Our critical framing analysis employs a coding method. Articles for each city are selected using a keyword search in one of three databases: Eureka, Factiva and Proquest.
The keywords used for the selection are: immigr*, alien*, reasonable accommodation, undocumented, poverty, homeless, pauvreté, itinerance, sans-abris, + city name, whenever they occur in the same paragraph.
We then code the ways in which the articles are framed on both procedural and substantive levels:
- how the article frames judgements on a positive or conditional opening toward, or outright rejection of, key issues that connect with the subjects of poverty or immigration
- the external or internal sources that are cited to establish authority for the stories
- the rational, moral or emotional tones used in the address.
The levels of hospitality or openness to issues, the types of citation that lend authority to claims, and the emotional-volitional tones are taken as ways to pinpoint the distances between the subjects of the reports and the implied audiences. These are the indicators we use to understand where and how to rewrite reports and how to cover news stories from these communities in a dialogic fashion.
Internal research data
- Special issue of About Journalism on Poverty and Journalism
- Immigration and Poverty Coding Manual - abrigded version
- Immigration and Poverty data set graphs 2007-2008-2009: Montreal and New York
- Immigration Data
- Immigration Charts
- Poverty data set graphs 2010-2011: London, Los Angeles, Miami, Montreal, New York, Paris, Toronto and Vancouver
External research data
- World Income Inequality Database
- International Migration Outlook 2014
- Unauthorized Immigrant Population: National and State Trends, 2010
- Think differently Humanitarian impacts of the economic crisis in Europe
- Shadow Economies: Economic Survival Strategies Of Toronto Immigrant Communities
- Le guide L'AVEC pour faire ensemble réalisé par le collectif VAATAVEC