*This poster won second place in the Graduate Student Poster Competition.
The purpose of this study is to review existing research to assess if the restoration of coastal wetlands in the Bay of Fundy area is a sustainable adaptation method for combating sea level rise and climate change. One of the biggest threats to coastal lands in Atlantic Canada is inundation due to sea level rise as a result of climate change. Current research indicates that wetlands act as natural flood barriers, contain rich ecosystems, and have high rates of carbon sequestration. Thus, policymakers are increasingly considering restoration of wetlands through the removal of existing flood barriers as an adaptive mitigation method. This is the case for the Bay of Fundy area, where an estimated 85% of salt marshes have been lost primarily due to dyking for agricultural land, which began with Acadian settlers over 350 years ago. These dykelands provide critical opportunities for restoration, and conversions have begun in the region over 40 years ago. Therefore, this study reviews the existing literature to assess wetland restoration in the Bay of Fundy area as a sustainable management practice. In this poster, I highlight the complexities involved in assessing the overall success and net-benefits of wetland conversion projects, and emphasize the important factors that need to be considered when evaluating their efficiency. A survey of the literature reveals key factors such as the cost effectiveness, carbon accumulation rates, hydrology functions, as well as the importance of engaging in qualitative assessments with stakeholders as essential components for evaluating restoration feasibility. Moreover, current research also provides suggestions for future assessments, for example the importance of site-specific evaluations and topographic data. It is clear that gaps and unexplored areas exist in the field of research of restored wetlands. Consequently, there is an increased need for data and information for decision makers in relation to coastal wetland restoration, in order to improve and create sustainable cost-effective strategies for mitigating coastal threats in the Bay of Fundy region.