Our project aims to capture data pertaining not only to those students who are enrolled, but also those who may have abandoned a career path in law or education as a result of Law 21.

This information will be made available for use by different parties seeking to assess the law’s impact on both a personal and a collective level.

Filling a critical gap in published research

In December 2019, the Quebec Court of Appeals rejected the petition to suspend Law 21 pending the Quebec Superior Court’s ruling on cases, anticipated for October 2020. This decision was later upheld by the Supreme Court of Canada in May 2020.

In the decision, Judge Mainville stated that there was insufficient evidence to conclude that the law would cause irreparable harm as there are no published studies that indicate how many people might be affected by the law, nor studies that measure how the law may affect men and women differently.

As the judge’s comments indicate, there is a critical gap within the scholarship on Quebec’s secularism policies. While much has been written on the legal and political significance of Law 21, there is a gap of published research measuring the real effect of this legislation on individuals.

Informing public debate

In addition to learning more about students and recent employees in education and law, we seek to inform public debate through centralizing information about Law 21 and its impact in a readily accessible format.


This study includes the voluntary survey of students who are enrolled in or who have recently graduated from law and education programs within Quebec or who are planning to attend school in either discipline.

Further work will include qualitative interviews and analysis of admissions statistics.

Contact us

For more information, email:

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