Molecular Clusters: Building Blocks for Nanoelectronics and Material Design
Dr. Xavier Roy(Columbia University)
Title: The programmed assembly of nanoscale building blocks offers exciting new avenues to creating electronic devices and materials in which structure and functions can be chemically designed and tuned. In this context, the synthesis of inorganic molecular clusters with atomically-defined structures, compositions and surface chemistry provides a rich family of functional building elements. This presentation will describe our efforts to assemble such “designer atoms” into a variety of hierarchical structures and devices, and study the resulting collective properties. In one design, single clusters are wired into electrical junctions that can be operated as molecular-scale transistors. The single cluster devices exhibit room-temperature current blockade below a threshold voltage, and they can be “turned on” by applying an electrochemical potential across the junction, enabling the temporary occupation of the cluster core states by sequential transiting carriers. A second area of exploration is in creating solid state materials in which preformed clusters emulate the role of atoms in traditional “atomic” solids. These materials offer a unique opportunity to combine programmable building blocks and atomic precision. As such, they bridge traditional crystalline semiconductors, molecular solids, and nanocrystal arrays by synergizing some of their most attractive features. Recent synthetic advances to develop this concept into a “modular” platform for materials design will be presented. It will be shown that novel, tunable, collective properties (magnetic, optical, electrical and thermal transport) emerge from specific interactions between the building blocks within these assemblies.
Bio: Xavier Roy received a B.Eng. (2002) and a Master of Applied Science (2005) in Chemical Engineering from Ecole Polytechnique of Montreal, performing research under the guidance of Prof. Basil Favis. He earned his Ph.D. in Chemistry with Prof. Mark MacLachlan at the University of British Columbia in 2011, working as an NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Scholar. He went on to do postdoctoral research as a Canada NSERC Postdoctoral Fellow with Prof. Colin Nuckolls at Columbia University from 2011 to 2013. He joined the Columbia University Faculty in 2013 as an Assistant Professor of Chemistry, and was promoted to the rank of Associate Professor in 2018.
Dr. Roy is the guest of Dr. Marek Majewski