This workshop aims to introduce the participants to the basics of social science discourse analysis, i.e. to a family of approaches that emphasise the constructed nature of the social and the importance of struggles over interpretive and definitory hegemony for the definition of social and political “realities”.
It starts with an introduction to the theoretical and epistemological bases of (poststructuralist) discourses analysis, then moves on to practical exercises with various types of data (for example media data, speeches or interviews) whose aim is to illustrate how discourse analytical research is concretely done. These exercises will also raise issues such as validity criteria, the nature and limits of interpretation, and how to write up this type of research convincingly. Finally, we will briefly consider various “schools” of discourse analysis and discuss the usefulness of discourse analytical work for various disciplines.
The workshop will consist of (interactive) lectures and various practical exercises. By the end of the workshop, the participants should have gained a basic understanding of:
- The theoretical bases of discourse analysis and the type of research questions that it can help to address;
- Some key tools of discourse analysis and how they can help "opening up" data (analysis of systems of meanings, framings, categorisations, genealogical analysis, etc.);
- The practical steps of a discourse analytical approach;
- The typical limitations and problems of discourse analysis, applicable quality criteria;
- What to pay attention to when writing up discourse analytical research.
The workshop welcomes participants with a variety of backgrounds. However, it will be particularly useful to:
- participants with little or no prior knowledge of discourse analysis who wish to get some insights into this methodology;
- participants who have some acquaintance with discourse analysis but who feel the need to discuss and reflect on their own practices.
Participants who have little or no background in qualitative data analysis may want to consider also attending the Content and Thematic Analysis workshop as a preparation.