# Concordia University

http://www.concordia.ca/content/concordia/en/research/learning-performance/tools/learning-toolkit/elm/features.html

# Features

Inspired by the notion that mathematics is a universal language, ELM aims to:

1. Increase the proportion of students who can select and use appropriate mathematical tools as well as understand information presented in mathematical terms;
2. Increase the number of students achieving a high level of numeracy proficiency level, thus making them more likely to choose a career in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics;
3. Decrease the proportion of students who experience mathematics anxiety, thus helping them to become intrinsically motivated, feel competent and be likely to self-regulate their learning of mathematics;
4. Prepare students for advanced studies in math by focusing on the precursors to ideas in higher mathematics, yet remaining firmly rooted in the curriculum of Grade 1 mathematics.

## ELM Structure

ELM is organized into Themes (an overarching branch of mathematics), which are then divided into different Ideas (mathematical concepts). Each Idea has a certain number of Steps that use carefully sequenced activities to build children’s understanding of the concept.

Through ELM, children gain skills and confidence in:

Number Concept: Count, Compare, Add, Subtract, Decompose, Place Value.

Geometry: Identify shapes.

Patterns: Translate patterns.

Data: Bar graphs and tables.

Number Line: Number as displacement.

## Feedback

ELM provides meaningful, non-threatening audio/visual feedback. Activities are not timed and children always have access to a help button. If a child makes multiple errors in a row, ELM suggests that they ask their teacher for help. The teacher will receive notifications about which students are experiencing difficulties.

## Animal Friends

ELM uses a game-like structure in which children gradually fill in missing pieces of puzzles by completing activities. Once they complete a puzzle, they gain an animal friend trading card. Classroom observations reveal that children enjoy collecting, reading, and discussing the animal friend cards, which provide interesting information about the animal.