Concordia University

http://www.concordia.ca/content/concordia/en/academics/graduate/calendar/current/fasc/econ.html

Economics

Doctor of/Doctorate in Philosophy (Economics)

Admission Requirements. A Master of/Magisteriate in Arts in Economics from a recognized university with a cumulative GPA of 3.50 or equivalent. Students with a high standing in a master’s degree or equivalent in other fields, such as commerce, mathematics or business administration from a recognized university may be admitted, subject to satisfactory completion of qualifying requirements, if necessary. Students with a BA (honours) or equivalent with high standing in economics may apply for admission directly to doctoral studies.

TOEFL Requirement. The Department of Economics recommends students for admission with TOEFL iBT total scores of at least 90 (or 577 for TOEFL PBT). The following scores in the essay/written expression section are also required: TOEFL iBT, 23 (TOEFL PBT, 5.0).

GRE. While writing the GRE is not required, such scores certainly enhance an application for admission and especially for funding.

Requirements for the Degree

  1. Credits. A fully-qualified candidate entering the program with a master’s degree is required to complete a minimum of 90 credits.

  2. Residence. The minimum period of residence is two calendar years (6 terms) of full-time graduate study beyond the master’s degree, or three calendar years (9 terms) of full-time graduate study beyond the bachelor’s degree for those permitted to enrol for doctoral studies without completing a master’s degree. A period of full-time study, allowed or required by the Department to be spent at another institution with adequate research facilities, may be offered towards partial fulfillment of the residence requirements for the degree of PhD at Concordia University. In each case, the Department must obtain approval of the Council of Graduate Studies.

  3. Courses. All PhD candidates must take ten one-term graduate courses (30 credits) selected from the Departmental offerings, six of which must be ECON 612: Microeconomics I, ECON 613: Microeconomics II, ECON 615: Macroeconomics I, ECON 616: Macroeconomics II, ECON 680: Econometric Theory I and ECON 681: Econometric Theory II, plus four program electives. A recognition of past graduate work as partial fulfillment of the course requirements for the PhD degree is at the discretion, and subject to the approval of, the Graduate Program Director and the Dean of Graduate Studies. (See the regulation concerning transfer credits in this calendar.) Note: If students have taken courses that are required for the PhD program as part of their MA studies, they must substitute them with a maximum of three directed research courses and electives in order to complete the 30 credits required in the PhD program. The directed research courses are chosen in consultation with the thesis supervisor; they are graded pass/fail and are comprised of independent research work carried out under the direction of the thesis supervisor.

  4. Research Seminar. All candidates must take ECON 806: Doctoral Research Seminar (6 credits) requiring the presentation of a paper. This seminar is intended to aid in the development of a doctoral thesis proposal.

  5. Comprehensive Examinations. All candidates must pass three examinations (6 credits) in the areas of: Microeconomic Theory, Macroeconomic Theory and Econometrics. Each of these examinations is set, read and marked by members of the Department. These examinations must be passed before a student enrols in ECON 806.

  6. Fields of Specialization. Each PhD student must have 2 fields of specialization, either as part of the degree of MA or within the students’ PhD program. In order to do this the student must successfully complete 2 courses from the sequences offered in any of the following fields: Economic Development; Financial Economics; Industrial Economics, International Economics; Labour Economics; Public Economics; or 3 courses in one of Econometrics, Macroeconomics or Microeconomics.

  7. Language Requirement. PhD candidates must pass an examination in French. International students may, with the approval of the Department, replace French with another language in which there exists a sufficiently large economics literature.

  8. Thesis. A candidate who has passed the PhD comprehensive examinations must submit in writing to the Graduate Program Director a detailed proposal of a thesis topic. Candidates proceed to work on the thesis (48 credits) only after obtaining approval of the topic from both the Graduate Studies Committee in the Department and the thesis supervisor.

Academic Regulations

  1. GPA Requirement. The academic progress of students is monitored periodically. To be permitted to continue in the program, a student must obtain a cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 3.00 based on a minimum of 12 credits. Students whose GPA falls below 3.00 are considered to be on academic probation during the following review period. Students whose GPA falls below 3.00 for two consecutive review periods are withdrawn from the program.

  2. C Rule. Students who obtain less than a grade of B- in a course are required to repeat the course or take another course. Students receiving more than one C grade will be withdrawn from the program.

  3. F Rule. A student who receives a failing grade in the course of a PhD program will be withdrawn from the program. Students may apply for re-admission. A student who receives another failing grade after re-admission will be withdrawn from the program and will not be considered for re-admission.

  4. Time Limit. All work for the degree of PhD must be completed within 18 terms (6 years) of full-time study or 24 terms (8 years) of part-time study from the time of initial registration in the program.

  5. Graduation Requirement. In order to graduate, students must have a cumulative GPA of at least 3.00.

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Master of/Magisteriate in Arts (Economics)

Admission Requirements. An honours degree in economics, from a recognized university, or the equivalent, with a cumulative GPA of 3.00 is required. An applicant may be required to take up to 12 prerequisite undergraduate credits in addition to, but as part of, the regular graduate program. Some applicants may be required to pass a qualifying program, as a condition for entry into the regular MA program.

TOEFL Requirement. The Department of Economics recommends students for admission with TOEFL iBT total scores of at least 90 (or 577 for TOEFL PBT). The following scores in the essay/written expression section are also required: TOEFL iBT, 23 (TOEFL PBT, 5.0).

The Economics Co-operative Program is offered to those enrolled in an MA Program in Economics. The academic content of the Co-operative Program is identical to that of the regular program, but three Study Terms are interspersed with two Work Terms. Students are supervised personally and must meet requirements specified by the Faculty of Arts and Science, the School of Graduate Studies and the Institute for Co-operative Education. As employment opportunities primarily exist in the Canadian public sector, the program is presently restricted to Canadian citizens.

Requirements for the Degree

  1. Credits. A fully-qualified candidate is required to complete a minimum of 45 credits.

  2. Residence. The minimum residence requirement is one year (3 terms) of full-time study, or the equivalent in part-time study.

  3. Courses. A fully-qualified candidate is required to take three 3-credit courses Microeconomics I (ECON 612), Macroeconomics I (ECON 615) and Econometrics I (ECON 680) and five additional 3-credit courses selected in consultation with the Graduate Program Director.

  4. Research Paper. Each student must write a research paper (ECON 703, 21 credits) demonstrating an application of knowledge in a particular area of economics. The topic of the research paper must be approved by the Graduate Program Director and a full-time member of the Department who is prepared to act as supervisor. The research paper is prepared under the guidance of the supervisor who must approve and recommend the final version for examination by an independent member of the Department appointed by the Graduate Program Director.

  5. Fields of Specialization. Each MA student is required to complete one field of specialization by successfully completing 2 courses from the sequences offered in any of the following areas: Econometrics, Economic Development; Financial Economics; Industrial Economics; International Economics; Labour Economics; Macroeconomics; Microeconomics; Public Economics.

Academic Regulations

  1. GPA Requirement. The academic progress of students is monitored periodically. To be permitted to continue in the program, a cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 3.00 based on a minimum of 12 credits, is required. Students whose GPA falls below 3.00 are considered to be on academic probation during the following review period. Students whose GPA falls below 3.00 for two consecutive review periods are withdrawn from the program.

  2. C Rule. Students in master’s programs are allowed to receive no more than one C grade in order to remain in good standing in the university.

  3. F Rule. Students who receive a failing grade in the course of their studies will be withdrawn from the program. Students may apply for re-admission. Students who receive another failing grade after re-admission will be withdrawn from the program and will not be considered for re-admission.

  4. Time Limit. All work for the degree of MA by full-time study must be completed within 12 terms (4 years) from the time of initial registration in the program at Concordia University; for part-time students the time limit is 15 terms (5 years).

  5. Graduation Requirement. In order to graduate, a student must have a cumulative GPA of at least 3.00.

Courses

Graduate courses offered by the Department of Economics fall into the following categories:

ECON 610-619 Economic Theory 
ECON 620-629 Economic Development and Planning 
ECON 640-645 Financial Economics 
ECON 656-658 Public Economics 
ECON 660-669 International Economics 
ECON 670-674 Industrial Economics 
ECON 675-679 Labour Economics 
ECON 680-689 Econometrics 
ECON 690-693 Mathematical Economics

Elective Courses

A selection from the following courses will be offered each year. Information about the particular offerings in a given year is available from the Department. All courses are one-term, 3 credit courses.

Economic Theory

ECON 612 Microeconomics I
Prerequisite: ECON 501 and 525; or equivalent.
This course is devoted to modern consumer and producer theories. Consumer theory is presented first, and at some length, due to its inherent importance, as well as the overlap between the methods and results in this area and in producer theory. Producer theory is dealt with next. In this section of the course, the similarities and differences between these two important building blocks of modern microeconomics are emphasized.

ECON 613 Microeconomics II
Prerequisites: ECON 612 and 614.
This course covers a number of topics in microeconomic theory. Main topics include general equilibrium theory and welfare economics, topics in the theory of information, contracts and principal-agent problems, and selected topics in game theory.

ECON 614 Game Theory
Prerequisite: ECON 612.
This course offers an in-depth coverage of some important topics in mostly non-cooperative but also cooperative game theory. Although formal reasoning, precise definitions and proofs are part of the course, emphasis is placed on the importance and use of the various concepts in economics. Main topics include Nash equilibrium and subgame perfection, correlated equilibria, rationalizability, zero sum games, repeated games, (perfect) Bayesian Nash equilibrium, core Shapley value, bargaining problems, and stable sets.

ECON 615 Macroeconomics I
Prerequisites: ECON 503 and 525; or equivalent.
The objective of this course is to introduce students to advanced theories and mathematical tools for rigorous analysis of various macroeconomic issues. Topics covered include consumption, investment, inflation and economic growth theories including Solow, Ramsey-Cass-Koopmans, and endogenous growth models.

ECON 616 Macroeconomics II
Prerequisite: ECON 615.
This course studies various issues in macroeconomic theory within a dynamic general equilibrium framework. Topics covered vary from year to year. However, the first part of the course is usually an initiation into useful techniques such as dynamic programming and the numerical methods.

ECON 618 Monetary Economics
Prerequisite: ECON 615.
This course includes the theory of money, monetary policy, payment systems, and banking. Among the available models, there will be a particular focus on the New Keynesian model as a framework to analyze monetary policy. Alternative models of money, such as search-theoretic models, are also studied.

ECON 619 Political Economy
Prerequisites: ECON 614 and 615.
This course studies how conflicts of interest are resolved through political institutions in democratic countries. In the first half of the course, tools and models that are useful in the analysis of voting and elections, bargaining in legislatures, and special interest politics are studied. In the second half, these tools are applied to examine: (1) how macroeconomic polices are made through the political process; (2) why inefficient policies may be chosen in the end; and (3) how constitutions (indirectly) shape public policy and consequently the economic outcomes of nations.

Economic Development and Planning

ECON 620 Development Planning I
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 503 and ECON 525; or equivalent.
This course deals with the main consistency models used in development planning. Aggregate macro-models, extensions of two-gap models and multisectoral consistency models are studied in detail. On the basis of case studies, special attention is given to the building of such models, to their limitations for policy users and to their possible improvement in the case of limited statistical information.

ECON 621 Development Planning II
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 503 and 525; or equivalent.
The main purpose of this course is the study of aggregate and disaggregate optimization models applied to development planning. The theoretical discussions are complemented with the use of these models to study different policy issues.

ECON 622 Economic Development
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 503 and 525; or equivalent.
Modern theories of economic development are presented. Topics include microeconomic reform and transition in developing economies, income inequality and enterprise and, foreign investment and technology flows as a means to development. In addition, analytical techniques used in the study of structure and functioning of developing economies are presented.

ECON 623 Growth and Development
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 503 and 525; or equivalent.
This course examines a series of models that are relevant to the study of economic growth and development. These two issues are studied from a macroeconomic perspective; that is, emphasis is placed on highly stylized models characterized by rational decision making within a dynamic environment.

ECON 624 Topics in Economic Development
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 503 and 525; or equivalent.
Why are some countries poor and others rich? What can account for cross-country differences in fertility and mortality rates? In gender gaps, civil war, and school attainment? Why did the industrial revolution start in Europe? Why did Europe colonize the rest of the world, rather than the other way around? Why are some former colonies (e.g., U.S., Canada) so much richer than others (e.g., India and Zimbabwe)? This course presents research which addresses these issues. While emphasis in on theoretical research where overlapping-generations models are used to generate multiple steady-state equilibria, empirical work is also examined.

Financial Economics

ECON 642 Financial Economics I
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 503 and 525; or equivalent.
This course is the first of a two course sequence in financial economics, and is intended to provide an introduction to contemporary theoretical and empirical modeling in financial markets. The course provides a foundation for more advanced work in financial economics while allowing students without an exceptionally strong mathematical background to become familiar with the discipline. Theoretical topics include measures of risk aversion, stochastic dominance, individual portfolio choice under uncertainty, the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), and the arbitrage pricing theory (APT). Empirical topics include tests of CAPM and the APT, the efficient markets hypothesis, performance evaluation, and event test methodology.

ECON 643 Financial Economics II
Prerequisites: ECON 642 and 680.
This course is the second of a two course sequence in financial economics, and is intended to provide an introduction to several advanced topics in theoretical and empirical financial economics. Theoretical topics include the valuation of state contingent securities, dynamic asset pricing, and continuous time methods. Empirical topics include the time-series properties of returns, traditional structural estimation of asset pricing models of maximum-likelihood (ML) and the generalized method-of-moments (GMM), calibration and simulation, variance bounds tests, and an introduction to empirical methods for continuous time models.

Public Economics

ECON 656 Public Finance: Expenditure
Prerequisites: ECON 501 and 525; or equivalent.
This course deals with welfare economics and the role of the government in supplying goods. The principal topics are the optimal supply of public goods, voting mechanisms and models of preference revelation, consumer’s surplus, externalities in production and consumption, optimal pricing models, the theory of clubs, inequality, cost-benefit analysis, federalism and federal-provincial relations in Canada.

ECON 657 Public Finance: Taxation
Prerequisites: ECON 501 525; or equivalent.
This course analyzes both the descriptive and normative effects of alternative taxation policies on economic behaviour. In the descriptive part it deals with work-leisure choice, saving decisions and the incidence of the corporation income tax. The normative part deals with the optimality issues of income and commodity taxation. Emphasis is given to both analytical and policy considerations.

ECON 658 Environmental Economics
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 525; or equivalent.
This course deals with the inter-relationship between economics and the physical environment. The objective is to depict the problem of environmental quality as an economic problem. The course focuses on the use of concepts and instruments derived from public finance for the resolution of environmental issues. Numerous case studies are discussed.

International Economics

ECON 661 International Trade
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 525; or equivalent.
This course provides a systematic treatment of neo-classical international trade theory, including the theory of comparative advantage, the theory and practice of commercial policy, trade and welfare, and customs union theory. The course emphasizes the interaction of trade theory with policy questions.

ECON 662 International Monetary Economics
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 503 and 525; or equivalent.
This course deals with the specific issues resulting from balance of payments and exchange rates adjustments for open economies. Topics covered in this field include monetary and fiscal policies for external and internal balance, the international transmission of disturbances and adjustments mechanisms, the current account, international capital flows, the foreign exchange markets and the international monetary system.

Industrial Economics

ECON 673 Industrial Organization
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 525; or equivalent.
This course surveys economic models of industrial behaviour. Topics covered include theories of oligopoly, effects of potential entry, product differentiation, advertising, technological change, vertical integration, monopoly and merger issues.

ECON 674 Economics of Regulation
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 525; or equivalent.
This course examines economic theories of regulation as applied to monopolized and competitive industries, together with their policy implications. Topics covered include natural monopoly, contestable markets, effects of “traditional” regulation (such as rate of return and Ramsey pricing), together with an examination of recent theories of optimal regulation under asymmetric information. Topics in the regulation of industries include minimum quality standards, licensing, and predatory business practices.

Labour Economics

ECON 677 Labour Economics I
Prerequisites: ECON 501, 525; or equivalent.
This course covers selected topics in the field of labour economics. The focus of the course is on microeconomic analyses and issues. The emphasis is on the application of some of the ideas from the theories of information, uncertainty, and incentives to the understanding of labour markets and institutions. Topics covered include wage and wage differentials, discrimination, human capital, life-cycle models of labour markets, effects of asymmetric information, self-enforcing implicit contracts, efficiency wage models, principal-agent problems, team production and tournaments.

ECON 678 Labour Economics II
Prerequisites: ECON 612 and ECON 680.
The main objective of this course is to examine a relatively small number of topics in modern labour economics and, ultimately, their empirical and econometric application. The topics covered include static and dynamic models of labour supply, dynamic models of job search and job matching, econometric analysis of labour market transition data, unemployment insurance, and unemployment theories.

Econometrics

ECON 680 Econometric Theory I
Prerequisites: ECON 521 and 525; or equivalent.
The general aim of this course is to discuss some of the fundamental methods of econometrics and their theoretical justification. The course begins with a mathematical and statistical review and moves on to a thorough discussion of the general theory of least squares (including instrumental variables) and maximum-likelihood, their justification and associated tests of significance. Applications include linear, single-equation and simultaneous equations models, some non-linear models, and specification analysis. Students are expected to undertake various exercises, including computer-based applications.

ECON 681 Econometric Theory II
Prerequisite: ECON 680.
This course covers advanced topics in estimation and inference in non-linear econometric models including asymptotic theory, generalized method of moments, quasi-maximum likelihood, simulation based methods, non-parametric and semiparametric estimation, bootstrap methods and robust estimators.

ECON 682 Applied Econometrics: Time-Series
Prerequisite: ECON 680.
This course provides an introduction to statistical techniques for analyzing time-series data. Topics include Box-Jenkins methodology, spectral analysis, forecasting, tests for unit roots, multivariate time-series analysis: vector autoregressions, causality, co-integration, and nonlinear time-series models such as ARCH models.

ECON 683 Applied Econometrics: Microeconometrics
Prerequisites: ECON 680 or equivalent, and one successfully completed graduate level course in econometrics, or permission of the instructor.
This course provides an introduction to statistical techniques and practical aspects of microeconometric analysis. Topics include binary response models, censored and truncated regression models, analysis of categorical survey data, instrumental variables, treatment effects, panel data models with fixed and random effects, analysis of transition data, estimation by simulation, and estimation of dynamic programming models.

Mathematical Economics

ECON 690 Mathematical Economics

Research, Theses, and Preliminary Examinations

ECON 694 Reading Courses in Economics
With the permission of the Graduate Studies Committee a supervised reading course in a specialized area in which no course is offered by the Department.

ECON 695 Seminar in a Special Topic
Recent Special Topics have included: ECON 695C: Monetary Economics; ECON 695D: Game Theory; ECON 695E: Workshop in Advanced Economic Theory; ECON 695G: Applied Industrial Organization; ECON 695H: Empirical Trade; ECON 695J: Political Economics; ECON 695K: Natural Resources and Environmental Economics Workshop.

ECON 703 Master’s Research Paper (21 credits)
ECON 805 Doctoral Comprehensive Examination (6 credits)
ECON 806 Doctoral Research Seminar (6 credits)
ECON 807 Doctoral Thesis (57 credits)

ECON 814 Workshop in Advanced Economic Theory
Prerequisite: Permission of the department.
The workshop is designed for PhD students who have successfully completed their comprehensive examinations and have expressed an interest in Economic Theory. The course involves lectures by participating faculty members and continues with presentations by students. These presentations may involve the student’s own work or an already published paper of great importance to the literature. Topics vary from year to year, with some years devoted to micro-topics and others to macro-topics.
Note: Students who have received credit for this course under ECON 614 may not take this course for credit.

ECON 817 Advanced Macro Theory
Prerequisite: ECON 616.
The course deals with the New Classical and New Keynesian macroeconomics, rational expectations and disequilibrium approaches. Emphasis is placed on model solution techniques, optimal control theory, and stochastic processes. Recent developments in empirical estimation will also be dealt with.
Note: Students who have received credit for ECON 617 may not take this course for credit.

ECON 858 Montreal Natural Resources and Environmental Economics Workshop
Prerequisite: Permission of the department.
This workshop, which is organized through the Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche en Economie Quantiative (CIREQ), is intended for researchers and doctoral students in economics throughout Montreal who are interested in resource and environmental economics. The types of topics that may be dealt with, at an advanced level, are the economic theory of sustainable growth, green accounting, sunk costs and production constraints in natural resource exploitation, the irreversibility of environmental investment decisions, measures of biodiversity and their implications, the optimal order of extraction of natural resources, intertemporal depletion of spatially distributed nonrenewable resources, property rights and natural resource exploitation, applications of differential games to natural resource and environmental economics, and other related topics. The workshop is led by a team of researchers comprising professors from McGill University, Concordia University, Université de Montréal and HEC Montréal who will actively participate in each meeting. A regular and active participation is expected of the doctoral students and other researchers who would like to join this work group.

ECON 878 Workshop in Labour Economics
Prerequisite: Permission of the department.
The course covers topics related to specifying and estimating static and dynamic models of individual choice concerning education, occupation, labour supply, marriage, fertility, and immigration. Emphasis is placed on policy evaluation methods. The course covers both structural and nonstructural approaches. For each topic, theory, econometrics and applications are discussed. The course concludes with presentations by students of their on-going thesis work. The course is restricted to PhD students who plan to write a thesis in the field of labour economics. There is no textbook for this course. Instead, the course uses journal articles extensively to supplement the topics covered in the workshop.

Cognate Courses

In addition, graduate students in economics may be permitted to register for a limited number of courses offered in the MSc program in the John Molson School of Business. In all such cases, prior permission of the Department of Economics and the John Molson School of Business is required.

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Diploma in Economics

Admission Requirements. To be considered for admission, applicants must hold an undergraduate degree with a cumulative GPA of 3.00 or the equivalent. In addition, they must have earned sufficient credits in economics and basic statistical and mathematical methods to cope with graduate level courses in economics. In exceptional cases, and at the discretion of the Graduate Program Director, an applicant who has not yet satisfied this Arts and Science prerequisite may be admitted, providing that the missing courses are included in the student’s program in addition to the normal course requirements for the diploma. The grading scheme for diploma courses will be the scheme applicable to graduate courses (i.e., the passing grade is B-).

TOEFL Requirement. The Department of Economics recommends students for admission with TOEFL iBT total scores of at least 90 (or 577 for TOEFL PBT). The following scores in the essay/written expression section are also required: TOEFL iBT, 23 (TOEFL PBT, 5.0).

Requirements for the Diploma

  1. Credits. Candidates are required to complete a minimum of 30 credits. No more than 12 credits can be earned as pro-tanto credit for previous work.

  2. Courses. Credit courses for the diploma program are listed below. Up to 6 credits may be earned in the category of cognate courses (see Class C). Each student’s program of study must be approved by the Graduate Program Director.

Academic Regulations

  1. GPA Requirement. Students having completed at least four courses are assessed at the end of each academic year based on creditable courses completed after their first registration in the program. To be permitted to continue, students must have obtained a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.70.

  2. C Rule. Normally a student receiving a grade of C in two courses will be required to withdraw from the program. Students withdrawing for this reason may petition the Diploma Committee for special consideration. In cases of extenuating circumstances probationary continuation in the program will be considered.

  3. F Rule. Students who receive a failing grade in the course of their studies will be withdrawn from the program. Students may apply for re-admission. Students who receive another failing grade after re-admission will be withdrawn from the program and will not be considered for re-admission.

  4. Time Limit. All work for a diploma program must be completed within 6 terms (2 years) from the time of initial registration in the program for full-time students; for part-time students the time limit is 12 terms (4 years).

  5. Graduation Requirement. To graduate, students must have completed all course requirements with a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.70.

Courses

ECON 501 and 503 are compulsory core courses for all students. A minimum of six credits must be taken from Class B. The remaining credits may be selected from Class A and/or Class B and/or Class C with no more than six credits taken from Class C.

Class A Courses (3 credits each)
The 500-level courses have a 3-credit value and are cross-listed with the undergraduate 400-level courses.

ECON 501 Advanced Microeconomic Theory
ECON 503 Advanced Macroeconomic Theory
ECON 509 History of Economic Thought I
ECON 510 History of Economic Thought II
ECON 513 Economic Growth and Fluctuations
ECON 514 Economic Development: Policy Analysis
ECON 521 Econometrics I
ECON 522 Econometrics II
ECON 523 Applied Econometrics
ECON 525 Mathematics for Advanced Study in Economics
ECON 532 Monetary Theory
ECON 533 Financial Economics
ECON 536 Economics of Taxation
ECON 537 Economics of Public Expenditure
ECON 542 International Economics: Trade Theory
ECON 543 International Economics: Finance
ECON 550 Economic History
ECON 561 Industrial Organization
ECON 562 The Corporate Economy
ECON 563 Economics of Regulation
ECON 564 Game Theory, Information, and Economic Modelling
ECON 565 The Economics of Professional Sport
ECON 581 Labour Economics
ECON 582 Economics of Personnel and Industrial Relations
ECON 583 Employment, Earnings and Labour Market Policies
ECON 585 Health Economics
ECON 591 Environmental Economics
ECON 593 Regional Economics
ECON 595 Economics of Transportation and Communications
ECON 596 Natural Resource Economics
ECON 597 Income Distribution and Economic Inequality
ECON 598 Advanced Topics in Economics
ECON 599 Advanced Topics in Economics

Class B Courses (3 credits each)
All 600-level courses offered in the Department of Economics.

Class C Courses (3 credits each)
All master-level courses offered in the John Molson School of Business.

Course Descriptions

ECON 596 Natural Resource Economics (3 credits)
This course focuses on the problems of the finiteness of the natural resources base in Canada and in the world, and on an analysis of the demand for and supply of natural resources and energy. The course also discusses the economic aspects of a selected group of conservation measures (financial incentives, reallocation of property rights, regulation).
Note: Students who have received credit for this topic under a ECON 598 number may not take this course for credit.

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