertaken while the student is enrolled in the program. The master’s and doctoral theses in cognate areas will normally provide an appropriate guide to the format and scope of INDI thesis requirements.

In the case of a nontraditional thesis - such as one involving a creative production - the requirement of scholarly contribution still applies. Thus, while a thesis may present a creative work as its central focus, it should nevertheless provide a scholarly discussion placing that work in the context of related ideas and works. As in the case of traditional theses, the nontraditional thesis is submitted to an oral examination where it is exposed to scholarly criticism and where the student is given an opportunity to defend it.

The thesis defence at the doctoral level must provide for the inclusion of one external examiner and one internal-external examiner. At the master’s level the thesis defence will include the student’s principal supervisor and at least two other committee members, one of whom may be an external examiner.

Apply now

Ready to join the ranks of a vibrant, creative and forward-looking university? 

© Concordia University