The question of collective action has always been a conundrum that fascinated social scientists. Within the context of environmental public goods and sustainability, in particular, a long history of scholarship focuses on the factors that encourage or hinder successful collective action. A substantial body of work now exists on the emergence, dynamics and effectiveness of environmental collective action, focusing on a variety of forms it takes, such as compliance with regulations, material or labour contributions to an environmental public good, and time and resources devoted to collectively organize resource regulation and ensure implementation.
While a particular form of collective action, namely environmental mobilisations, has received little attention within this literature, it has been studied extensively within political ecology and the framework of environmental conflicts. A renewed interest in environmental collective action can be discerned also within the tradition of Ecological Economics, as attested by the theme of the 2018 Biannual Conference of International Society for Ecological Economics: Ecological Economics and Socio-ecological Movements.
This presentation aims to complement these seemingly disparate bodies of literature towards a more dynamic and comprehensive understanding of environmental collective action by theoretical insights and empirical findings from Turkey. In doing so it will highlight the hitherto understudied factors that impinge on environmental collective action, by focusing explicitly on cases of non-mobilization vs. mobilization.
About the Speaker:
Having complete a Ph.D. in Economics at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst in 2011, Dr. Bengi Akbulut went on to a visiting research fellowship at the University of Manchester, School of Environment and Development and to independent research in Istanbul, Turkey. Dr. Akbulut joined the Department of Geography, Planning and Environment at Concordia University as Assistant Professor in 2017. She is the author of numerous articles and book chapters on political economy, development economics, ecological economics, political ecology, feminist economics, state-society relationships, alternative economies, and social movements.